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Source: Annual Reports of the NMECC, the Prime Minister's Department (2000 - 2004)

Journal of the Australian Naval Institute

Issue 131

17




RMP (15 PZ patrol

boats), the Fisheries

Department (six

fisheries P-series

patrol boats and

six other smaller

boats KPS series),

the Royal Customs

Department (six

patrol boats of

Bahtera K and

KA-class) and the

Marine Department

(six boats and six

other smaller boats):

On 15 February

2005, the Act went

into force and the

MMEA was formally established,

and then officially launched on 21

March 2006. The MME A is now the

backbone of Malaysia's maritime law

enforcement agencies, responsible to

ensure the safety and security of lives

and properties in Malaysia's maritime

zones.

In term of assets available for deployment in Malaysia's fisheries



activities by maritime enforcement agencies are also reduced.

Table 3. Sighting of Illegal Fishing [Activities by Foreign Fishing Vessels in Malaysia's Fisheries Waters by Month (2000 - 2004)

As stipulated in the Fisheries Act of 1985, vessels of the RMN, the Marine Police and the Department of Fisheries are responsible to enforce the Act. The bulk of the maritime law enforcement is carried out by the MME A since its formation in 2005. Prior to the MMEA's formation, the RMN deployed two Offshore Patrol Vessels, six Fast Attack Crafts (Guns) and 15 Patrol Crafts for law enforcement in the EEZ on opportunity basis. Likewise, the Marine Police deployed 15 PZ-class boats for law enforcement in the EEZ while a variety of smaller patrol vessels such as the PX-class, PA-class and the PC-class provided law enforcement in the territorial seas. On the formation of the MME A, except for the six Fast Attack Craft, the RMN transferred all of its Offshore Patrol Vessels and Patrol Crafts to the MMEA. Similarly, the Marine Police also transferred all of its PZ-class boats to the MMEA. Since then, the Marine Police has concentrated its law enforcement efforts within

the 12 nautical

miles of territorial

waters. As for the




Year/ Month

2000

2001

2002

2003 (Average)

2004

Total

January

2

37

26(2)

56

NA

121

February

6

36

14(2)

56

NA

112

March

39

159

41

56

NA

295

April

59

165

85

56

NA

365

May

12

73

41(27)

56

NA

182

June

36

63

56

56

NA

267

July

-

54

173(99)

56

NA

227

August

49

26

24

56

NA

155

September

95

148

117(37)

56

NA

416

October

26

53

8(3)

56

NA

143

November

30

56

45(11)

56

NA

183

December

30

3

52(68)

56

NA

141

Total

392

873

682(257)

672

NA

2,619

Department of

Fisheries, it has

transferred all of

its six P-series and

six KPS-series

boats to the

MMEA leaving

only smaller boats

for use within the

territorial seas.

In terms of

assets, the MMEA

owns 72 patrol

vessels transferred

from the RMN

(two offshore Source: Annual Reports of NMECC, the Prime Minister's Department

. 1 j (2000 - 2004) (Figures quoted in brackets are the numbers of foreign

" fishing vessels sighted in Malaysia's fisheries waters in the South China

15 patrol craft), the Sea off the east coast of Peninsular Malaysia)


West Malaysia MaritimeZone (courtesy MMEA)

waters in the South China Sea, the MMEA deploys 10 ships that include two Langkawi-class offshore patrol vessels (ex-RMNs OPV 1,300 tonnes), two Gagah-class (ex-Marine Police's PZ 230 tonnes), four Sipadan-class (ex-RMNs PC 100 tonnes) and two boats transferred from the Marine Department (the Malawali ex-Bintang 63.5 ton and Nusa ex-Rajawali 53 tonnes). Based on the patrol classifications above, only the two Langkawi-class vessels can be deployed safely in the deep water zones (50 nautical miles and above from the coasts). TTiese two ships are

Table 4. Arrests of Foreign Fishing
Vessels for Illegal Fishing in Malaysia's
Fisheries Waters
(2000 - 2007)




TahuiV Lokasi

Strait of Malacca

South China Sea

Sarawak

Sabah

Total

2000

NA

NA

NA

NA

62

2001

28

34

30

10

102

2002

44

28

38

-

112

2003

NA

NA

NA

NA

103

2004

NA

NA

NA

NA

89

2005

41

13

25

15

94

2006

27

19

12

2

60

2007

29

39

12

15

95

Total

169

133

117

42

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