Introduction World Regional Geography Multiple Choice Geographic Perspectives



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Introduction

World Regional Geography
Multiple Choice
Geographic Perspectives
1. Geography is united by a perspective common to all its fields. This perspective is the _____ perspective.

A. temporal B. institutional *C. spatial

D. functional E. sexual
Realms and Regions
 2. A classification system is known as a:

A. spatial *B. taxonomy C. hierarchy

D. phylum E. none of the above
 3. The area around a city is known as its:

A. formal B. functional *C. hinterland

D. core E. relative location
 4. In regional geography, relative location:

*A. is more meaningful and practical than absolute location

B. refers to the latitude of a place

C. refers to the longitudinal position of a point on the earth's surface

D. a and b above

E. all of the above


 5. A region arranged around a central urban core is known as a:

A. one-variable formal region B. multivariable formal region

*C. functional region D. corn belt E. primate region
 6. A functional region:

*A. includes a core of activity and the surrounding hinterland

B. is defined on the basis of some variable, such as the area where corn is grown

C. is located in Italy and served with spaghetti sauce

D. is found in and around Romania

E. is the same as a homogeneous region

 7. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. Regions marked by internal homogeneity are classified as formal regions.

B. Regions conceptualized as “spatial systems” are collectively identified as functional regions.

C. A country likely constitutes a political region because within its boundaries certain conditions of nationality, law and political tradition prevail.

*D. Functional regions are generally more static and immobile than formal regions.

E. Functional regions are the same as nodal regions.


 8. The difference between “formal” and “functional” regions is:

*A. the nature of the unifying properties: static homogeneity vs. functional cohesion

B. the area involved: formal areas are very large, while functional areas are smaller

C. the formal region is urban in nature, the functional region is rural

D. the age of the regions: the functional region is normally much older than the formal region

E. the formal region characterizes the non-Western world, the functional region is typically European or North American


 9. All regions have all of the following except:

*A. homogeneity B. area C. location

D. boundaries E. regions have all of the above
Regions at Scale
10. Which cartographic device, when deployed on a map, will tell you its scale?

A. point symbol B. legend *C. representative fraction

D. map projection E. latitude
11. A large scale map shows:

*A. a small area B. a large area

C. there is no relationship between the scale on a map and the size of the area shown

D. an unbalanced area E. a great deal of weight


12. The ratio of distance on a map to actual ground distance is known as:

A. the map legend *B. a map scale C. a point symbol

D. A or B above E. a functional region
13. Which of the following statements concerning map scale is false?

A. The fractional scale 1:1,000,000 means one inch on the map represents one million inches

on the ground.

B. If the linear scale of a map is twice another, its areal representation is four times larger.

C. To represent a large area on a small map, a small scale is used.

D. Larger scale maps allow for greater detail in depicting regions and subregions.

*E. A map with the fractional scale 1:103,000,000 has a larger scale than one of 1:1,000,000.
14. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. Absolute location refers to the referencing of a location via a grid system.

B. A culture realm is sometimes referred to as a “culture world.”

*C. The smaller the representative fraction the larger the scale of the map.

D. Culture realms may consist of multiple culture regions.

E. All of the above are correct.


The Physical Setting
15. Wegener's supercontinent is known as:

A. tectonic B. desertification C. Eurasia

*D. Pangaea E. none of the above
16. Complicating the possibility of global warming is the possibility of:

A. plate collisions B. volcanoes C. earthquakes

D. hurricanes *E. glaciation
17. Water covers about _____ % of the Earth's surface.

*A. 70 B. 50 C. 10

D. 90 E. 5
18. The process by which water circulates from the oceans to the landmasses is known as:

*A. hydrologic cycle B. evapotranspiration C. precipitation distribution

D. water systems E. none of the above
19. The process by which water returns to the atmosphere is known as:

A. hydrologic cycle *B. evapotranspiration C. precipitation distribution

D. water systems E. none of the above
20. Which of the following statements is true?

A. Desertification occurs only in the eastern hemisphere.

B. Deserts are found on the eastern sides of the continents.

*C. Rainfall is least dependable in the drier portions of the world.

D. Wegener is responsible for the theory of climatic regions.

E. All of the above are false.


21. In the eastern hemisphere, the mountain chains generally run in a(n) direction.

*A. east-west B. north-south C. north-west

D. west-north E. polar
22. Which of the following statements about “A” climates is incorrect?

A. They are referred to as humid equatorial climates.

B. They are characterized by heavy precipitation and high year-round temperatures.

*C. In the Af climate, precipitation rates increase suddenly due to the arrival of the monsoons.

