Jerusalem: History of the Holy Land



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Jerusalem: History of the Holy Land Name ________________________________

1 Why is the Western Wall of the Jewish temple seen as a holy place for Jews all over the world?


2 What structure stands directly above the Western Wall?
3 For both Muslims and Jews, what is the significance of the mountain upon which the Dome of the Rock is built?
4 Why did the Roman emperor Constantine declare Christianity the official faith of the Empire?

5 Why might Jerusalem today be considered to be one of the most diverse communities in the world?


6 Which groups have their own quarter in Jerusalem?
7 What was the Pope's directive or call to the Christian crusaders of 1096?

8 How might one describe the Muslim festival of Ramadan?


9 What was the effect on Jerusalem of the rule of the Ottoman Turks, which began in the 16th century and lasted until the start of the 20th century?
10 What event in 20th century world history caused an increase in Jewish emigration to Palestine in order to establish their own Jewish homeland?
11 How did Jerusalem finally return to total Jewish control after 2,000 years of exile?
12 What does the Jewish feast of Passover commemorate?
13 What time period defines the Jewish Sabbath, or day of rest, in Jerusalem?


Vocabulary

mosque
orthodox


secular
sepulcher
Zionism

Jerusalem: History of the Holy Land Name _____________KEY____________
1. Why is the Western Wall of the Jewish temple seen as a holy place for Jews all over the world?

Jews regard the Western or Wailing Wall as holy because they believe God's presence escaped destruction and that it lives on in that place.

2. What structure stands directly above the Western Wall?

Directly above the Western Wall stands a magnificent Islamic shrine, the Dome of the Rock.

3. For both Muslims and Jews, what is the significance of the mountain upon which the Dome of the Rock is built?

Central to the faith of both Muslims and Jews, it is believed that the rock inside the Temple is where Abraham offered his son as a sacrifice to God.

4. Why did the Roman emperor Constantine declare Christianity the official faith of the Empire?

In 312 A.D., as Constantine led his army into battle, he had a divine vision. For this reason he converted to Christianity.

5. Why might Jerusalem today be considered to be one of the most diverse communities in the world?

Jerusalem might be seen as one of the most diverse cultures because Muslims, Christians and Jews all live together in an area less than a square mile.

6. Which groups have their own quarter in Jerusalem?

Christians, Jews, Muslims, and Armenians have their own shops and markets established over the centuries.

7. What was the Pope's directive or call to the Christian crusaders of 1096?

To drive the Muslims out of Jerusalem.

8. How might one describe the Muslim festival of Ramadan?

Ramadan is the holiest festival in the Islamic calendar. It is a time of fasting, prayer, and contemplation.

9. What was the effect on Jerusalem of the rule of the Ottoman Turks, which began in the 16th century and lasted until the start of the 20th century?

Throughout this period, the city thrived. The Ottomans and the Mamelukes built much of what is now old Jerusalem, including the great city walls.

10. What event in 20th century world history caused an increase in Jewish emigration to Palestine in order to establish their own Jewish homeland?

It was in the aftermath of the Second World War and the Holocaust that Jewish people were to make Palestine their land again. The state of Israel was formed in 1948.

11. How did Jerusalem finally return to total Jewish control after 2,000 years of exile?

In 1967, in the Six-Day War, after Arab attack, Israeli troops stormed the old city of Jerusalem, sweeping aside their Arab opponents, and they took it for the Jewish state.

12. What does the Jewish feast of Passover commemorate?

It commemorates the night that Moses led the Jewish people from their first exile in Egypt and the start of their long journey back to the Promised Land, to Jerusalem.

13. What time period defines the Jewish Sabbath, or day of rest, in Jerusalem?

It runs from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday.


Vocabulary

mosque Muslim place of worship

orthodox in religion, describes any group that claims to have the official or most correct doctrine

secular in describing Jews, those who do not hold to the letter of Jewish law, and are thus less outwardly religious than their orthodox counterparts



sepulcher burial vault or tomb

Zionism ideology that Israel should be the homeland for the world’s Jews, where they can live free of anti-Semitism and discrimination


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