The Inscrutable Question: Eternal Life: New Heavens & New Earth: Congruity of Creationism, Natural Laws, & the Bible
Classification and Order. The fact that categories of natural phenomena can be arranged in orderly classification systems is a testimony to creation. If all entities were truly in a state of evolutionary flux, classification would be impossible. Similarities in structure do not necessarily imply evolutionary descent from a common ancestor. An alternative explanation is that of creation by a common Designer of similar structures for similar functions and different structures for different functions.
Energy Decay. All processes involve energy changes and these changes always tend to go in a “downward” direction, such that there results a net decrease in the “availability” of the converted energy for further useful work. Although the Law of Energy Conservation (the First Law of Thermodynamics) assures us that no energy will be destroyed, this Law of Energy Decay (the Second Law of Thermodynamics) tells us that energy continually proceeds to lower levels of utility. (pp. 19-23)
From these several principles we can make application to the creation of the universe and its conservation to this point with the following conclusions:
Of the two cosmological models for the origin of the universe, the laws of nature lend support to the creation model and not to the evolution model.
The basic laws of nature are constant and do not vary in their application.
The universe provides an environment of time and space in which there are really only two things: energy and matter.
Energy and matter are interchangeable but neither can be destroyed. They only change forms. This is referred to as the “constancy of matter and energy.”
In the universe nothing is static. There is constant motion which produces phenomena and processes.
These processes involve simultaneously every unit of matter interacting with every other unit of matter in the universe.
This interaction is an ongoing sequence of causes and effects. When these processes are tracked backward in time then man can determine by the laws of nature the cause of every effect.
Ultimately the sequence takes him back to “first cause.” Remember that an effect can be lower than its cause but not higher.
Therefore, when contemplating “first effect,” i.e., the creation of the universe, then its “cause” must be considered higher than the phenomenon created.
Thus the first cause of finite space must be infinite. The first cause of limited time must be eternal. The first cause of degrading energy must be omnipotent. Thus the first cause of the universe must possess these attributes.
Human vocabulary has come to affix the proper noun God to such a personality. The Bible identifies Him as the triune God and the personality of the Godhead Who is revealed as the Agent or First Cause of creation is our Lord Jesus Christ.
That creation is an environment of space and time and its contents are energy and matter, which are in constant change and motion due to continuous cause and effect.
Within the closed system of the universe, its energy and matter can neither be created nor destroyed. This is the first law of thermodynamics and is called the Law of Energy Conservation.
However, another law of nature the Creator put in place was that of Energy Decay. This is the second law of thermodynamics and states that energy continually proceeds to lower levels of utility.
In other words, the universe contains a fixed amount of matter and energy. No more can be created and none can be destroyed.
However, the availability of useable energy is constantly decreasing. Again, this is the principle of entropy:
The measure of the unavailable energy in a closed thermodynamic system; a measure of disorder of a closed thermodynamic system; the degradation of the matter and energy in the universe to an ultimate state of inert uniformity; the steady degradation or disorganization of a system.
As clocks wind down, iron rusts, wood rots, and people get old—the effects of entropy are obvious everywhere.
And the physical laws that mandate this result are the first and second laws of thermodynamics.