It would be an irony of fate if my administration had to deal chiefly with foreign affairs
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President Woodrow Wilson &
Entry into WWI At the beginning of his term President Woodrow Wilson once remarked, “It would be an irony of fate if my administration had to deal chiefly with foreign affairs.”
Wilson was a _____________.
Believed in black and white: Definite right or wrong
Used what he called _______________________________
Brought a moral tone to the Monroe Doctrine
Said U.S. had a _______________________ to deny recognition of any Latin American government that it viewed as oppressive, undemocratic, or hostile to _______________ Interests
Once said “I’m going to teach the people of Latin America to elect good men.”
THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION
_______________________ dictator (Diaz) was overthrown 1911 and the country became run by Huerta
Wilson refused to recognize Huerta’s government
Wilson almost went to war with Mexico in 1914 (invaded and set up troops)
Huerta’s government collapsed in 1915 & Wilson withdrew U.S. troops & recognized the new government
He believed that the world could be changed for the better with the right _______________________________.
Entry into WWI (The Great War)
Factors leading to the War in Europe ________________
Extreme pride in one’s country & the perception that your country is should be the best at everything & has a right to certain things
On the rise worldwide
On the rise do to industrialization and nationalism
A celebration of military strength
Countries showing there strength around the world
Countries desiring to expand their empires and take what’s “due to them”
are a great world power, why shouldn’t they take what they want?
The building up of military strength & a willingness to use military force
On the rise because of nationalism & imperialism
“If we want to expand, we are going to expand, even if that means war, & we’ve got to build up our military so no one can keep us from expanding.”
Countries had secret agreements with one another
They basically said, “If someone attacks you, we’ll declare war on them and fight with you.”
France, Great Britain, & Russia (Allies) VS Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, & the Ottoman Empire (Central Powers)
So when a kerfuffle broke out in Europe in 1914 all of Europe erupted in war
So did their _________________ all over the world—hence the term WORLD WAR
“Those immoral Europeans, when will they ever get it together?”
Americans did not want to get involved —____________________
“It’s not our fight; It’s not our war.”
Wilson won re-election in 1916 on the campaign slogan “he kept us out of war.”
Factors leading to U.S. involvement
_______________—Remember What’s guiding U.S. foreign policy—PROTECT AMERICAN FINANCIAL INTERESTS around the world!
The U.S. had been loaning money to the Allies throughout the war
We wanted to make sure that they won so we could get _________
Germans Threatening U.S.
The British Navy would not allow any shipments to make it into Germany
Germans could not get food from outside, so people started to starve
Germany’s Response was to surround Great Britain with U-boats (submarines) and keep ships out of Britain
1915 Sunk the Lusitanian—The Titanic’s sister ship—128 Americans Died
Germany was using U-Boats to attack ships
This of course had to do with Money
But also nationalism—American Pride
“We’re not at war with anyone, so we have a right to ship our goods to whomever we’d like!”
A Telegram from the Germany to Mexico
Intercepted by the British
Said that If Mexico would go to war with the U.S. Germany would back Mexico & help them gain back all their lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, & Arizona
1917-When the Czar of Russia (an oppressive dictator) was overthrown & replaced by a Representative Government, the U.S. could now claim this was a war of Democracies VS brutal monarchies
Wilson wanted to reform Europe
He wanted to end alliances and spread democracy
He saw it as a moral obligation
However, he knew that he could never have a say in shaping post-war Europe, if America didn’t fight in the war
With this, Wilson could no longer stay out of the conflict.
Arpril 2, 1917 Wilson delivered a war Resolution, which was passed by congress a few days later.
SOME THINGS TO NOTE:
The U.S. came in at the ______ of the war.
Contrary to popular belief we did not win the war for the allies. The allies were going to win
We shortened it by 6 months or so. (U.S. collective memory says… “ WE saved France. TWICE!”)
The reasons the Wilson gave for going to war had to do with solving the _______________ of Europe.
Wilson didn’t want to just go help our economic allies
He wanted to ________________________ of Europe
He’d be a Hero
Wilson knew that if the US wanted to be involved in the peace of the war it would have to be involved in the fighting
The reasons he gave, he called his __________________.
These were the goals he would pursue once the fighting was over.
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