James monroe



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JAMES MONROE

MANUSCRIPT DOCUMENT – March 30, 2009


COMPILED BY CYNTHIA N.


  1. MONROE, JAMES [Richmond] [June 16, 1791]

[To Henry Tazewell Esq.] [LWS 178] 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 558 – 559.



    • Notes that he has been appointed by the Executive to the board “in the room of Mr. Pendleton” for revising the laws of the state. Says he has accepted the position. Feels it proper that he and the recipient meet to discuss the mode of operating and their prospective duties. Notes that he leaves town on Saturday and will be glad to meet with the recipient before that time at the convenience of the recipient.

    • The envelope is addressed to “The Honable [sic] Henry Tazewell




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Richmond] [June 2, 1792]

[To Henry Tazewell Esq.] [LWS 178] 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36:560 -561.



    • Says he has been on his way home for about ten days. Notes that he was informed by Mr. Jones that the Commissioners

[? abbreviated Comrs.] of Revision met sometime during the [illegible] for the purpose of completing the trust imposed in them. Says that he will thank the recipient for information on the point, as he intends to attend the meeting. Wonders if he can, “with propriety” delay his arrival until the 15th or later since the journey and other circumstances will delay him for some time. Asks the recipient to address him immediately at Ablemarle.

    • The envelope is addressed to “The Honable [sic] Henry Tazewell, Esq., near Williamsburg”.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [location unknown] [June 6, 1794]

[To Henry Tazewell] [LWS 169] 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 566 – 567.



    • Says that the recipient will have heard of his appointment to France, an event that was only known to be in contemplation with the “Ex:” the day before it took place. Says his first intimation was when Mr. M. told him the President desired information about whether Monroe would move.



    • (No. 3 continued)

    • Says he believes Mr. Madison will be mentioned as willing to act, but on that point will write recipient later.

    • Notes that he sails from Bal. [Baltimore?] and will set out for it on the next Wednesday.

    • Says that [illegible] was charged with “peculation of publick money and was [illegible]”. Notes that Mr. King of [illegible] has withdrawn, and the British are driven from [illegible].

    • The envelope is addressed to “The Honable [sic] Henry Tazewell, Williamsburg, Virginia”.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Philadelphia] [June 10, 1794]

[To John Nicholson, Esq.] [LWS 2050] 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 568 – 569.



    • Asks the recipient if he may pay him the sum that he owes him after he arrives in France. Says that he could pay it now, but it would be more convenient to pay it then with a draft upon himself or upon J. Maury of Liverpool, in whose hands he will have deposited a sum to answer it by September or October. Says that he wants to consider the recipient’s convenience, since the recipient has already been most accommodating to him. He notes that he will be leaving town the next day, and awaits a reply.

    • The envelope is addressed to “John Nicholson, Esq.”




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Chesapeake Bay] [June 22, 179?]

[Recipient unknown] [LWS 169] 2 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 570-572.



    • Says that he wished he could have visited Virginia and made it part of his route, but that the time taken to qualify for his mission, and to arrange his private affairs made it impossible. Notes that he is now in the bay, opposite Hampton, and that the letter will be taken by the pilot to Baltimore and forwarded from there by post.

    • Says that the recipient will probably be surprised that a person of Monroe’s politics should have been sent to the French republic. Says that until the proposition was made to him by the President, through Mr. Randolph, he thought he was one of the last men in the community to whom the proposition would be made. Notes that he consulted with his friends and that he has accepted the post and is now on his way.

    • [The lower right corner of the page is missing. He seems to refer to a replacement for himself in the Senate.] Ends the letter by saying that he doesn’t know if the recipient will remain where he is or whether he will embark on the “political theater”.



    • (No. 5 continued)

    • The envelope is addressed to “The Honorable [illegible], Williamsburg, Virginia”.



  1. MONROE, JAMES [Paris] [March 11, 1795]

[To Madame De la Fayette]

[LWS 481] 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 573-574.


    • The letter is written in French. The envelope is addressed to: Madame De la Fayette.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [location unknown] [July 27, 1795]

[To the Commissary of Foreign Relations] [LWS 2050]

1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 575-576.


