Cloning, is a process wherein one replicates the DNA of an organism and creates an organism, that is, physically and genetically similar to the original. This means you are recreating an organism from scratch. The first ever animal cloning gave rise to Dolly, the sheep. Scientists at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland, managed to clone a sheep called Dolly on February 22, 1997. They had taken a mammary cell from a sheep and inoculated it in an egg. This egg was allowed to grow into an embryo and this fused embryo was transplanted into an ewe. This sheep was an exact clone of the sheep whose mammary cell was extracted for making the clone.
This proves that cloning is possible and with advancements of the 21st century, it is very much possible that humans too can be cloned. This brings us to the question is cloning good? The medical fraternity is very happy regarding the prospects of cloning. Just imagine, if you could clone the vital organs of humans and use them for transplantation. Thus, human cloning benefits can help save lives of many people and keep loved ones safe and sound.
Scientists with their new found success with cloning organs can get bolder. Powerful people may fund their research and encourage them to clone a human. It won't come as a surprise that some of the dead children and relatives of these influential people are cloned. Maybe someone comes up with an innovative idea to mint money. They build up factories of human clones and mass produce them to harvest organs and rare blood types. These clones may turn out to be an inferior human race, that becomes a slave race to fulfill the medical needs of higher humans.
Human cloning would also help people who are suffering from infertility. They can just get themselves cloned and have a baby of their own. If you add a bit of genetic engineering, you will have designer babies that are exact copies of the parents with some additional talents and looks. People will be able to fulfill their desires that they lack and create a clone of themselves with all the extra qualities they would love to possess. Talented people like Leonardo da Vinci, Picasso, Beethoven can be cloned once again and they can carry forward their legacy of creativity for a whole new generation.
Not only humans, but plants and animals can be cloned as well. We have an example of Dolly, the sheep; there can be many more such animals man will be able to clone. Just like in Jurassic Park, they managed to get hold of a single strand of DNA and were able to create the entire species from the Lost World. Maybe we will be able to save tigers, whales, and other animals that are on the verge of extinction. What if scientists manage to bring back animal species that have already become extinct, like the dodo? Coming to cloning plants - crops that give more yields can be cloned and modified a bit by using genetic engineering. This will give rise to crops that contain more features than original plants and help overcome world food shortage. Plants can be cloned to produce more pest resistant varieties and those who can fix more atmospheric nitrogen. All these possibilities make cloning look like the need of the hour to help save not only the human race, but also plants and animals.
Is Cloning Bad? There is always the other side to a coin and with every blessing comes a curse. Let us look at the other side, where we will see the ill effects of cloning. Just imagine, you get your loved ones cloned but something goes horribly wrong. These clones are affected by some kind of mutation and are disease prone. Would you like to see your loved ones suffer so much? What if the loving personality of your loved ones is no longer transferred into the clone? This clone is cold and deceitful making it very difficult for you to live with it.
There are many villains in society who would want to disrupt peace and order for their selfish motives. What if these people are able to get scientists to clone Hitler or someone who had a disruptive mind-set? These dangerous leaders would come alive and with weapons of mass destruction available today unleash hell on us. Cloning humans will never let the population on earth attain balance. This will lead to depletion of natural resources, places to live and put stress on the ecosystem. This would lead to more fights between people and countries for precious resources like water, coal and food to sustain life.
When people are able to clone themselves and get babies, who would like to have a partner? The entire process of giving life will become obsolete with more and more career oriented people opting for the easy way out - cloning. With genetic engineering in humans, an entire new race of higher minds will be created. Those born the normal way will find it very difficult to match the clones who are genetically modified to have better brains and beauty.
It may so happen that clones are prone to more types of genetic disorders and infections. These clones may have a grotesque appearance due to some mutation within their genes. They may be taller than normal, like giants, or may have an extra pair of limbs, you never know!
But what if scientists manage to create the perfect being?
For example, the clones have none of the negative traits of the original human and is perfect. It has the best physical features, the highest IQ possible, maybe even have more physical stamina than the normal human. Wouldn't you develop an inferiority complex if your own clone was better than you? Would you like to live with such a perfect being who overshadows an average human? For some time, one may be in awe of the perfect clone, but then, soon you will become vary of the clone. Imperfections is what makes a human, a human.
Developing long-lost animals or plants may have a different impact on wildlife. The long departed may have a negative impact on the ones present and could create a tug of war within the animal and plant community. I am sure you would not like to encounter a saber toothed tiger on your next Safari trip or have a T-Rex trying to make you his next meal.
Is Cloning Humans Good or Bad? With all the views put forth in the above paragraphs, it makes one wonder if cloning would be a worthwhile initiative. Many religious and political views lock their horns with the medical fraternity regarding the pros and cons of cloning. It is a question of taking God's power in our own hands and creating life from an existing life. You may be able to help people who can't reproduce naturally but may create an individual who may forever search for his identity. He will not be like the parent and society will see him as a replica of the parent. This will create ruckus in the life of the clone who will not be able to come to terms with his own desires and that of the parent.
Cloning to some extent is good. You can clone organs and blood tissues to save lives. But cloning humans for harvesting human organs is a bad idea. Cloning super babies with abilities beyond one's imagination will only create more problems. Most of the time there are many risks of cloning involved. Clones with defects die during birth or in the early stages of life. Few who may survive will live a life full of defects. Till scientists are not able to clone the perfect human, you will have many defective clones living a life of hell.
It may be illegal and unethical today to clone humans but no one knows what the future holds. The future can give birth to clones who are either a boon or a bane to human race. So whether we will choose to become God or remain humans, is something that only time will tell.
Make an observation (claim) either for or against cloning humans.
Find evidence in the article that supports your claim.
Analyze the evidence and show how the evidence you chose proves your claim.
Was Victor right or wrong in creating a human? Explain.