Key Compromises at the Convention Summarize what you have read The Great Compromise or Connecticut Plan

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Key Compromises at the Convention

Summarize what you have read

The Great Compromise or Connecticut Plan

The first issue to be fixed was that of representation. The delegates from Virginia proposed the Virginia Plan, which called for a bicameral (two branches) of legislature (law makers). A state’s representation in each house would be based on its population. Larger states supported this plan. The smaller states favored the New Jersey Plan. This plan called for a unicameral legislature in which each state had equal representation.

The Virginia Plan served as the basis for much of the new Constitution. However, the matter of representation had to be settled by what is known as the Great Compromise, or the Connecticut Plan, which gave something to both large and small states. The states had equal representation in the upper house, or the Senate. In the lower house, or House or Representatives, representation was based on population.

The Three-Fifths Compromise

Meanwhile, a bitter debate continued over slavery and power. Southerners wanted slaves to be counted for purposes of deciding representation in the House, but not for purposes of determining taxes. The compromise reached was that three fifths of the enslaved African Americans in a state were counted for both representation and taxation purposes.

The Commerce Compromise

Northerners wanted a government that could regulate trade. Southerners, however, feared that the importing of Africans slaves would be prohibited and that their agricultural exports would be taxed. The delegates agreed that no export duties could be passed by Congress and that Congress could not prohibit the slave trade for 20 years.

The Electoral College

The procedure for electing the president reflected a concern for the educated upper class. Many among the upper class distrusted and feared the lower classes. Some did not trust the common people to vote wisely; others trusted them to vote the upper class out of power. So the delegates came up with a new system of electing the president. Instead of voters choosing the president directly, each state would choose a number of electors equal to the number of the senators and representatives the state had in Congress. The group of electors chosen by the states, known as the Electoral College, would cast ballots for the candidates.

Name__________________________ Period__________

Key Issues at the Constitutional Convention Ms. Snow

Read about the compromises made at the Constitutional Convention. Using information from the reading decide if the choice would agree with option A or B.
Issue #1 – Authority:

(A) States should make decisions for the country.


(B) The country should make decisions for the states.

A politician.

Your opinion.

A planter.

Your partner’s opinion.

Issue #2 – Representation in Government:

(A) All states should get equal representation in government.


(B) Representation should be based on the population of the states.

Citizen of Rhode Island.

Your opinion.

Citizen of Virginia.

Your partner’s opinion.

Issue #3 – Slavery

(A) Slaves should represent part of the population in government.


(B) Slaves should not be counted as people when it comes to representing government.

The South.

Your opinion.

The North.

Your partner’s opinion.

Issue #4 – Trade Regulation

(A) A government should have the right to regulate trade through taxes & laws.


(B) Government should not get involved in business & trade.

Slave owners.

Your opinion.

A humanitarian.

Your partner’s opinion.

Issue #5 – Electing a President

(A) Uneducated people should have as much as an equal voice in government as the educated.


(B) The common people should not be trusted to vote wisely for important issues in government.

A farmer.

Your opinion.

A businessman.

Your partner’s opinion.

Name__________________________ Period__________

HW #5
What was the main issue in each of the following:
1) The Great Compromise or Connecticut Plan

2) The 3/5 Compromise

3) The Commerce Compromise

4) The Electoral College

For each issue, how did the compromise satisfy each side?
A) The Great Compromise or Connecticut Plan

B) The 3/5 Compromise-

C) The Commerce Compromise-

D) The Electoral College

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