Julius caesar’s background 509 bc

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509 BC The Romans established a republic. A republic was a state ruled by

elected leaders rather than a monarch.

82 BC General Sulla became a dictator.
Pompey the Great existed between 106-48 BC.
60 BC Caesar joined with Pompey and Crassus to rule as the First

Triumvirate. These three men were resisting the Senate’s control.

58-51 BC Caesar’s power began.
Pompey became nervous about Julius Caesar, so he allied himself

with Caesar’s conservative rivals to beat him. Pompey ordered

Caesar to give up his army; he wouldn’t, so this led to civil war.
53 BC Crassus died. This led to only Pompey and Caesar holding the power.
Caesar led his troops against Pompey; this obstacle helped his rise to

Caesar forced Pompey to flee to the Balkans after these two battles.

49 BC Within sixty days, Caesar became master of Italy. He continue to war

with Pompey. Caesar followed him to Egypt where the Egyptian

government killed Pompey.
Pompey’s sons reorganized after his death to take control of Rome.
46 BC Caesar asked an astronomer to create an accurate calendar. This is

very similar to what we have today.

45 BC Caesar defeated forces in Spain. Julius became the sole ruler of

Rome. This is where our story begins. Julius Caesar was on his way

home to take over Rome.
Marcus Brutus had fought on the side of Pompey, but Caesar

pardoned him.

44 BC Caesar was assassinated.
43 BC Octavian, Mark Anthony, and Lepidus formed the Second


Lepidus was shut out of the Triumvirate. This left only Anthony and

Octavian. Mark Anthony joined forces with Cleopatra.

31 BC Octavian defeated Mark Anthony and Cleopatra.
27 BC Augustus became the Roman emperor. Octavian changed his name to


14 AD Augustus died.
96-180 AD The Roman Empire reached its height of power.
476 AD The last emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was overthrown.


*509 BC *82 BC *60s BC *58-51 BC *53 BC

*49 BC *46 BC *45 BC *44 BC *43 BC

*31 BC *27 BC *14 AD *96-180 AD *476 AD

  1. Romans established a republic

  2. Pompey, Caesar, and Crassus formed the 1st Triumvirate

  3. Caesar asked for a calendar

  4. Last emperor – Romulus Augustulus – was overthrown

  5. Roman Empire reached its height of power

  6. General Sulla became dictator

  7. Augustus died

  8. Caesar’s power began

  9. Crassus died

  10. Caesar assassinated

  11. Augustus became the Roman emperor

  12. Octavian defeated Mark Anthony and Cleopatra

  13. Caesar sole ruler of Roman world

  14. Octavian, Mark Anthony, Lepidus formed 2nd Triumvirate

  15. Caesar invaded Italy

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