Jsh-091 / ℗ 1999 Joe Griffin Joshua



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99-02-02.JSH-091 /

©℗ 1999 Joe Griffin Joshua

Psalm 119:45, “Precepts”; Psalm 119:46, Witnessing before Kings; Psalm 119:47, Delight in Doctrine

16- This brings us to the next synonym for Bible doctrine in this strophe which is:



piqqudim - Pronounced, pik-KOOD-im, this word refers to the imperative moods of the Law which place upon the believer the responsibilities associated with his spiritual life. It speaks of divine mandates in which man’s obligation is set forth.

  1. Freedom demands responsibility and those who have freedom are willing to submit to those standards that insure the perpetuation of that freedom.

  2. The word “seek” is the verb darash and denotes an intensive inquiry and investigation into a particular subject done with great care.

  3. Our warrior therefore asserts that he searches the Scripture for insight regarding his obligations and responsibilities and as a result he confidently executes his spiritual life to the max.

Psalm 119:45 - [CTL] I will execute the spiritual life of my dispensation endowed with the broad boundaries of grace, for I carefully research your precepts [ with freedom comes responsibilities and obligations ].

v 46 - [NAS] I will also speak of your testimonies before kings and shall not be ashamed.

  1. The next synonym for Bible doctrine is “testimonies” which is the translation of the Hebrew word:

‘edah /ay-DAW/ - Testimony; divine legislation

  1. The root word is ‘ud /ood/ which means, “to repeat.” Its derivatives include the concept of bearing witness.

  2. Witnessing is really a concept from the courtroom. A witness is a person who has firsthand knowledge of an event and is thus under obligation to testify truthfully.



  1. The veracity of the testimony is found in the fact that the witness continues to repeat the same data over and over without contradiction.

  2. Bearing false witness is prohibited in the Decalogue under the Ninth Commandment: “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.” (Exodus 20:16)

  3. Incidentally, in Anglo-Saxon jurisprudence violation of this commandment is referred to as “perjury.” It is defined by:

Black, Henry Campbell. Black’s Law Dictionary. Rev. 4th ed. St. Paul: West Publishing Co., 1968; p. 1297:

The willful assertion as to a matter of fact, opinion, belief, or knowledge, made by a witness in a judicial proceeding as part of his evidence, under oath …, such assertion being material to the issue or point of inquiry and known to such witness to be false.



  1. The word ‘edah / ay-DAW / is always used in reference to the testimony of God. In other words, all that God has chosen to communicate in the Torah is absolute, unqualified truth.

  2. Those who for whatever reason are motivated to repeat what He has written are witnesses to His testimony.

  3. In the face of unjust and unfair treatment making such a witness can be very dangerous and in some cases fatal.

  4. Human circumstances change and with them often come suppression of speech and restrictions on other means of expression.

  5. But the Word of God stands forever! The writer of Psalm 119 declares before the Lord that he will speak divine legislation even before kings regardless of the political situation.

  6. Even though the king may not agree, consider it foolish, or even legislate against it, our warrior contends he will continue to communicate the divine law.

  7. And when he does so he maintains that he will not be:

bosh - to be ashamed; confused; embarrassed; dismayed; disgraced

  1. The Hebrew use of this word stresses the sense of public disgrace, in this case potential defeat at the hands of the enemy.

  2. Capture by the enemy brings shame, disillusionment, and humiliation.

  3. The Psalmist contends that in such a circumstance he will not be ashamed. Why?

  4. Because of his trust, faith, and confidence in God just expressed in:

  1. Verse 42, “I have confidence in Your Word.”

  2. Verse 43, “I confidently wait with patience for Your justice.”

  1. Having transferred his case against his enemy over to the Supreme Court of Heaven, the Psalmist expresses trust in the Lord to protect him in the interim.

  2. He has confidence that even if captured by his enemy he will witness before him of the divine legislation found in the Torah and do so without shame, confusion, embarrassment, dismay, disgrace, disillusionment, or humiliation.

Psalm 119:46 - [CTL] I will also speak of Your divine testimonies before kings and shall not be ashamed.

v 47 - [NAS] And I shall delight in Your commandments which I love.

  1. There are two verbs in this verse which indicate our warrior’s motivation toward doctrine. The first is:

sha‘a‘ /shaw-AH / - To delight oneself in; to dandle; to find pleasure in; implies a full and entire inclination towards an object.

  1. The delight spoken of here is the result of executing the spiritual life of Israel.

  2. The Psalmist has done his Bible study, or Torah study, and has made application of the Faith-Rest Drill.

  3. He has reached the third and fourth stages which involve application to man and circumstances.

  4. The third stage of the Faith-Rest Drill is confidence based on the doctrinal rationales and results in the courage to make application to man and circumstances.

  5. The fourth stage is application of Leviticus 19:18 to your enemies which is tantamount to one’s transfer of the case over to the Supreme Court of Heaven.

  6. Such a believer has great soul tranquility, free of fear, motivated by doctrine, and secure in the confidence of divine provision and care under pressure.

  7. Therefore, when our hero says in verse 46 that “I shall delight in Your commandments,” he is expressing a complete and confident expectation of divine administration of the Law on his behalf.

  8. The word for delight, sha‘a‘ / shaw-AH /, has a nuance in its definition which can best be expressed by the English word “dandle.”

Oxford English Dictionary, s.v. “dandle”:

To move a child lightly up and down in the arms or on the knee.



  1. As the Psalmist reads and meditates on the commandments found in the Torah, he becomes excited with the truth that is revealed to him.

  2. Therefore the delight he derives from his study of the Scripture is expressed overtly by moving his legs up and down.







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