Kaiser Family Foundation/mtv youth, Voting & the 2000 Election



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Kaiser Family Foundation/MTV

Youth, Voting & the 2000 Election


September 2000




Methodology
Youth, Voting & the 2000 Election reports on the results of a national random sample telephone survey of 813 adults ages 18-24. The questionnaire was designed and analyzed by staff at the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, MTV: Music Television and Princeton Survey Research Associates (PSRA), and was conducted by PSRA August 9-27, 2000. The margin of error is plus or minus 4 percent.


Topline Results
N = 813 Adults ages 18 to 24.

Margin of error: plus or minus 4 percent

Square root of design effect: 1.1

Field period: August 9-27, 2000


* Note: Some results may not add to 100% due to rounding.
1. Many people are not registered to vote because they’re too busy or move around too often. Are you NOW registered to vote in your precinct or election district, or haven’t you had a chance to register yet?


Yes, registered

50

No, not registered

48

(VOL.) Don’t have to register

*

Don’t know/Refused

1

2. Do you, yourself plan to vote in the presidential election this November? (IF YES, ASK) How certain are you that you will vote? Are you absolutely certain, fairly certain, or not certain?




Yes, absolutely certain

46

Yes, fairly certain

18

Yes, but not certain

9

No, not planning to vote

23

Don’t know/Refused

4



  1. Suppose the 2000 presidential election were being held TODAY and you had to choose between the Democratic ticket of Al Gore and Joseph Lieberman; the Republican ticket of George W. Bush and Dick Cheney; the Reform Party ticket headed by Pat Buchanan and Ezola Foster; and the Green Party ticket of Ralph Nader and Winona LaDuke. Who would you vote for? As of TODAY, do you LEAN more to Gore and Leiberman, the Democrats; Bush and Cheney, the Republicans; Buchanan and Foster of the Reform Party; or Nader and LaDuke of the Green Party?




Gore/Lieberman

39

Bush/Cheney

43

Buchanan/Foster

2

Nader/LaDuke

4

Undecided/Other candidate

12



  1. Suppose there were only two choices on the ballot and you HAD TO CHOOSE between the Democratic ticket of Al Gore and Joseph Leiberman, and the Republican ticket of George Bush and Dick Cheney. Who would you vote for? As of TODAY, do you LEAN more toward Gore and Lieberman, the Democrats; or Bush and Cheney, the Republicans?




Gore/Lieberman

44

Bush/Cheney

47

Undecided/Other candidate

9



5. Do you think things in this country are generally going in the right direction or are they seriously off on the wrong track?


Right direction

60

Wrong track

32

Don’t know/Refused

9

6. Overall, how much thought have you given to the coming Presidential election this year? Would you say you have given the election a lot of thought, some thought, only a little thought, or hardly any thought at all?




A lot

20

Some

37

Only a little

22

Hardly any (include "none")

21

Don't know/Refused

*



  1. Now, I’m going to read you a list of four things that might influence your vote in the presidential election. Please tell me which ONE of them you think will be MOST important when you decide who to vote for. Will it be…(READ AND ROTATE)




The candidates’ stand on issues

42

The candidates’ character and moral values

26

The candidates’ leadership abilities

20

The candidates’ experience

9

(VOL.) Other/None of these

2

(VOL.) Not interested in politics/Don’t plan to vote

*

Don’t know/Refused

2

8. Does George W. Bush's choice of Dick Cheney as his vice presidential running-mate make you MORE likely to support the Republican ticket, LESS likely to support the Republican ticket, or does it not make any difference?




More likely

10

Less likely

9

No difference

77

Don't know/Refused

3

9. Does Al Gore's choice of Joseph Lieberman as his vice presidential running-mate make you MORE likely to support the Democratic ticket, LESS likely to support the Democratic ticket, or does it not make any difference?




More likely

17

Less likely

8

No difference

72

Don't know/Refused

3

10. Suppose you needed advice about a personal problem or issue. If you could talk to either Al Gore or George W. Bush, who would you be more comfortable going to for help?




Al Gore

39

George W. Bush

39

(VOL.) Either/ Neither

15

Don't know/Refused

7

11. How big an impact do you think the outcome of this year's presidential election will have on YOU PERSONALLY? Do you think it will have a big impact, a small impact, or no real impact at all?




