Justified, true belief



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PLATO ON KNOWLEDGE: what it is

Plato gives three conditions for knowledge:


“P knows X” entails that

  1. P believes X.

  2. X is true.

  3. P can give “the logos” for X. (justification, i.e., why X is true)

For Plato, knowledge is justified, true belief.


In order to justify, or “give the logos”, for some belief, you must show that it relates to the Forms.

Plato’s “Simile of the Line” from Republic IX


States of Mind Object of Awareness

Knowledge ║ aware of Forms



Thinking ║ aware of Concepts

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Opinion (doxa) ║ aware of sensible objects





Imagining ║ aware of images


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