    • Says he recently presented a letter to the Committee of [illegible] requesting the aid of this republic in favor of negotiation with Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, but has received no answer. Asks that the recipient mention the subject to the committee and provide him with an answer.

    • Says that it will require 2 voyages to Algiers, the first to [illegible], and the second to carry the [illegible]. Notes that the season is already greatly advanced, and that it is important to the United States to make an early decision. He further states that many arrangements pertaining to the funds must be made once the decision is reached. Notes that we have many prisoners at Algiers who are exposed to the ravages of the plague that annually visits that place. He also notes that Mr. Humphreys, the Minister in Lisbon, has been waiting for news of the decision for a month now.

    • Asks that the recipient bring this information to the attention of the Committee in the hopes that they might find a moment to attend to the affairs of their ally in a concern which interests the cause of humanity.

    • The envelope is addressed to: “To the Commissary of Foreign Relations, respecting Algiers, 27 July 1795”. [The foregoing was written in a different hand.] On the side of the envelope is written: “Mr. [illegible] will immediately copy and [illegible] this to Mr. [illegible] of Foreign Affairs.”




  1. MONROE, JAMES [location unknown] [date unknown]

[recipient unknown] [LWS 2049] 2 pp.

Microfilm 36: 577-578.





    • (No. 8 continued)

    • Says he has received the favor of [illegible] and notes that “Mr. Davis, the American Consul at Hamburg has so far forgotten the duties of his office and to which the intimate connection and amity

    • (No. 8 continued)

    • which [illegible] our two governments should have made him the more attentive”, since he is granting passports to English subjects whereby they are admitted as American citizens, to accept the employment of English or any other power at war with you [the recipient]. Says that he will immediately communicate the recipient’s note to the government he represents, and that such conduct will receive the concern it merits.

    • Explains that since our government has consulates in many European countries and that we often have consulates in countries where no American citizens reside, that it is sometimes necessary to appoint an inhabitant of that country. Notes that was the case in the present circumstances.

    • Notes that he doesn’t grant passports to anyone who doesn’t have documentation to prove their American citizenship. Says that he is convinced that there is not one person living in France with an American passport who is not entitled to it.

    • Says he is sending a list of all persons who were granted a passport since his last return. Says that this may not be an accurate return of those now living in Paris, and he has asked his countrymen to rendezvous at his office to investigate them so that a correct one may be made and forwarded to the recipient. [The rest of the page is missing.]




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Richmond] [March 28, 1801]

[General Ira Allen] [LWS 2050] 2 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 595-597.



    • Says that he received the recipient’s letter, and that on the advice of the council of State he is authorizing recipient to purchase arms at New York, providing the quality is approved and that “suitable accommodation is given in the payments”. Says someone will be sent in a few days to inspect the arms, and that based on that report, the executive will determine the price they will be willing to pay for them.

    • Notes that until that contract is concluded, it would be unusual to advance any money. However, since he has confidence in the honor of the recipient, and expects a contract to be formed, he will advance $300.00.


    • (No. 9 continued)

    • Says that the agent will call on the recipient for instructions to the person who acts for him at New York.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Richmond] [June 14, 1801]

[James Madison, as evidenced in the closing line, sending regards to Mrs. Madison] [LWS 2048] 2 pp.

Microfilm 36: 598-599.



    • Says that the day after his last letter to recipient, he saw Mr. Randolph and communicated the contents of the paragraph intended for Mr. Randolph. Says that Mr. Randolph will communicate with recipient. Monroe asked Mr. Randolph to confer with the late marshal to see if he would pay Callender the fine remitted him under the late order of Treasury Department, which he undertook through Wickham intimating he had had a variance with him. Two days later Mr. Randolph called to give an account of his negotiation, communicated to Monroe through Mr. Jones. Mr. Randolph stated that although the late Mr. C. [sic] was absent, he would not refund the fine. Stated that Mr. R. [sic] was under the impression that his namesake acted by the advice of someone who wished to turn the incident to the advantage of the party.