Big impact

26

Small impact

43

No impact at all

27

Don't know/Refused

4

12. I am going to read a short list of phrases that could be used to describe the two main presidential candidates. Regardless of which candidate you support, please tell me whether you think each is a better description of Al Gore or George W. Bush. In your opinion, which candidate…(INSERT. ROTATE.)







Gore

Bush

Neither/Both

DK

a. Has stronger leadership qualities

32

53

4

11

b. Is more honest and ethical

38

39

8

15

c. Is more intelligent and well informed

38

41

7

14

d. Cares more about people your age

46

28

8

18

e. Shares your views on most major political issues

40

43

4

14

13. For you personally, what is the SINGLE BIGGEST PROBLEM OR CONCERN that you have in your own life today? (OPEN END.)




Jobs/Money/Financial pressure

23

Education, total

20

Education, general

12




Education cost

8




The Economy/Taxes

6

Violence/Guns

4

Children/Child care

4

What to do with life

4

Health care

3

Foreign policy/Global issues

*

OTHER

19

Nothing/None/No problems really

8

Don’t know/Refused

14

14. Please tell me how important you think each of the following issues will be in determining your vote for president. (First,) what about...(INSERT. ROTATE.)? Will this issue be very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important in determining your vote?







Very

Important

Somewhat Important

Not too Important

Not at all Important

DK

a. National defense and Foreign policy

39

42

11

7

1

b. Crime and violence

74

22

3

1

*

c. Taxes

65

27

5

2

1

d. Education

86

12

*

1

*

e. The economy and jobs

79

18

2

1

*

f. Gun control

60

24

10

4

1

g. Health care

68

25

5

2

*

h. Abortion

49

25

11

13

1

i. The Environment

62

29

6

2

*

j. Civil rights

67

25

5

2

1

k. Social Security

56

34

6

3

1

l. The privacy of personal and financial information

61

27

8

3

*

m. Campaign finance reform

14

36

25

22

4

n. Poverty

59

32

5

3

1

o. Moral values

60

28

7

3

1

15. As you may know, the federal government now has a budget SURPLUS, meaning it's taking in more money than it spends. In your opinion, which ONE of the following would you most like to see the surplus used for. Would you most like to see the surplus used…(READ. ROTATE ITEMS.)




To provide funds to improve education

44

To protect programs such as Medicare and Social Security

13

To increase the number of Americans who have health insurance coverage

13

For tax cuts

10

To pay off the national debt more quickly

10

To increase funding for the fight against HIV and AIDS

8

Don’t know/Refused

2

Now I would like to ask you about some specific issues being discussed in this year's presidential election.


16. On the issue of ABORTION. Please tell me which comes closer to your own view, even if neither is exactly right:


a. Government should not interfere with a woman’s right to choose an abortion.

51

b. Abortion should be PROHIBITED, EXCEPT in cases of rape, incest, or to protect the life of the mother.

46

(VOL.) Neither/Both

1

Don’t know/Refused

2

17. On the issue of AFFIRMATIVE ACTION. Please tell me which comes closer to your own view, even if neither is exactly right:




a. Affirmative action programs are still needed to counteract the effects of discrimination against minorities, as long as there are no rigid quotas.

50

b. Affirmative action programs have gone too far in favoring minorities, and should be phased out because they unfairly discriminate against non-minority groups.

44

(VOL.) Neither/Both

3

Don’t know/Refused

3



  1. On the issue of SOCIAL SECURITY. Please tell me which comes closer to your own view, even if neither is exactly right:




a. Individuals should be allowed to take a portion of the money set aside for their Social Security and invest it in the stock market, so they can try to earn additional money for their retirement.

44

b. Social Security should remain a guaranteed retirement benefit; by putting even a portion of Social Security benefits in the stock market, there is a risk that people will not have the money they’ll need in retirement.

53

(VOL.) Neither/Both

2

Don’t know/Refused

1

19. Which ONE of the following three statements comes closest to your opinion about what the government should do for people who don’t have health insurance? Do you think the government should…(READ. DO NOT ROTATE.)




a. Keep things the way they are now

10

b. Make a LIMITED effort to provide health insurance for some of the uninsured, which would not require a tax increase

51

c. Make a MAJOR effort to provide health insurance for nearly all Americans, which would require a tax increase

37

Don’t know/Refused

2

20. Now I’m going to read you a short list of health care issues and concerns facing this country today. As I read each one, please tell me how important you think it is. (First,/How about)…(READ. ROTATE.) Do you think this issue is very important, somewhat important, not too important, or not at all important?







