Complete the chart on the back by reading pages 43-56 in your textbook and using the information below.
500 A.D. = Kingdom of Ghana founded by Soninke people of West Africa. They use iron weapons to conquer neighbours equipped only with wooden weapons.
640-700s = Muslim Arabs conquer North Africa. Islam begins to spread to sub-Saharan kingdoms.
900s = Empire of Ghana, midway between Sahara slat mines and tropical gold mines, at its peak. Control of trade makes Ghana rich & powerful.
1000s = Ghana declines after ten years of invasion by Muslims from North Africa.
1235 = Kingdom of Mali established as Muslim state. Takes control of gold and salt trade throughout much of West Africa.
1300s = Timbuktu, in Mali, well established as center of Muslim scholarship. Draws students as far away as Rome & Greece.
1324 = Powerful Mail king Mansa Musa makes pilgrimage to holy city of Mecca in the Middle East. 50,000 people and 1,000 camels go with him -100 of which are loaded with gold. Europe’s attention is focused on Africa as source of great wealth.
1330s = Mansa Musa dies and local rulers break away from Mali empire.
1400s = Sons of king of city of Gao in Mali lead revolt and set up empire of Songhai. Songhai expands trade network to Europe and Southwest Asia.