    • Monroe states that a plan has been set in place for the relief of Callendar, which they hope will be successful. Says the plan is being directed by Mr. Pleasants, who has shown it to Mr. Callendar, and obtained his sanction of it.

    • Notes that the abolition of the mission to Batavia and Portugal was proper. Says that we have as much need for ministers to the Princes of the Empire as for either of those powers. Says they were the offspring of the “day of our folly, and that it was natural when the [illegible] went off that we should get rid of them”. Says that since his return home he has had no communication with [illegible], and can therefore say nothing of the views of his government relative to the Floridas and Louisiana, other than references that occurred while he was there. Notes that his impression of their views on the subject is contained on page 378 of his publication. He assumes the arrangements were made in the time of the former administrator.

    • He sends his regards to Mrs. Madison.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [location unknown] [July, 1802]

[an indenture] [LWS 168] 3 pp.

Microfilm 36: 600-602




    • (No. 11 continued)

    • An indenture between James Monroe of Albemarle County, Virginia and [blanked out]. States that Monroe is indebted to the Bank of the United States at Norfolk for the sum of [illegible] thousand dollars, and that Littleton Waller Tazewell and [illegible] are responsible by the endorsement of Monroe’s note, on which note deposited in the bank, the said sum was advanced.

    • Said it was the desire of Monroe to indemnify and receive the said Littleton Waller Tazewell and [blanked out] against all loss or injury, which might result from the default of Monroe to pay the money to the bank. This indenture further witnesses that in consideration of the promises and of the further sum of five shillings, the receipt of which is acknowledged, that the said Monroe grants, bargains and sells unto the said [blanked out] the parcel of land lying in the county of Loudon on Little River, about 12 miles from Leesburg, containing 1200 acres, being Monroe’s proposition of a much larger tract bought by him and Joseph Jones in 1794 of Charles Carter of Stafford.

    • In case Monroe shall fail to pay the before-mentioned sum of [illegible] thousand dollars to the bank according to the terms of his engagement, by reason whereof the said Littleton Waller Tazewell and [blanked out] become responsible for the same, and the said [blanked out] shall, on the request of Tazewell, sell and dispose of at public auction at The Eagle Tavern in Richmond, with 10 days notice of sale being given, the said tract of land. The money arising from the sale would be applied to the debt, for which the said Tazewell and [blanked out] shall be answerable by virtue of this endorsement, and that [blanked out] shall pay to Monroe all the residue of whatever money should arise from the sale. Says that after the debt is paid, this indenture would be void. Notes that Monroe agrees to deliver whatever deeds and titles are necessary to the sale, and that he would defend the claim.

    • The indenture is signed by: James Monroe, Thomas [illegible, possibly Cotton], John [Corke?], and Elkanah Talley.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [London] [September 18, 1803]

[recipient unknown] [LWS 168] 3 pp. and an envelope.

Microfilm 36: 603-606.



    • Notes that Mr. Merry will call at Norfolk on his way to Washington, and that he is minister of G.B. [probably Great Britain] to the United States, and that he will present the recipient with this letter. Notes that he is well disposed toward our country.


    • (No. 12 continued)

    • Feels that he will try to preserve the good relations between the two countries. Says that he told Mr. Merry that recipient should be at Norfolk. [portions of the document are missing]

    • Notes that he sent all the money he could before he left to be applied to payment in part of what he owes the bank, $1500 one time and $500 another, and requested Mr. Madison to send him a small sum to be applied to the interest coming due.

    • Says he gave directions for the sale of some lands near Charlottesville and in [illegible].

    • Notes that he asked of the banker “a longer indulgence” than had at first been promised, and to endorse recipient’s notes to that effect. Says that he still has confidence in furnishing the amount from his funds at home, but hopes that the bank will grant the delay. Says he is concerned for the trouble he gives the recipient and their friend, Col. Nevison, but should the bank make any difficulty about the extension, or should the recipient or Col. Nevison find the extension difficult for their own affairs, that he will answer the draft whenever presented. [portion of the letter is missing]. Notes that he would rather obtain the extension from the banks and from his friends at home, but not at the expense of any inconvenience to them.

