Introduction to Public Health: Table of Contents Prologue: Public Health in the News 2



Download 44.86 Kb.
Date conversion25.05.2016
Size44.86 Kb.

Introduction to Public Health: Table of Contents


Prologue: Public Health in the News 2

Part I. What Is Public Health? 2

Chapter 1. Public Health: Science, Politics, and Prevention 2

Chapter 2. Why Is Public Health Controversial? 2

Chapter 3. Powers and Responsibilities of Government 2

Part II. Analytical Methods of Public Health 2

Chapter 4. Epidemiology: The Basic Science of Public Health 2

Chapter 5. Epidemiologic Principles and Methods 2

Chapter 6. Problems and Limits of Epidemiology 2

Chapter 7. Statistics: Making Sense of Uncertainty 2

Chapter 8. The Role of Data in Public Health 2

Part III. Biomedical Basis of Public Health 3

Chapter 9. The “Conquest” of Infectious Diseases 3

Chapter 10. The Resurgence of Infectious Diseases 3

Chapter 11. The Biomedical Basis of Chronic Diseases 3

Chapter 12. Genetic Diseases and Other Inborn Errors 3

Part IV. Social and Behavioral Factors in Health 3

Chapter 13. Do People Choose Their Own Health? 3

Chapter 14. How Psychosocial Factors Affect Health Behavior 3

Chapter 15. Public Health Enemy Number One: Tobacco 3

Chapter 16. Public Health Enemy Number Two and Growing: Poor Diet and Physical Inactivity 4

Chapter 17. Injuries Are Not Accidents 4

Chapter 18. Maternal and Child Health as a Social Problem 4

Part V. Environmental Issues in Public Health 4

Chapter 19. A Clean Environment: The Basis of Public Health 4

Chapter 20. Clean Air: Is it Safe to Breathe? 4

Chapter 21. Clean Water: A Limited Resource 4

Chapter 22. Solid and Hazardous Wastes: What to Do with the Garbage? 5

Chapter 23. Safe Food and Drugs: An Ongoing Regulatory Battle 5

Chapter 24. Population: The Ultimate Environmental Health Issue 5

Part VI. Medical Care and Public Health 5

Chapter 25. Is the Medical Care System a Public Health Issue? 5

Chapter 26. Why the U.S. Medical System Needs Reform 5

Chapter 27. Health Services Research: Finding What Works 5

Chapter 28. Public Health and the Aging Population 5

Part VII. The Future of Public Health 6

Chapter 29. Emergency Preparedness, Post-9/11 6

Chapter 30. Public Health in the Twenty-First Century: Achievements and Challenges 6

Glossary 6

Index 6




Prologue: Public Health in the News

Part I. What Is Public Health?

Chapter 1. Public Health: Science, Politics, and Prevention


What Is Public Health?

Public Health versus Medical Care

The Sciences of Public Health

Prevention and Intervention

Public Health and Terrorism

Chapter 2. Why Is Public Health Controversial?


Economic Impact

Individual Liberty

Moral and Religious Opposition

Political Interference with Science


Chapter 3. Powers and Responsibilities of Government


Federal versus State Authority

How the Law Works

How: Public Health Is Organized and Paid for in the United States

Local Public Health Agencies

State: Health Departments

Federal Agencies Involved with Public Health

Nongovernmental Role in Public Health

Part II. Analytical Methods of Public Health

Chapter 4. Epidemiology: The Basic Science of Public Health


How Epidemiology Works

A Typical Epidemiologic Investigation—Outbreak of Hepatitis

Legionnaires’ Disease

Eosinophilia-Myalgia Syndrome

Epidemiology and the Causes of Chronic Disease

Heart Disease

Lung Cancer

Chapter 5. Epidemiologic Principles and Methods


Kinds of Epidemiologic Studies

Intervention Studies

Cohort Studies

Case-Control Studies


Chapter 6. Problems and Limits of Epidemiology


Problems with Studying Humans

Sources of Error

Proving Cause and Effect

Epidemiologic Studies of Hormone Replacement Therapy—Confusing Results

Ethics in Epidemiology

Conflicts of Interest in Drug Trials


Chapter 7. Statistics: Making Sense of Uncertainty


The Uncertainty of Science

Probability

The Statistics of Screening Tests

Rates and Other Calculated Statistics

Risk Assessment and Risk Perception

Cost–Benefit Analysis and Other Evaluation Methods


Chapter 8. The Role of Data in Public Health


Vital Statistics

The Census

NCHS Surveys and Other Sources of Health Data

Is So Much Data Really Necessary?

Accuracy and Availability of Data

Confidentiality of Data


Part III. Biomedical Basis of Public Health

Chapter 9. The “Conquest” of Infectious Diseases


Infectious Agents

Means of Transmission

Chain of Infection

Rabies


Smallpox, Measles, and Polio

Fear of Vaccines


Chapter 10. The Resurgence of Infectious Diseases


The Biomedical Basis of AIDS

Other Emerging Viruses

Influenza

New Bacterial Threats

Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB)

Prions


Public Health Response to Emerging Infections

Public Health and the Threat of Bioterrorism


Chapter 11. The Biomedical Basis of Chronic Diseases


Cardiovascular Disease

Cancer


Diabetes

Other Chronic Diseases


Chapter 12. Genetic Diseases and Other Inborn Errors


Environmental Teratogens

Genetic Diseases

Genetic and Newborn Screening Programs

Genomic Medicine

Ethical Issues and Genetic Diseases

Part IV. Social and Behavioral Factors in Health

Chapter 13. Do People Choose Their Own Health?


