Islamic Civilization Review Sheet



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Islamic Civilization Review Sheet

Essential Questions:


  • What are the defining features of Islam as a belief system? What are its origins?

  • How is Islam similar and different from the other Abrahamic religions?

  • What are the different sects of Islam and how did these sects influence the development of the Islamic world?

  • How and why did Islam spread so rapidly throughout Asia and North Africa? (Be able to compare and contrast Islam’s spread to different regions such as India, Anatolia, West Africa, and Spain)

  • Describe life under the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphates, and explain their rise and decline

  • What were the roles of women in Islamic society, and how did this role change over time?

  • How did the Islamic empire promote cultural diffusion?

  • What were the intellectual achievements of Islamic scholars?


Key Vocabulary / Terms:


Abbasid caliphate

Abu Bakar

Caliph

Five Pillars



Hadiths

Hajj


Madrassa

Quran


Jihad

Kaaba


Mecca

Muhammad


Sunni

Shiite


Sufi

Sharia


Sikhism

Turks


Ulama

Umayyad caliphate

Umma




European Middle Ages Review Sheet

  1. Essential Questions

    1. What duties and responsibilities guided people’s lives in medieval Europe?

    2. What roles did individuals play in the medieval feudal systems?

    3. How did manorialism provide for people’s basic economic needs?

    • What roles did the Roman Catholic Church play in medieval society?

    • What were the PERSIA+G features of medieval Europe?



  1. Essential Vocabulary, Terms, and People

  • Black death

  • Charlemagne

  • Chivalry

  • Clovis

  • Crusades

  • Feudal

  • Gothic

  • Guilds

  • Hundred-years war

  • Magna Carta

  • Manorialism




  • Medieval

  • Monasteries

  • Parliaments

  • Plague

  • Pope

  • Secular

  • Serf

  • Three-field system

  • Three estates

  • Vassals

  • Vikings






  1. Key Themes:

Political system = feudalism

Economic system = manorialism



Intellectual system = Christian church and monasteries

  • Germanic tribes overran Europe from about 400 to 700, ending Roman rule.

  • Medieval Europe was ruled by kings in cooperation with the Christian church.

  • Charlemagne was the most famous and powerful king in Medieval Europe.

  • The Christian church was not simply a religious institution, it also held great political, economic, and cultural power.

  • During the middle ages, the bubonic plague (or “black death”) killed about 1/3 of the European population.

  • For 200 years, Christians fought a series of religious wars known as the crusades in an attempt to reclaim Palestine/Jerusalem from Muslim rule. Although these wars led to terrible killing and destruction, they also fostered cultural diffusion between Europe and the wider world.

Tang/Song Dynasty Review Sheet

Readings:

  • Textbook

    • pages 267-270 (starting at “State and Religion")

    • page 273: “The Revival of Confucian Thought”

    • pages 279-280 “Family and Society in the Tang-Song Era” and “Neo-Confucian Assertion of Male Dominance”

  • Primary source document on Hangzhou: http://www.thhs.qc.edu/ourpages/auto/2012/4/24/49297083/hangzhou.pdf

  • Packet on Tang/Song China: http://www.thhs.qc.edu/ourpages/auto/2012/4/20/29055890/tang%20song%20china.pdf

Topics Covered

  1. China – isolated society or not?

    1. Geography

    2. Nomadic peoples

    3. Trade

  2. The reemergence of a bureaucratic state

  3. Treatment of women and the family structure in Tang & Song China

  4. Spread of Buddhism in China and review of other Chinese Belief systems

    1. Confucianism

    2. Buddhism

    3. Daoism

  5. China’s cultural advances and cosmopolitan cities - Hangzhou

  6. China’s influence in Asia

    1. Korea

    2. Vietnam

    3. Japan

    4. Eurasia

People / Terms / Vocabulary

  • Tang Dynasty

  • Song Dynasty

  • Empress Wu

  • Chan/Zen Buddhism

  • Pure Land Buddhism

  • Emperor Wuzong

  • Grand Canal

  • Hangzhou

  • Foot Binding

  • Movable Type Printing

  • Neo-Confucianism

  • Gunpowder

  • Compass

  • Junks


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