Very Important

Somewhat Important

Not too Important

Not at all Important


DK

a. Increasing the number of Americans who have health insurance coverage

59

33

5

2

1

b. Protecting patients' rights in HMO’s and managed care plans

59

34

5

2

1

c. Making the Medicare program financially sound

58

34

6

2

1

d. Reducing the cost of health care

66

29

3

1

1

e. Providing prescription drug coverage for older Americans

64

31

3

2

*

f. Providing long-term care, such as nursing homes for older Americans

56

37

4

2

*

21. Now I am going to read you a list of eight health problems FACING YOUNG PEOPLE in this country today. After I read the entire list, please tell me which ONE you feel is the MOST IMPORTANT health problem for young people today. Here's the list. (READ. ROTATE.)




HIV and AIDS

16

Illegal drug use

16

Violence

14

Teen pregnancy

14

Sexually Transmitted Diseases other than HIV

10

Alcohol abuse

10

Youth smoking

10

Depression

9

Other (SPECIFY)

1

Don't know/Refused

1

22. Now I am going to read two statements about sex education in schools today. Please tell me which comes closer to your view, even if neither is exactly right.




a. Federal funding should be made available to sex education classes that teach ONLY abstinence as a way to prevent unwanted pregnancies and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.

17

b. Federal funding should be made available to sex education classes that teach students a variety of ways to prevent pregnancy and the spread of STD's, such as abstinence, and the use of condoms and other forms of birth control.

80

(VOL.) Neither/Both

1

Don't know/Refused

1

23. As you may know, there is a federal law that mandates increased penalties for people who commit crimes against blacks and other minorities out of prejudice against them. Would you favor or oppose a similar federal law that would mandate increased penalties for people who commit hate crimes out of prejudice toward gays and lesbians?




Favor

77

Oppose

19

Don’t know/Refused

4

24. Do you think there should or should NOT be laws that provide gay and lesbian couples who form civil unions the same legal rights as married couples when it comes to things like inheritance, employer provided health insurance and hospital visits?




Should be

61

Should not be

34

Don’t know/Refused

5

25. Now, I’m going to read you a list of proposals some candidates have made. For each one, please tell me whether you favor or oppose each proposal…(INSERT. ROTATE.) Do you favor or oppose this proposal?







Favor

Oppose

DK

a. The government should offer parents “vouchers” to send their children to the school of their choice, including private or religious schools

73

25

3

b. The government should impose tougher gun laws, such as a mandatory waiting period, and criminal background checks for those who want to buy guns

84

16

1

  1. The government should ban any new offshore oil drilling

36

52

12

























d. The government should protect the rights of health care patients by allowing people to sue their health plans for malpractice

76

21

3

e. The government should legalize the personal use of marijuana

42

54

3

26. There are lots of reasons why people don't always vote. As far as reasons why YOU PERSONALLY may not vote in this year's election, please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly DISAGREE, or completely DISAGREE with the following? (First/Next)…(INSERT. ROTATE.)


Based on those who are not absolutely certain they will vote (n=436).





Completely Agree

Mostly

Agree

Mostly

Disagree

Completely

Disagree


DK

a. I don’t know enough about the candidates to vote

24

36

20

17

3

b. It’s complicated to register to vote where I live

3

9

29

53

6

c. It’s difficult for me to get out to the polls to vote

14

17

23

44

2

d. I don’t like any of the candidates

10

20

30

35

5

e. Politics is just about money and lying, and I don’t want to involve myself in it

13

26

29

28

3

f. I can make more of a difference by getting involved in my community than by voting in elections

24

34

27

13

2

g. All candidates are basically the same, so it doesn’t make much difference to me who gets elected

8

20

31

40

2

h. My vote doesn't matter

10

15

27

46

2

27. Here are some statements people have made about politics in general. Please tell me whether you completely agree, mostly agree, mostly DISAGREE, or completely DISAGREE? (First/Next)…(READ. ROTATE.)







