Introduction: Please review



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Social 30-1

Fall 2015

Mrs. Adams

Due: October 23, 2015

Chapter 8: Contemporary Challenges to Liberalism



Days 1/2

Challenging Modern Liberalism
Introduction: Please review the main ideas that we have studied so far in this program:
Prior to the French Revolution most people in Europe lived under the rule of a select few people - royalty and the Church (i.e. - Feudal System). The majority of people lived in poverty and experienced very few freedoms. If they were born a peasant, they stayed a peasant and life was dictated to them from the King and the Church. This caused the French Revolution after which people experienced more freedoms and rights. From this came Classical Liberalism.
We have learned about the emergence of Classical Liberalism and its 5 principles, which are as follows:
i) individual rights and freedoms

ii) belief that humans are reasonable and can make their own decisions

iii) economic freedom

iv) protection of civil liberties

v) constitutional limits on government
From Classical Liberalism sprang various ideologies that modified the 5 principals of Classical Lioberalism some of which are:
Luddites

Chartists

Utopian Socialists

Scientific Socialism/ Marxism

Classical Conservatism
We looked at ideologies during the 20th century (1900’s) that rejected Classical Liberalism and the freedom of individuals. These ideologies include:
Communism

Fascism


Totalitarianism
Two weeks ago, we took a look at how modern Liberalism evolved based on the principals of Classical Liberalism. We examined life in the U.S.A. and Canada before and after World War 11 in order to see why changes needed to occur in the way the economy operated and how these changes reflected the principals of liberalism. As you will discover, businesses in the early 1900’s in the U.S.A. prospered; however, the workers suffered and there was very little government intervention. Sure people enjoyed economic freedom, religious freedoms, freedom of speech and the opportunity to choose where they lived and worked; however, for the majority of the population, working conditions were horrible and as you will discover corporations paid very little attention to the health of their employees and/or the environment. As long as they were making HUGE profits, life was good. The government eventually became more involved in the economy, which lead to modern Liberalism. The following chart illustrate this evolution:




Last week, we looked at what happens when ideologies clash in the example of the U.S.A. (liberalism) VS The Soviet Union (communism). These two countries never actually fought a military war, but they imposed their ideologies on other countries around the world and nearly brought the world to total destruction with their nuclear weapons production.
This week, we are going to look at groups of people within Liberal countries such as Canada that challenge the liberal ideology. While doing so you will try and determine if the challenges are justified or not. Let's begin....

Step One: Please read Chapter 8 (pages 272 – 296) in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology.

Step Two: Please complete the following assignment:
Formative Assessment Assignment


1. Please review "From Classical to Modern Liberalism" on page 275 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following questions:
Is Hayek’s point of view closer to classical liberalism or modern liberalism? Referring to the excerpt, how would you justify

your answer?

2. Please review pages 275 - 278 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following questions:
Compare and Contrast. The Chapter Issue asks you to consider the extent to which liberalism is continuing to evolve. To help you understand this evolution, compare and contrast how a classical liberal and a modern liberal might respond to the following scenarios:



Situation

Classical Liberalism Response

Modern Liberalism Response

Example: A young construction employee is injured while at work.

* government provides nothing for the worker

* employee's family will have to support him while he recovers



* govenment provides financial aid for the worker while he recovers (i.e. - Workers Compensation)

a) A family loses its home in a hurricane.

Please write how you think a Classical Liberal government would respond to this circumstance.





Please write how you think a Modern Liberal government would respond to this circumstance.

b) A young person from a low-income household cannot afford to go to university.

Please write how you think a Classical Liberal government would respond to this circumstance.

Please write how you think a Modern Liberal government would respond to this circumstance.

c) A corporation’s “glass ceiling” prevents women and visible minorities from reaching the highest levels of management.


Please write how you think a Classical Liberal government would respond to this circumstance.

Please write how you think a Modern Liberal government would respond to this circumstance.


