Judaism Christianity



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Judaism

Christianity

Islam

Hinduism

Buddhism

Founder

The Hebrew leader Abraham founded Judaism around 2000 B.C. Moses gave the Jews the Torah around 1250 B.C.

Jesus Christ, who was crucified around A.D. 30 in Jerusalem.

Muhammad, who was born in A.D. 570 at Mecca, in Saudi Arabia.

Hinduism has no founder. The oldest religion, it may date to prehistoric times.

Siddhartha Gautama, called the Buddha, in the 4th or 5th century B.C. in India.

How Many Gods

One

One

One

Many (all gods and goddesses are considered different forms of one Supreme Being.)

None, but there are enlightened beings (Buddhas)

Holy Writings

The most important are the Torah, or the first five books of Moses.

The Bible is the main sacred text of Christianity.

The Koran is the sacred book of Islam.

The most ancient are the four Vedas.

The most important are the Tripitaka, the Mahayana Sutras, Tantra, and Zen texts.

Beliefs

Jews believe in the laws of God and the words of the prophets. In Judaism, however, actions are more important than beliefs.

Jesus taught love of God and neighbor and a concern for justice.


The Five Pillars, or main duties, are: profession of faith; prayer; charitable giving; fasting during the month of Ramadan; and pilgrimage to Mecca at least once.

Reincarnation states that all living things are caught in a cycle of death and rebirth. Life is ruled by the laws of karma, in which rebirth depends on moral behavior.

The Four Noble Truths: (1) all beings suffer; (2) desire—for possessions, power, and so on—causes suffering; (3) desire can be overcome; and (4) the path that leads away from desire is the Eightfold Path (the Middle Way).

Types

The three main types are Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform.

In 1054 Christians separated into the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. In the early 1500s the major Protestant groups formed.

Almost 90% of Muslims are Sunnis. Shiites are the second-largest group. The Shiites split from the Sunnis in 632 when Muhammad died.

No single belief system unites Hindus. A Hindu can believe in only one god, in many, or in none.

Theravada (Way of the Elders) and Mahayana (Greater Vehicle) are the two main types.

Where

There are large Jewish populations in Israel and the U.S.

Through its missionary activity Christianity has spread to most parts of the globe.

Islam is the main religion of the Middle East, Asia, and the north of Africa.

Hinduism is practiced by more than 80% of India's population.

Buddhism is the main religion in many Asian countries.


Religion FAQ

  • Polytheism-the worship on many or multiple gods

  • Monotheism-the worship of one God

  • Abrahamic Faiths-Religions descended from Abraham. (Judaism, Islam and Christianity)

  • Catholics are Christians

  • All Muslims are not terrorists

  • Reincarnation-Being born again in another life form.



 Religion is to do right. It is to love, it is to serve, it is to think, it is to be humble.”

http://thinkexist.com/i/sq/as4.gif Ralph Waldo Emerson


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