Tells the story of the Greek hero Odysseus, and his arrival to Aiaia.
Functions as a foundational story in western society.
Can function as a myth (not rooted in the actual world), fiction (legend), epic (often a poem, a poem that tells a story), long narrative, teleological (point A to B; pretty linear about it’s structure), a long journey, character as heroes.
Odysseus fears being unmanned. Why does he fear being unmanned? Distraction, vulnerable, weakness/strength. We need to think about what the men do while they are there, these men indulge in pleasure when they should be indulging in their actual journey to getting home.
Circe: Lovely hair, her powerful heritage (daughter of Helios), delicate and powerful and graceful. Her representation structured the way femininity has been brought to social culture. A powerful socercerous who uses food to turn humans into animals, and worse they keep their mind as humans while their bodies form to animal.
Motivation – power, enjoys using her power, revenge, entertainment, she keeps them on the island for company and for amusement, maybe she was looking for someone who can match her strength or power, maybe she’s looking for reversal roles (men vs. women). A symbol of luxury and wontedness.
Meta-narrative – a story about storytelling, it makes comments on storytelling, as the digression, is it commenting on the nature of storytelling.
The point of this m-n poem, is that the men get home. Circe is a danger because she represents transformation (which can be dangerous to those who hold power), and the fact that she is a digression, she prevents the men to continue in their goal to go back home.