    • Notes that since his arrival in Europe he has not written to any of his friends in any part of the U. States [sic], “from considerations I cannot properly enter into”. Says that the nature of the trust reposed in him is made peculiarly delicate by a variety of causes and has made him cautious. Says he would have liked to have written to many friends with interesting details, but feels he should save them for more tranquil times. He would never want to write anything that could prove injurious to his country.

    • He sends his regards to Mrs. [illegible], who, he understands, has made the recipient a father.

    • He adds a postscript that notes that he would do anything he could for the recipient or Col. Nevison.

    • The envelope is inscribed: Jas. Monroe, Sept. 18, 1803.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [London] [September 25, 1804]

[Littleton Waller Tazewell] [LWS 168] 3 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 607-610.



    • Says that the failure of his agent in Virginia to sell any of his property leaves him in the same state in which he was 12 months ago, without funds in London, but able to command them on loan in case the bank becomes uneasy or the recipient needs the money



    • (No. 13 continued)

    • for his growing family. Says that if the recipient needs to draw on him that he should divide the sum into two bills and “make them payable at 60 days sight”. In case of his absence, the bills should be sent to John H. Purviance, the Secretary of the Legation, who will see that the bills are drawn at 1, 2, or 3 months, if possible.

    • Says that he mentions the resource so that recipient can be sure of having his bills paid, but that he would prefer to retain the term with the bank, if possible. Says he has written to Major Lewis, his agent in Albemarle, to send the patents for the land he has for sale to an acquaintance in Hamburg, where he thinks they may be easily sold, or at least will raise the money that he owes. Says he has no doubt of being able to pay the debt within the next year, as his crops will be applied to that object. Says that he doesn’t want the recipient to make any sacrifices himself in this affair, and asks that he communicate the same to their friend Col. Nevison.

    • Notes that the letter will be committed to Capt. Sargeant of Petersburg, to whom he hopes to refer the recipient for political intelligence, and feels him to be an impartial observer. Says that our relation to this country [Great Britain] is a friendly one, and that our commerce is little interrupted. Notes that one aspect has been condemned since the commencement of the war. Says that “the affair of impressments is the chief cause of complaint on our side, which I find it difficult to arrange in a manner satisfactory to both parties”.

    • Says that he mentions above the possibility of his being momentarily absent, and that arises from his having received orders to go to Spain on a special mission shortly.

    • Adds a postscript that Mr. Foster [illegible] of the British Legation accompanies Mr. Sargeant, to whom he has written a line of introduction to you.

    • Asks that the recipient mention nothing of what he has written of a political nature. Offers to render service in the

    • procurement of books for the recipient or Col. Nevison.

    • The envelope is inscribed: Littleton Waller Tazewell, Norfolk, [illegible] by Mr. Sargeant. James Monroe, 25th Sept., 1805 [the letter itself is dated 1804].




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Madrid] [January 27, 1805]

[Recipient unknown] [LWS 168] 3 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 611-614



    • Says that the recipient’s letter informing him that the notes left with the recipient for the “preservation of my credit with the bank



    • (No. 14 continued)

    • of Norfolk was exhausted” didn’t reach him until he was in Paris. Says he had intended to bring the letter with him to Bordeaux so that he could draw the notes necessary, but he left the letter behind in Paris because of his hasty departure.

    • Says that when he returns to Paris, or if a copy of the form can be sent him by Mrs. Monroe, who he left with Mr. Shipworth in the country near St. Germain, he will send them to the recipient. In the interim, he will rely on the recipient’s friendship, and that of Col. Nevison, for the deficit, noting that the recipient’s draft for the amount owed would be presented if necessary.

    • Says he was informed by Mr. Purviance [sp.?] that Mr. Rennolds [sic], who takes charge of Monroe’s interests in London, undertook a task for the recipient that Monroe would have undertaken had he been there. Says that if there is any other task he could undertake for the recipient or his lady, or Col. Nevison and his lady, in Paris or in London, that he and Mrs. Monroe would be glad to do it, and that it wouldn’t be necessary for the recipient or Col. Nevison to send any money for anything that they wanted.

