Intertextualities en 1002 Summer 2010 Cheryl Crawford

Download 11.34 Kb.
Date conversion30.05.2016
Size11.34 Kb.

EN 1002 – Summer 2010 – Cheryl Crawford

Lecture 3 – Foundation Stories – June 29

  • Made not in particular about the binary structure or the dichotomy that comes to light when we read those two texts.

  • The way that Genesis is focused around light and dark.

  • King has a disturbing of the hierarchy because we are told that they are both placed there.

  • We become more rationalized when we read King.

  • Animals participating in their naming which moves away the hierarchy from man to animal.

  • Evening viewed as an Indian person.

  • Kings retelling of the myth is playful not insulting.

  • Kings is a retelling of the myth but it uses the intertextuality from the Christian myth and also from Indian myths.

Foundation Stories: Circe and Odysseus

  • Has to do with the way that the dichotomy is brought from male to female: a socially constructed binary.

  • We will focus on representation of women in foundational stories.

  • If you change the foundational stories, you change the society.

  • Tells the story of the Greek hero Odysseus, and his arrival to Aiaia.

  • Functions as a foundational story in western society.

  • Can function as a myth (not rooted in the actual world), fiction (legend), epic (often a poem, a poem that tells a story), long narrative, teleological (point A to B; pretty linear about it’s structure), a long journey, character as heroes.

  • Epic:

  • He is often celebrated for his cunning.

  • The ‘goddess’ like Eve, she is tempting them with food and an appeal to the body.

  • Circe’s power is the power to transform [into animals, primarily].

  • The way that that is represented in this story as something very dangerous and very threatening to Odysseus and his men.

  • Odysseus is the only one that is able to resist her power, and she is attracted by that.

  • He is able to resist because another god gives him a herb to be able to resist Circe.

  • Who is telling the story? Odysseus is narrating his own story. The person who gets to tell the story is the person who has power to change/over the story.

  • The hero himself gets to tell the story.

  • Repetition: oral story, used to create meaning.

  • Odysseus fears being unmanned. Why does he fear being unmanned? Distraction, vulnerable, weakness/strength. We need to think about what the men do while they are there, these men indulge in pleasure when they should be indulging in their actual journey to getting home.

  • Representation of women – either a virgin and maternal figure or in contrast, the whore. In some weird way they can participate in both.

  • Since Odysseus is telling the story, and he is representing the characters, how is he representing the other characters;

    • Circe: Lovely hair, her powerful heritage (daughter of Helios), delicate and powerful and graceful. Her representation structured the way femininity has been brought to social culture. A powerful socercerous who uses food to turn humans into animals, and worse they keep their mind as humans while their bodies form to animal.

      • Motivation – power, enjoys using her power, revenge, entertainment, she keeps them on the island for company and for amusement, maybe she was looking for someone who can match her strength or power, maybe she’s looking for reversal roles (men vs. women). A symbol of luxury and wontedness.

  • Meta-narrative – a story about storytelling, it makes comments on storytelling, as the digression, is it commenting on the nature of storytelling.

  • The point of this m-n poem, is that the men get home. Circe is a danger because she represents transformation (which can be dangerous to those who hold power), and the fact that she is a digression, she prevents the men to continue in their goal to go back home.

  • Desire = stasis.

  • She represents a different type of narrative.

  • Her singing also lures the men, while she’s singing she is weaving.

  • Circe is a story telling or designer, and this is where we can relocate her danger.

  • Stories can be dangerous, especially stories that can challenge the single stories.

  • She’s redeemed when her behaviour enables men to continue on their journey.

Principles of Composition: Paragraphs

Kinds of Paragraphs

  • Introductory

  • Concluding

  • Transitional

  • Body

The Three Requirements of Effective Paragraphs

  • Unity

  • Coherence

  • Emphasis


  • Point (Topic sentence)

  • Proof (evidence from the texts)

  • Analysis (explains or justifies the significance of the evidence).

Function of Topic Sentences

  • It will refer to the subject of the essay and at least suggests the relation of the paragraph to that subject.

  • It will provide a transition so that the new paragraph flows smoothly.

Four Devices for Structural Coherence

  • Parallelism

  • Repetition

  • Pronouns and demonstrative adjectives.

  • Transitional words and phrases.


  • The balanced and deliberate repetition of identical grammatical structures (words, phrases, clauses) within a single sentence.

The database is protected by copyright © 2016
send message

    Main page