D. The Aw subtype is identified as savanna.

E. All of the above are correct.

23. Rainfall patterns in humid tropical (A) climates are characterized by all but:

A. substantial precipitation every month, year-round, in the Af (rainforest) subtype

B. a sudden increase in rainfall resulting from the arrival of the monsoon in the Am (monsoon) subtype

C. a “double maximum” sometimes involving “long rains” and “short rains” in the savanna (Aw) subtype

D. the specter of hunger in savanna areas because of comparatively infertile soils and unreliable

seasonal precipitation

*E. principally nighttime rainfall in rainforest (Af) areas, reducing evapotranspiration
24. Savanna environments belong to the general climate type known as:

*A. humid equatorial B. humid cold C. humid temperate

D. dry E. polar
25. Which of the following environmental types is grouped with the B climates?

A. savanna B. tundra *C. steppe

D. rainforest E. polar
26. The Mediterranean climate is classified under which of the following Köppen Geiger letters?

*A. C B. H C. R

D. B E. M
27. Which of the following statements about “B” climate is incorrect?

*A. B climates only occur in the low latitudes.

B. B climates may be broken into BW (true desert) and BS (semiarid steppe) subtypes.

C. A pervasive characteristic of the world’s dry areas is an enormous daily temperature range.

D. An example of an area exhibiting the BW climate type is the central Sahara.

E. B climates occur in Australia.


28. Which of the following statements about “D” climates is incorrect?

A. They are sometimes referred to as “snow climates.”

B. They are most frequently found within the interior of large landmasses.

*C. D climates are more common in the Southern Hemisphere than the Northern Hemisphere.

D. Some of the world's most productive soils are found in areas with D climates.

E. Parts of the northeastern United States have a D climate.


29. The prevailing climatic type in the southeastern United States, Western Europe, southern Brazil and northern Argentina, south coastal South Africa and Australia, eastern China and southern Japan is the mid-latitude or:

*A. humid temperate B. semiarid moderate C. humid cold

D. dry winter subtropical E. dry summer savanna
Regions and Cultures
30. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

*A. Most cultural traits are inherited.

B. Religion, politics and legal institutions are all components of culture.

C. Culture includes all forms of human behavior.

D. The composite of human imprints on the earth's surface is called the “cultural landscape.”

E. All of the above are correct.


31. Which statement below best characterizes the concept of culture?

A. A civilized pattern of behavior, including an appreciation of serious music and good food.

*B. Learned patterns of thought and behavior characteristic of a population or society.

C. An expression of the artistic qualities in a nation, such as painting and other fine arts.

D. A combination of habits relating to the human body, including washing, eating methods,

and cleanliness.

E. None of the above are related to the concept of culture.
Realms of Population
32. Which of the following is not one of the world’s three largest population concentrations?

A. South Asia B. Europe *C. eastern Africa

D. East Asia
33. Which of the following major rivers is not associated with one of the world’s great population clusters?

*A. Mississippi B. Huang (Yellow) C. Indus

D. Ganges E. Chang Jiang
34. Which of the following statements is incorrect?

A. Although China and India have tremendously large populations, both countries still have

extensive areas nearly devoid of permanent population.

*B. More than one-fourth of the world’s population presently resides in India.

C. Megalopolis includes all cities in the U.S. urban complex from Boston to Washington.

D. The two largest population clusters are shrinking.

E. All of the above are correct.
35. The large cluster of population in the northeastern United States is known as:

A. metropolitan *B. megalopolis C. a transition zone

D. a cartogram E. the San-San corridor

36. In 1999, more than ____ percent of the world’s population lived in urban areas.

*A. 40 B. 60 C. 15

D. 10 E. 90


37. A map which uses a special transformation so that the areas of states reflect population size is called a(n):

*A. cartogram B. iconography C. subduction

D. dot map E. state model
Realms, Regions, and States
38. The system used in the United States to divide land is known as the:

A. European state model *B. Township and Range system

C. Megalopolis D. cartograms E. urbanized areas
39. States first began to develop:

*A. in areas where cities could begin to command their hinterlands

B. in open areas between empires

C. on the eastern seaboard of the United States

D. in geographic realms

E. in areas where boundaries had already been drawn by royal decree


40. The European state model includes all of the following except:

A. a clearly and legally defined territory

B. a population governed from a capital city

C. a representative government

*D. a high level of urbanization
Patterns of Development
41. The second world:

A. is comprised of UDCs only

B. is comprised of the poorest countries

C. is the capitalist world

D. contains countries considered by the World Bank to be candidates for economic slow down

*E. is the socialist world


42. The World Bank divides the world into four groups. Which of the following is not one of those groups?

A. high income countries B. upper middle income countries

C. lower middle income countries

D. low income countries *E. urbanized countries




The Regional Framework
43. Which of the following is not contained within the European realm?

A. The Alps B. Scandinavia C. Iceland

*D. the old Russian portion of the Soviet Union E. England
44. Which of the following countries constitutes a geographic realm in its entirety?

A. Australia B. India *C. Russia

D. United States E. Africa
45. The islands of the Caribbean Sea belong to which of the following realms:

A. North America *B. Middle America C. South America

D. Subsaharan Africa E. Europe
46. Which of the following regions is not located in the Southwest Asia/North Africa realm?