    • Says that he brought his family with him from London, and had intended to leave his daughter with Madame Campan at St. Germain, and to have brought Mrs. Monroe and their young child to Madrid, but that the fatigue of the journey and the danger of the disorders raging in certain parts of Spain convinced him to leave them behind with Mr. Shipworth at his house near St. Germain. Says he doesn’t know how long he’ll be detained there, or the result of the business that brought him there.

    • Says the manner of his reception was satisfactory and that he would work with Mr. Pinckney to place the relations of the two countries on the friendliest footing.

    • The envelope is inscribed: James Monroe, January 27, 1805.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Madrid] [May 26, 1805]

[To Mr. Tazewell] [LWS 179] 1 page and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 615-616



    • Says that their negotiations with this government [Spain] have failed owing to their indisposition to meet on just ground. Notes that he is about to set for Paris and then for London, and if nothing prevents him, to go back to the United States immediately afterwards.

    • Says he in enclosing, by Capt. [illegible], some notes to be used for him with the bank. Says that he left his family in the country near St. Germain with Mr. Shipworth, and that he has been separated



    • (No. 15 continued)

    • from them for 6 months. Says that he sends his best regards to Col. Nevison and other friends.

    • The envelope is inscribed: James Monroe, 26 May 1805.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [London] [November 25, 1805]

[Recipient unknown, but probably Mr. Tazewell] [LWS 170] 3 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 617-620.



    • Says that he sent the recipient a letter by Capt. Dalton from Madrid, and that while he was confident that Capt. Dalton carried out the mission, he was anxious because of the nature of the papers he included, as they were necessary to the object being attended to for Monroe by the recipient and Col. Nevison.

    • Says that he had desired to return to the United States in the autumn, having had the permission of the President to do so, after his mission in Spain was concluded. Says that he had been entrusted by our government with topics of importance relating to Spain, topics that had been entered into before his trip there, but left unfinished. Notes that he came by London in order to conclude them. Says that just after he arrived some of our [illegible] had been seized and some condemned, on a principle which had been disavowed by our government. The principle “turns on the commerce which a neutral power may have of right, in war, with the colonies of an enemy of Gr. Britain, and in the productions of those colonies with the [illegible] or other country”.

    • Says that the decision of the court of appeals in the case of The Essex was followed by the Admiralty, and curtailed the rights of our country. Says he made it his duty to take up

    • the subject and pursue it. Says he doesn’t know what position this government [London] will take. Says that on our part we feel that they have no right to molest us in any commerce with enemies’ colonies, which the parent country allows. Feels that “Gr. Britain has nothing to do with our commerce with colonies which she has not conquered, except in case of blockade”. Great Britain feels that we have no right to any “commerce with such colonies in war, which we had not in peace”. Says that the claims of Great Britain are well illustrated in a report that he sent to the recipient in the Fall.

    • Says that the claim of the neutrals has not been addressed in any published treatise, and feels that the government is trying to establish its doctrine about that.


    • (No. 16 continued)

    • Says that the season is now unfavorable, and he will be detained until the end of July or longer. Says it never was his desire to remain long in Europe, and that he has extended his stay beyond the term at first contemplated.

    • Says that he presumes the recipient is well informed about what happened in Spain. Notes that his correspondence is exposed at sea, and that he can’t write of anything of a delicate nature to his friends. Says that “I flatter myself that they are satisfied that in the trusts which have been confided to me, I have failed in nothing which I owed to my country, to their good opinion or to my own reputation”. Says that he longs to return to his circle of friends. Notes that the present plan is to sail with his family to Norfolk in July on a ship commanded by Captain Tomkins.

    • Says that if the recipient or Col. Nevison wants anything from this country, he should let Monroe know, and that Mrs. Monroe makes the same offer to their ladies. Says that he will sell many things of his before he leaves that he won’t need at home, and that will provide him with some money. Says that if the recipient’s letter comes in his absence, he has made arrangements for it to be attended to. Says that he should write to other friends, but asks the recipient to make apologies for him and to explain that his duties make it impossible.