3. Please review pages 280 - 281 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following question:
Imagine that an individual living near a manufacturing plant felt that the waste produced by the plant was adversely affecting his or her environment. How might an individual’sright to a clean environment conflict with the economic rights of the plant’s owner,or the rights of the plant’s employees?

4. Please review "Balancing Environment and Economics" on page 283 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following questions:

Does Deveshwar’s point of view reflect classical liberal or modern liberal ideology? Explain.

Should governments limit our individual freedom as consumers in society? Why or why not.

5. Please review pages 288 in your textbook, Perspectives on Ideology and answer the following questions:
To what extent should a government impose liberal principles on religious minority groups?


Days 3/4 Analyzing Alternative Thoughts that Motivate Opposition to Modern Liberalism
Summative Assessment
Step One: In this critical challenge, you will examine perspectives that offer alternatives to modern liberalism and determine the extent to which these perspectives offer viable alternatives to the principles and values of liberalism.
Please examine the following two images and video and read the supporting text. You will find that each features a protest against a principle of Modern Liberalism. For example, in the first image people are protesting against the absence of the Lord's Prayer in public schools. Modern Liberalism promotes secular (non-faith) polices and practices in publicly funded institutions because it is felt that since the public pays for buildings such as school through taxes, those attending should not have to be influenced by any particular religion.
Image #1




Image #2




Web Site Green Peace Protest on Oil Sands:
At the following web site, you will see people are protesting the development of Alberta oil sands. The feel that the oil companies are destroying the environment and that it should stop.
http://www.cbc.ca/player/Embedded-Only/ID/2306816837/
Step Two: After viewing these protests to some principles of Modern Liberalism, please think about the following questions:
Which principles of liberalism appear to prompt the greatest concern?

This questions means, which of the three examples, above, do you think prompts the greatest concern in regards to challenging modern Liberalism.



Why do various individuals and groups object to the principles of liberalism?

• How do advocates of liberal principles and values respond to such challenges?

This question means, how do groups opposing the protesters respond to these challenges. For example, how do people who don't want the Lord's Prayer in public schools, the people who want to practice Shariah Law and those involved in developing the oil sands respond to the protesters?


IMPORTANT: Because of such protests, governments often search for alternatives to Liberalism in order to maintain individual freedoms and ensure people's

human right are also respected.


Therefore, please pick ONE of the protests, above; research the challenge to Modern Liberalism in order to determine whether or not there is a justifiable alternative.
Completing the following chart will help you through this process:

Please see the example I have completed attached to this message - Projectsample.pdf.
Assessing Alternatives to Liberalism Alternatives: Please indicate the protest of your choice here.


Research the Protest:

In this box, please write brief point form notes on what you find out about the protest of your choice. For example, you will need to determine what the protesters are trying to accomplish and what they plan to offer as an alternative. For example, if you research people who want to bring the Lord's Prayer back into public building, try and find out how they plan to do so and what is being done, so far. Also, determine the reaction of those who respond to the protesters.


Once you have finished your brief research and analyzing chart, please respond to the following criteria question, accordingly, and provide supporting details for your choice of answer.


Criteria

Supporting Details

Feasibility
Are these alternative ideas possible and workable?
Would it be practical to implement these ideas?

Evaluation: This alternative is… (pick one):

Not feasible Somewhat feasible Very feasible


Effectiveness
Will these ideas address perceived problems and shortcomings of liberalism?
Will these ideas produce desirable results?


Evaluation: This alternative is… (check one):

Not effective Somewhat effective Very effective



Sustainability
To what extent will these ideas be supported?
Will these ideas work over the long term?

Evaluation: This alternative is… (check one):

Not sustainable Somewhat sustainable

Very sustainable



Step Three: Create a visual of an alternative to liberalism
Using the information, above, please create a visual representation. IMPORTANT: Please see the example I have attached to this message to to help guide you.
You may use a web, mind map or collage. The visual should include background information about the chosen alternative as well as information on the criteria.

Due: October 23, 2015 please submit to Mrs. Adams by 3:30 on October 23


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