Education

Regulation

Does Prohibition Work?

Chapter 14. How Psychosocial Factors Affect Health Behavior


Health of Minority Populations

Stress and Social Support

Psychological Models of Health Behavior

Ecological Model of Health Behavior

Health Promotion Programs

Changing the Environment


Chapter 15. Public Health Enemy Number One: Tobacco


Biomedical Basis of Smoking’s Harmful Effects

Historical Trends in Smoking and Health

Regulatory Restrictions on Smoking—New Focus on Environmental Tobacco Smoke

Advertising—Emphasis on Youth

Taxes as a Public Health Measure

California’s Tobacco Control Program

The Master Settlement Agreement (MSA)

FDA Regulation


Chapter 16. Public Health Enemy Number Two and Growing: Poor Diet and Physical Inactivity


Epidemiology of Obesity

Diet and Nutrition

Promoting Healthy Eating

Physical Activity and Health

How Much Exercise Is Enough, and How Much Do People Get?

Promoting Physical Activity

Confronting the Obesity Epidemic

Chapter 17. Injuries Are Not Accidents


Epidemiology of Injuries

Analyzing Injuries

Motor Vehicle Injuries

Pedestrians, Motorcyclists, and Bicyclists

Poisoning

Firearms Injuries

Occupational Injuries

Nonfatal Traumatic Brain Injuries

Tertiary Prevention

Chapter 18. Maternal and Child Health as a Social Problem


Maternal and Infant Mortality

Infant Mortality—Health Problem or Social Problem?

Preventing Infant Mortality

Congenital Malformations

Preterm Birth

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Family Planning and Prevention of Adolescent Pregnancy

Nutrition of Women and Children

Children’s Health and Safety

Part V. Environmental Issues in Public Health

Chapter 19. A Clean Environment: The Basis of Public Health


Role of Government in Environmental Health

Identification of Hazards

Pesticides and Industrial Chemicals

Occupational Exposures—Workers as Guinea Pigs

New Source of Pollution—Factory Farms

Setting Standards—How Safe Is Safe?

Risk–Benefit Analysis

Chapter 20. Clean Air: Is it Safe to Breathe?


Criteria Air Pollutants

Strategies for Meeting Standards

Indoor Air Quality

Global Effects of Air Pollution


Chapter 21. Clean Water: A Limited Resource


Clean Water Act

Safe Drinking Water

Dilemmas in Compliance

Is the Water Supply Running Out?


Chapter 22. Solid and Hazardous Wastes: What to Do with the Garbage?


Sanitary Landfills

Alternatives to Landfills

Hazardous Wastes

Coal Ash

Chapter 23. Safe Food and Drugs: An Ongoing Regulatory Battle


Causes of Foodborne Illness

Government Action to Prevent Foodborne Disease

Additives and Contaminants

Drugs and Cosmetics

Food and Drug Labeling and Advertising

Politics of the FDA


Chapter 24. Population: The Ultimate Environmental Health Issue


Public Health and Population Growth

Global Impact of Population Growth—Depletion of Resources

Global Impact of Population Growth—Climate Change

Dire Predictions and Fragile Hope


Part VI. Medical Care and Public Health

Chapter 25. Is the Medical Care System a Public Health Issue?


When Medical Care Is a Public Health Responsibility

The Conflict Between Public Health and the Medical Profession

Licensing and Regulation

Ethical and Legal Issues in Medical Care

Ethical Issues in Medical Resource Allocation

Chapter 26. Why the U.S. Medical System Needs Reform


Problems with Access

Why Do Costs Keep Rising?

Approaches to Controlling Medical Costs

Managed Care and Beyond

Rationing

Chapter 27. Health Services Research: Finding What Works


Reasons for Practice Variations

The Field of Dreams Effect

Outcomes Research

Quality


Medical Care Report Cards

Inequities in Medical Care

The Relative Importance of Medical Care for Public Health

Chapter 28. Public Health and the Aging Population


The Aging of the Population—Trends

Health Status of the Older Population

General Approaches to Maximizing Health in Old Age

Preventing Disease and Disability in Old Age

Medications

Osteoporosis

Falls

Impairment of Vision and Hearing



Oral Health

Alzheimer’s and Other Dementias

Medical Costs of the Elderly

Proposals for Rationing


Part VII. The Future of Public Health

Chapter 29. Emergency Preparedness, Post-9/11


Types of Disasters and Public Health Responses

New York’s Response to the World Trade Center Attacks

Response to Hurricane Katrina

Principles of Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Bioterrorism Preparedness

Pandemic Flu


Chapter 30. Public Health in the Twenty-First Century: Achievements and Challenges


Challenges for the Twenty-First Century

Strategic Planning for Public Health

Dashed Hopes for the Integration of Public Health and Medical Practice

Information Technology

The Challenge of Biotechnology

The Ultimate Challenge to Public Health in the Twenty-First Century


Glossary

Index

Each Chapter ends with: Conclusion






The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page