    • The envelope is inscribed: James Monroe, 26 Nov. 1805.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Albemarle] [July 10, 1808]

[To Little W. Tazewell, Esq.] [LWS 168] 2 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 621-623.



    • Says that he set out today for the western country to attend to an interest that has been long neglected and that caused him to suffer in consequence. Says that he expects to return early in September. Says that if there is anything that he can get for the recipient or Col. Nivison, it would be his pleasure, and to address a letter to him in Lexington, and it should be sure to find him.

    • Says that when he returns, the recipient will hear from him on a subject that has been under the recipient’s friendly care. Says that he hopes to see him when he returns. Says that if the recipient would like to visit, he would be kindly received by Monroe’s family in his absence. Asks that the recipient meet him at Monroe’s home on the 10th of September.

    • The envelope is addressed to: Littleton W. Tazewell, Esq., Norfolk.



  1. MONROE, JAMES [Albemarle] [November 22, 1810]

[To Col. Monroe] [LWS 2048] 1 page, front and back.

Microfilm 36: 624-625.



    • Says that the state of his affairs has prevented him from discharging the balance owed to the recipient.

    • Notes that the expenses of his employment and the unproductiveness of his property have exposed him to missing repayments. Notes that he has been trying to discharge those payments since his return.

    • Says that he had hoped in his late visit to London to have sold his land, and thus to discharge his debts. Says that the land could not have been sold without a “ruinous sacrifice”. Says that when he gets his wheat to Richmond, he will be able to discharge the recipient’s claim, and feels that he can do so in the next month. Says that he hopes to pay it by the 10th.

    • The back of the page is inscribed: Col. Monroe, Ablemarle, Va.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Washington] [October 16, 1813]

[George W. Campbell] [LWS 2047] 2 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 626-628.



    • Says that he received a letter from Mr. Grundy notifying him that the recipient’s state had voted him an additional 3500 men to be employed against the hostile [illegible], and that

the expectation of the men is that they would be taken into “the service and pay of the UStates [sic]”. Says that the President has considered the subject and has decided to give his sanction to the measure. Notes that he has answered Mr. Grundy letter to that effect, but in case he is not at Nashville, he is writing the same news to the recipient. Asks that the recipient notify the Governor that he will write him an official letter in a few days.

    • States that “our wavering policy respecting E. Florida has brought on it all the mischief that usually attends such counsels”. Hopes that they shall profit from the terrible lesson given them at Fort Mims.

    • Says that when the recipient left him, he paid a visit to his farm in Virginia, from which he returned on the 12th with Mrs. Monroe.

    • The envelope is inscribed: “The Honorable George W. Campbell, Nashville, Tennessee”, and “Honorable Jas. Monroe, Washington, 16 Oct. 1813, Rec’d 29th October 1813”.



  1. MONROE, JAMES [Department of State] [June 6, 1814]

[Recipient unknown] [LWS 2046] 2 pp.

Microfilm 36: 629-630.



    • Says that the enclosed papers, whose authenticity is beyond a doubt, show an arrangement between Admiral Cockburn and Mr. Gobert for drawing a vast sum in specie from the United States.

    • Notes that the success of the project would shake the foundation on which our banks rest, and our paper credit, and would obtain for the British government an article that would be of great advantage to it in its military operations against the United States and elsewhere.

    • States that Mr. Gobert’s act is highly criminal, and that he is at present on board the Admiral’s ship in the Chesapeake. Asks the recipient to arrest him if he lands and comes within the recipient’s reach so that he may be prosecuted according to law. Notes that the originals of the incriminating papers are in Monroe’s office and will show Mr. Gobert’s participation in the criminal transaction.

    • After Monroe’s signature, the name “Alex. I. Dallas, Esq., Attorney of the U.S. for the Dist. Of Penns”.

