Janet Seeley and Colin Pringle

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Next steps

  • The Technical meeting secretariat will prepare and share the proceedings of the meeting.

  • A smaller meeting will be held to agree who is doing what from the table of `issues’.

  • An email `sharing group’ will be established to carry on the discussion as broadly as possible among those who attended the meeting

What I did and shall do

  • I produced a short note on `gender issues raised at the meeting’, which I had been requested to `watch for’ by Marcela Villarreal. This is Annex 1.

  • I commented on a `Collaborative framework for the development of mitigation responses to HIV/AIDS in the area of food security: an FAO/IFAD/WFP working document’ produced by Daphne Topouzis. The original version appears in Annex 2.

  • I shall produce a short paper constructed around the livelihoods framework describing different scenarios for people’s lives with the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

December 2001

Appendix E: webliography of recent research and findings relevant to sustainable livelihoods & HIV/AIDS
Despite some path breaking work in the early 1990s (Barnett and Blaikie) - and initiatives from the FAO, UNDP and the EU that have sought to look at the impact of HIV on various aspects of development - most research has been small-scale and focused on the impact on rural communities.
Additionally much published work and on-going research focuses on the health issues rather than thinking about the broader livelihoods focus: Policies and priorities in all aspects of livelihoods need to factor in the impact of HIV/AIDS, and support strategies for coping with the epidemic.
HIV/AIDS is also frequently perceived as an ‘African’ problem. We have included some references that illustrate the impact of HIV more globally, and illustrate approaches that are relevant to the wider HIV epidemic.
It is impossible – given the huge amount of available material and the high rate of web publishing – to be exhaustive, so we have focused on key and relevant, recent material.
Some Key HIV Themes, and key information sources

Age -related

Rural population ageing in poorer countries: possible implications for rural development (includes comment on impact of HIV/AIDS on labour supply and effects on the aged): 2001; FAO http://www.fao.org./sd/wpdirect/pe0501a_en.htm
AIDS and older people www.unaids.org/bestpractice/digest/files/older.html


Rural children living in Farm Systems Affected by HIV/AIDS: some issues for the rights of the child on the basis of FAO studies in Africa: 1998; du Guerny FAO http://www.fao.org./sd/wpdirect/wpan0026.htm
In Focus: Focus on Young Adults January 2001 www.pathfind.org/IN%20FOCUS/jan_2001.htm (10 pages)

This article examines the potential of efforts to improve the economic circumstances of youth through a groups of activities known as the `youth livelihoods approach’ to help stem the spread of HIV/AIDs. The youth livelihoods approach comprises a broad and interrelated set of programmes and policies that include:

Giving youth salaried jobs and other opportunities to earn an income

Providing credit, savings and other financial services and related training in job and business skills

Developing institutions, alliances and networks for oyuth to advance their economic interests; and

Promoting policy and social changes that improve young people’s livelihood prospects.
The United Nation’s Children’s Fund (UNICEF) tracks global issues facing children, including the effects of AIDS on young children http://www.unicef.org/

Community-based response

Many case studies will be found on NGO/GO websites, such as OXFAM, Save the Children Fund, CARE and ActionAid, as well as among the `best practice’ cases given on the UNAIDS website and the various email listings of HIV/AIDS information.
Nurturing a community-based response: 1999; ActionAid
Mae Chan Workshop on Integrated Community mobilisation towards effective multisectoral HIV/AIDS prevention and care: 2001; UNDP South East Asia HIV & Development Project http://www.hiv-development.org/publications/Mae-Chan-Workshop.asp

Communication/ Information Technology

Forthcoming JSIUK/DFID Sexual & Reproductive Health Resource Centre Guidance Note email:info@jsiuk.com
FAO Communication for development initiative – many resources and materials at www.fao.org/sd
New Challenges and Opportunities? Communication for HIV and Development Jacques du Guerny, Lee-Nah Hsu -UNDP South-East Asia HIV and Development Project, February 2001


Forthcoming DFID Social Development Department/JSIUK/DFID Sexual & Reproductive Health Resource Centre Guidance Note: email:info@jsiuk.com
Gender, HIV & Human Rights – A Training Manual: Bala Nath 2000; UNFPA/UNIFEM/UNAIDS
Gender Issues & women at work- a comprehensive guide to new and recent books, research and resources: 2001 ILO www.ilo.org/publns
Population & Gender in rural societies from the perspective of FAO’s Population Programme: 2000; FAO http://www.fao.org./sd/wpdirect/wpre0128.htm
The gender paradigm shift: 2000; EU HIV/AIDS Programme in Developing Countries, http://europe.eu.int/comm/development/aids/html/n10601.htm
Human Rights
Opinion: HIV/AIDS rights are human rights: Koch 2000: EU HIV/AIDS Programme in Developing Countries, http://europe.eu.int/comm/development/aids/html/n10603.htm

Labour /Employment

HIV/AIDS: A threat to decent work, productivity and development: 2000; International Labour Office, Geneva http:// www.ilo.org/

HIV/AIDS and employment: N’Daba & Hodges 1998; ILO

The Business Response to HIV/AIDS: Innovation & Partnership: 1997; UNAIDS Best Practice Collection http://www.unaids.org/

AIDS devastating rural labour force in Africa: 2001 AEGIS http://www.hivnet.ch:8000/africa/af-aids/viewR?1027
`Impact of HIV/AIDS on the African Labour Force’ ILO East African Multidisciplinary Advisory Team African Employment Report 1995 www.ilo.org/public/english/region/afpro/addisabba/papers/1997/aer/ch3.htm

This report reviews the ramifications of HIV/AIDS for the workforce in the formal and informal sectors of urban economies as well as rural locations. Includes sections on `women’s economic vulnerability’ and `HIV/AIDS and labour migration’. The report comments on complexity of many people’s livelihoods, split between rural and urban settings as well as informal and formal employment.

This site contains information regarding the International Labour Organisation (ILO) discussion of HIV/AIDS and the world of work http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/trav/aids/index.htm
The International AIDS Economic Network (IAEN) provides data, tools and analysis on the economics of HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment in developing countries, for compassionate, cost-effective responses to the global epidemic http://www.iaen.org/
The Policy Project has prepared a set of studies on the economic impact of AIDS in 23 African countries as well as an overview paper for Africa. You can download any of these studies by clicking on the appropriate name in http://www.tfgi.com

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