A. the Middle East *B. the Ganges Valley C. the Sahara Desert

D. the Maghreb E. Egypt
47. Indochina is a part of:

A. the South Asian realm *B. mainland Southeast Asia

C. China's territory acquired since World War II D. Polynesia

E. India
48. Micronesia and Melanesia:

A. are two subregions of Black Africa

B. exhibit a high degree of culture uniformity

C. belong to the same geographic realm as Japan and Korea

*D. consist of island rather than continental territory

E. are located in the Indian Ocean
Global Interaction
49. The gradual reduction of regional contrasts resulting from increasing cultural, economic, political, and other types of exchanges is known as:

A. regional disparities B. cores C. peripheries

D. advantages *E. globalization
50. Iconography is:

A. a feature of globalization *B. special unifying symbols and traditions of a region C. a cartographic technique D. the opposite of the spatial perspective E. representative of the central business district throughout the world




The Perspective of Geography
51. Which of the following is a systematic subfield of geography?

A. regional geography B. cartography C. anthropology

*D. urban geography E. sociology
52. The two perspectives on geography are:

A. regional and global B. cartography and statistics C. urban and rural

*D. regional and systematic E. right and left

_________________________________________________________

Introduction

World Regional Geography



True-False
Geographic Perspectives
 1. Geography is concerned with providing a spatial perspective on the world. (T)
Realms and Regions
 2. A classification system is known as a taxonomy. (T)
 3. Transition zones mark the place where geographic realms meet. (T)
 4. A region marked by homogeneity is known as a formal region. (T)
 5. Besides location, a region must also have area. (T)
 6. A region need not possess the geographic property of location. (F)
 7. Relative location has less relevance in geography than absolute location. (F)
 8. A region arranged around a central urban core is known as a functional region. (T)
Regions at Scale
 9. Map scale is the ratio of the distance between two places on a map and the actual distance between those two places on the Earth’s surface. (T)
10. A small scale map shows a large area. (T)
The Physical Setting
11. Alfred Wegener developed the hypothesis of continental drift. (T)
12. Pangaea is the name of Wegener’s supercontinent. (T)
13. Deserts are found on the western sides of the continents. (T)
14. The D climates are humid cold climates. (T)


15. More than 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is ocean. (T)
16. In the Köppen Geiger scheme, the world's drier climates are largely grouped under the letter A. (F)
17. In general, the eastern coasts of continents in tropical and mid-latitude zones receive relatively high precipitation. (T)
18. Highland (H) climates closely resemble the cold polar (E) climates. (T)
Regions and Cultures
19. Culture is totally genetically predetermined; it is completely instinctive. (F)
20. Carl O. Sauer developed a school of cultural geography that had the concept of cultural landscape as its focus. (T)
21. A cultural landscape consists of a composite of human imprints on the surface of the Earth. (T)
Realms of Population
22. Megalopolis is a multi-metropolitan agglomeration in the eastern United States. (T)
23. The world’s population is now almost 4 billion in total size, and is expected to be about 4.2 billion by the year 2010. (F)
24. Southeast Asia does not rank among the world’s four largest population agglomerations. (T)


  1. The great majority of the people of East Asia are concentrated in the great cities including Beijing (Peking) and Shanghai. (F)

26. The three largest population agglomerations in the world today all lie on a single landmass: Eurasia. (T)


27. More than 50 percent of the world’s population now resides in urban areas. (F)
Realms, Regions, and States
28. The European state model is gaining ground in the aftermath of the collapsed colonial and communist empires. (T)
29. A state constitutes a political region. (T)


Patterns of Development
30. UDC refers to underdeveloped countries. (T)
31. In UDCs, families spend a large portion of their income on food. (T)
32. First world countries are capitalist countries. (T)
33. The gap between advantaged and disadvantaged states in the world is growing. (T)
34. Colonies were places from which European powers obtained raw materials and to which they sold finished products. (T)
The Regional Framework
35. Middle and South America together are sometimes called “Latin” America. (T)
36. The islands of the Caribbean Sea belong to the South American realm. (F)
37. Australia is included as part of the same region as Indonesia because of the cultural similarities. (F)
38. The Subsaharan African realm includes the entire continent of Africa. (F)
Matching
39. A type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomena (A)

40. The dissolving and downward transport of soil nutrients by percolating water (C)

41. Poor, have-not, or disadvantaged countries (D)

42. A type of region marked by movement in or out of a node (B)

43. The “language” of geography (E)
A. formal

B. functional

C. leaching

D. UDCs


E. maps

44. India (B)

45. China (E)

46. World’s largest country in area (A)

47. Caribbean islands (D)

48. Muslim culture (C)


A. Russia

B. South Asia

C. Southwest Asia/North Africa

D. Middle America



E. East Asia

Fill Ins
49. The ___________ region, also known as the nodal region, is marked not by an internal sameness, but by its dynamic internal structuring. (Functional)
50. Uniform cultural regions characterized by internal homogeneity are classified as _____ regions. (Formal)
51. The ratio of distance on a map to actual ground distance is known as that map’s ______. (Scale)
52. Desert and steppe climates belong to the Köppen Geiger class included under the letter ______. (B)
53. The world’s population is approximately _____ billion in size. (6)
54. The realm consisting of two of the largest urbanized and industrialized countries is ___. (North America)
55. The largest country in population size of the South Asian realm is ______. (India)
56. The art and science of making and interpreting maps is called _________. (Cartography)



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