    • A postscript notes that should any packets be sent to Mrs. Gobert at the post office of Philadelphia, it would be desirable for their contents to be known “with a view to the development of Gobert’s treasonable machinations”. Asks the recipient to make arrangements with the postmaster there for forwarding all such to the office of the Dept. of State.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Department of War] [November 14, 1814]

[To Governor Simon Snyder, Governor of Pennsylvania] [LWS 2048] 2 pp. and an envelope.

Microfilm 36: 631-633.



    • Says he understands from a communication from General [illegible] and Mr. Roberts that compliance with a requisition for 4000 militia from Pennsylvania would cause much inconvenience and embarrassment. Notes that it is probably that there would be a delay in the expedition by Lord Hill and that the state of affairs in Europe might prevent a prosecution of this district, so the recipient’s orders for carrying the plan into effect might be [illegible].

    • Notes that the patriotic spirit of the citizens of Pennsylvania in the late emergency may be relied upon should a new danger occur, for the supply of any force that may be required.



    • (No. 21 continued)

    • The envelope is inscribed: Nov. 14, 1814, From James Monroe, Esq., Secretary at War, to Governor Snyder, countermanding the orders for march of 4000 militia from Pennsylvania into Maryland.




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Department of War] [February 13, 1815]

[To Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky] [LWS 2046] 2 pp. and one envelope.

Microfilm 36: 634-636.



    • Says that on the 31st, he enclosed a copy of the act authorizing the President to accept state corps and volunteers. In addition to the state troops mentioned, they propose to raise 3 regiments of volunteers in Kentucky, and ask the Governor to help in the matter, and feels that his knowledge of men’s characters will help them to select regimental and company officers. Notes that his recommendations will be approved by the President.

    • Says that it would be desirable for the men to be engaged for the longest period provided under law, but that they would be accepted for a single campaign or for the active part of a campaign. States that an effort will be made to place all those who volunteer for two years or during the war on the same footing as to pay and bounty as the regular troops. Their pay would not commence until they have raised a certain number and until they are recognized by the President. Notes that he would like to hear from the Governor about this and about the state corps as soon as possible.

    • Notes that “it is high time that this lingering defensive war should assume another character”, and that an effort should be made to bring the war to an end. Says that it is believed that forces drawn to the regular army from the states will aid in the effort to bring the war to an honorable termination. Feels that the zeal and patriotism of the people will help accomplish this, since they will be supported by the general government and the executives of the several states.

    • States that he has promised command of one of these regiments to [illegible] of the House of Representatives. He also promised appointments in the regiments to Mr. Montgomery and Mr. Duvall, possibly as Lieut. Colonels. He has also promised Col. Geo. Walker an appointment as Inspector General.

    • The envelope is inscribed: “Letter from the Sec’ty of War, Feb. 13, 1815. Rec’d 27th same month. Three Regm. Volunteers.”




  1. MONROE, JAMES [Washington] [March 26, 1815]

[To Littleton W. Tazewell] [LWS 4699] 2 pp. and 1 envelope.

Microfilm 36: 637-639.





    • (No. 23 continued)

    • Says that the allegation in his letter to our minister at Ghent was founded on a communication from [illegible] Zucker, with an affidavit of [illegible] Williams, and on other evidence.

    • Says that a shameful traffic was carried on in the W. Indies by the first of our [illegible] taken by British forces, and it has excited great feeling in England. The ministry has decided on an inquiry into it, and notes that he lately received a letter from Admiral Cochrane, asking on what grounds Monroe made his statement. Notes that Admiral Cochrane wants Monroe to be confined only to the evidence furnished our ministers, saying that it was very defective, getting rid of the charge with credit to themselves and discredit to us.

    • States that he has no doubt of the worth of the fact and that the practice was carried on to a great extent. Feels that the evidence should be turned against their government to injure it as much as possible. Feels that it is important to prove the facts, and feels that the recipient will be able to aid in collecting evidence.

    • Says that the letter will be delivered by Mr. [illegible], a respectable gentleman, who goes to Williamsburg and Norfolk to collect such evidence. Says that he wants it done quietly, without attracting notice. Says that he will write further on the topic, but that the purpose of this letter is to introduce the recipient to Mr. [illegible].
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