It would be an irony of fate if my administration had to deal chiefly with foreign affairs



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President Woodrow Wilson & Entry into WWI
At the beginning of his term President Woodrow Wilson once remarked, “It would be an irony of fate if my administration had to deal chiefly with foreign affairs.”


      • Foreign Policy

  • Wilson was a _____________.

    1. Believed in black and white: Definite right or wrong

  • Used what he called _______________________________

    1. Brought a moral tone to the Monroe Doctrine

    2. Said U.S. had a _______________________ to deny recognition of any Latin American government that it viewed as oppressive, undemocratic, or hostile to _______________ Interests

    3. Once said “I’m going to teach the people of Latin America to elect good men.”

      • THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION

        • _______________________ dictator (Diaz) was overthrown 1911 and the country became run by Huerta

        • Wilson refused to recognize Huerta’s government

        • Wilson almost went to war with Mexico in 1914 (invaded and set up troops)

        • Huerta’s government collapsed in 1915 & Wilson withdrew U.S. troops & recognized the new government

      • He believed that the world could be changed for the better with the right _______________________________.

      • Entry into WWI (The Great War)

  • Factors leading to the War in Europe ________________

    1. ___________________________

      • Extreme pride in one’s country & the perception that your country is should be the best at everything & has a right to certain things

      • On the rise worldwide

    2. ___________________________

      • On the rise do to industrialization and nationalism

      • A celebration of military strength

      • Countries showing there strength around the world

      • Countries desiring to expand their empires and take what’s “due to them”

      • They are a great world power, why shouldn’t they take what they want?

    3. ___________________________

      • The building up of military strength & a willingness to use military force

      • On the rise because of nationalism & imperialism

      • “If we want to expand, we are going to expand, even if that means war, & we’ve got to build up our military so no one can keep us from expanding.”

    4. ___________________________

      • Countries had secret agreements with one another

      • They basically said, “If someone attacks you, we’ll declare war on them and fight with you.”

        • France, Great Britain, & Russia (Allies) VS Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, & the Ottoman Empire (Central Powers)

      • So when a kerfuffle broke out in Europe in 1914 all of Europe erupted in war

      • So did their _________________ all over the world—hence the term WORLD WAR

  • America’s Response

    1. “Those immoral Europeans, when will they ever get it together?”

    2. Americans did not want to get involved—____________________

      • “It’s not our fight; It’s not our war.”

      • Wilson won re-election in 1916 on the campaign slogan “he kept us out of war.”

  • Factors leading to U.S. involvement

    1. _______________—Remember What’s guiding U.S. foreign policy—PROTECT AMERICAN FINANCIAL INTERESTS around the world!

      • The U.S. had been loaning money to the Allies throughout the war

      • We wanted to make sure that they won so we could get _________

      • Germans Threatening U.S. _____________

        • British Blockade

          • The British Navy would not allow any shipments to make it into Germany

          • Germans could not get food from outside, so people started to starve

          • Germany’s Response was to surround Great Britain with U-boats (submarines) and keep ships out of Britain

            • 1915 Sunk the Lusitanian—The Titanic’s sister ship—128 Americans Died

        • Germany was using U-Boats to attack ships

        • This of course had to do with Money

        • But also nationalism—American Pride

          • “We’re not at war with anyone, so we have a right to ship our goods to whomever we’d like!”

    2. ________________________________

      • A Telegram from the Germany to Mexico

      • Intercepted by the British

      • Said that If Mexico would go to war with the U.S. Germany would back Mexico & help them gain back all their lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, & Arizona

    3. ________________________________

      • 1917-When the Czar of Russia (an oppressive dictator) was overthrown & replaced by a Representative Government, the U.S. could now claim this was a war of Democracies VS brutal monarchies

    4. ________________________________

      • Wilson wanted to reform Europe

      • He wanted to end alliances and spread democracy

      • He saw it as a moral obligation

      • However, he knew that he could never have a say in shaping post-war Europe, if America didn’t fight in the war




  • With this, Wilson could no longer stay out of the conflict.

    1. Arpril 2, 1917 Wilson delivered a war Resolution, which was passed by congress a few days later.

SOME THINGS TO NOTE:

  1. The U.S. came in at the ______ of the war.

    1. Contrary to popular belief we did not win the war for the allies. The allies were going to win

      1. We shortened it by 6 months or so. (U.S. collective memory says… “WE saved France. TWICE!”)

  2. The reasons the Wilson gave for going to war had to do with solving the _______________ of Europe.

    1. Wilson didn’t want to just go help our economic allies

      1. He wanted to ________________________ of Europe

        1. Mission Ideal

        2. He’d be a Hero

    2. Wilson knew that if the US wanted to be involved in the peace of the war it would have to be involved in the fighting

    3. The reasons he gave, he called his __________________.

      1. These were the goals he would pursue once the fighting was over.


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