Completely Agree

Mostly

Agree

Mostly

Disagree

Completely

Disagree

DK

a. Politicians in Washington are out of touch with the concerns of people my age

25

45

20

7

3

b. Voting gives people like me some say about how the government runs things

30

45

15

9

1



  1. Thinking about the presidential election overall, in your opinion what is the most important issue NOT BEING DISCUSSED by the candidates? (OPEN END.)




Education/Increased funding for education

7

Crime/Violence/Guns

5

Foreign policy/Military

4

Alcohol/Drugs

4

Health care

3

Issues concerning young adults

3

The Economy/Jobs

3

Abortion

3

Welfare/Poverty

2

Family issues/Children’s issues

2

OTHER

16

Nothing/Don’t know

51

DEMOGRAPHICS

D1. What is your age? (RECORD ACTUAL AGE)


Age 18-20

45

Age 21-24

55

D2. In general, would you describe your political views as…(READ. DO NOT ROTATE.)




Total Conservative

32

Very conservative

3




Conservative

29




Moderate

34

Total Liberal

29

Liberal

20




Very liberal

9




(VOL.) Don’t know/Refused

5

D3. In politics TODAY, do you consider yourself a Republican, Democrat, or Independent? As of TODAY do you LEAN more toward the Republican Party or the Democratic Party?




Republican

25

Democrat

28

Independent

41

(VOL.) No preference/Not interested in politics

2

(VOL.) Other party

*

Don’t know/Refused

3







Republican/Lean Republican

41

Democrat/Lean Democrat

45

D4. How important would you say religion is in your own life…(READ.)




Very important

50

Somewhat important

30

Not too important

11

Not at all important

9

Don’t know/Refused

*

D5. Are you now married, LIVING AS married, divorced, separated or have you never been married?




Married

14

Living as married

4

Divorced

1

Separated

2

Never been married/Single

79

Refused

*

D6. Are you now employed full-time, part-time, or are you not employed for pay?




Employed full-time

52

Employed part-time

26

Not employed

21

(VOL.) Disabled

*

(VOL.) Student

1

(VOL.) Other

*

Don’t know/Refused

*

D7. Are you also a full- or part-time student?




Total Students

55

Yes, full-time

40

Yes, part-time

15

No

46

D8. What is the LAST grade or class that you COMPLETED in school? (READ ONLY IF NECESSARY.)




None, or grade 1-8

1

High school incomplete (grades 9-11)

10

High school graduate (grade 12 or GED certificate)

37

Business, technical, or vocational school AFTER high school

2

Some college, no 4-year degree

36

College graduate (B.S., B.A., or other 4-year degree)

12

Post-graduate training or professional schooling after college (e.g., toward a master's degree or Ph.D.; law or medical school)

2

Don't know/Refused

*

D9. Are you, yourself, of Hispanic or Latino background, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or some other Latin American background?




Yes

14

No

86

Don't know/Refused

*

D10. What is your race? Are you white, black, Asian, or some other race? IF RESPONDENT SAYS "HISPANIC" OR "LATINO" ASK: Do you consider yourself a WHITE Hispanic/Latino or a BLACK Hispanic/Latino? THEN CODE AS WHITE (1) OR BLACK (2). IF RESPONDENT REFUSES TO CHOOSE BETWEEN WHITE OR BLACK HISPANIC, CODE AS OTHER (4).




White

75

Black/African-American

16

Asian

3

Other or mixed race (SPECIFY)

5

Don't know/Refused

2

D11. Respondent’s Sex:




Male

49

Female

51






The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
The Kaiser Family Foundation, based in Menlo Park, California, is an independent national health care philanthropy and is not associated with Kaiser Permanente or Kaiser Industries. This survey was conducted as part of the Foundation’s Program on the Entertainment Media & Public Health, which was established to examine the impact of entertainment media on society, and to work with the entertainment industry to help convey important health messages to the public.



The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

2400 Sand Hill Road

Menlo Park, CA 94025

650-854-9400

Facsimile: 650-854-4800
Washington Office:

1450 G Street N.W., Suite 250

Washington, DC 20005

202-347-5270

Facsimile: 202-347-5274

www.kff.org

Additional free copies of this publication (#3058)

are available on the Foundation’s website at www.kff.org

or by calling the Kaiser Family Foundation’s



P
00-1567D-01
ublication Requestion Line at 1-800-656-4533.



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