6.H.1.3 Use primary and secondary sources to interpret various historical perspectives.
What led to the expansion of the Roman Empire, internal problems and its decline?
What makes a civilization great?
Create their own charts, graphs, and historical narratives to explain events or issues.
Establish a theme or point of historical document by determining the word for word, or literal meaning of the context.
Use different sources of information from multiple perspectives to understand a particular event or issue.
6.H.2 Understand the political, economic and/or social significance of historical events, issues, individuals and cultural groups.
6.H.2.1 Explain how invasions, conquests, and migrations affected various civilizations, societies and regions (e.g., Mongol invasion, The Crusades, the Peopling of the Americas and Alexander the Great).
6.H.2.2 Compare historical and contemporary events and issues to understand continuity and change
6.H.2.3 Explain how innovation and/or technology transformed civilizations, societies and regions over time (e.g., agricultural technology, weaponry, transportation and communication).
6.H.2.4 Explain the role that key historical figures and cultural groups had in transforming society (e.g., Mansa Musa, Confucius, Charlemagne and Qin Shi Huangdi).
How did economic/political factors impact societies and governments in Ancient Rome?
Understand that invasions, conquests, and migrations may have political, economic, social and technological consequences.
--Innovation and/or technology can be temporary or long lasting.
--Historical figures and cultural groups can have cultural, political, economic and military influence.
--What motivates the decision making of key historical figures and groups.
--The lasting impact of the contributions of various historical figures and groups.
Geography and Environmental Literacy
6.G.1 Understand geographic factors that influenced the emergence, expansion and decline of civilizations, societies and regions over time (i.e. Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas).
6.G.1.1 Explain how the physical features and human characteristics of a place influenced the development of civilizations, societies and regions (e.g., location near rivers and natural barriers, trading practices and spread of culture).
6.G.1.2 Explain the factors that influenced the movement of people, goods, and ideas and the effects of that movement on societies and regions over time (e.g., scarcity of resources, conquests, desire for wealth, disease and trade).
6.G.1.3 Compare distinguishing characteristics of various world regions (e.g., physical features, culture, political organization and ethnic make-up).
6.G.1.4 Explain how and why civilizations, societies and regions have used, modified and adapted to their environments (e.g., invention of tools, domestication of plants and animals, farming techniques and creation of dwellings).
6.G.2 Apply the tools of a geographer to understand the emergence, expansion and decline of civilizations, societies and regions.
6.G.2.1 Use maps, charts, graphs, geographic data and available technology tools to draw conclusions about the emergence, expansion and decline of civilizations, societies and regions.
6.G.2.2 Construct maps, charts and graphs to explain data about geographic phenomena (e.g., migration patterns and population, resource distribution patterns).
How have geographic factors influenced past decisions and events in Ancient Rome?
How can the five themes of geography be used to interpret and evaluate the impact of human settlement and the interaction of humans with their environment in Ancient Rome?
How do maps illustrate Ancient Roman History?
How do geography and climate shape cultures?
What is culture and how did it develop?
-- Understand physical features and human characteristics may influence the emergence, expansion and decline of civilizations, societies and regions.
--Understand the human characteristics of a place contribute to the order and stability of a society or civilization.
--Know the physical features of a place may include climate, landforms, soils, and vegetation.
--Know human characteristics of a place may include language, religion, political systems, economic systems, population distribution and quality of life.
--Understand the movement of people, goods and ideas can affect a society or regions culturally, politically and economically.
--Understand the factors that motivate the movement of people, goods and ideas.
--Understand the world regions have distinguishing characteristics.
--Understand regions develop differently because of their distinctive characteristics.
--Understand regions are the basic unit of study in geography.
-- a region is defined by unifying characteristics: physical, human, and economic.
--Understand regions can be formal or informal.
--Understand people depend on the physical environment for survival.
--Understand civilizations and societies adapt to the environment in order to meet needs.
--Understand people modify the environment in order to meet needs.
--Understand people modify the environment in order to meet human needs.
--Know modifications of the environment can include irrigation systems, terracing, and the building of dams.
--Humans may adapt their behavior as their environment changes.
Understand maps, charts, graphs, geographic data, and available technology tools can be used to organize information around the five themes of geography.
Interpret maps, charts, graphs and geographic data.
Draw conclusions from maps, charts, graphs, geographic data.
Draw conclusions from maps, charts, graphs, geographic data and available technology tools.
Create their own maps, charts and/or graphs to explain pre-existing data.
Civics and Governance
6.C&G.1 Understand the development of government in various civilizations, societies and regions.
6.C&G.1.1 Explain the origins and structures of various governmental systems (e.g., democracy, absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy
6.C&G.1.2 Summarize the ideas that shaped political thought in various civilizations, societies and regions (e.g., divine right, equality, liberty, citizen participation and integration of religious principles).
6.C&G.1.3 Compare the requirements for (e.g., age, gender and status) and responsibilities of (e.g., paying taxes and military service) citizenship under various governments.
6.C&G.1.4 Compare the role (e.g., maintain order and enforce societal values and beliefs) and evolution of laws and legal systems (e.g., need for and changing nature of codified system of laws and punishment) in various civilizations, societies and regions.
What role does government play in Ancient Rome?
--Understand political thought is often influenced by cultural and economic factors.
--Know the origins of political thought in various civilizations, societies and regions.
--Understand citizens have certain roles and responsibilities in a society.
--Understand government has certain obligations to citizens.
--Governmental structure shapes the role of the citizens.
--Know the expectations for citizens vary depending on the form and structure of one’s government.
--Know the meaning of citizenship varies depending on the form and structure of one’s government.
--Understand the role of law and legal systems within a society evolves in response to political, economic and social factors.
--Know structures of legal systems in various civilizations, societies and regions.
--Know functions of legal systems in various civilizations, societies and regions.
6.E.1 Understand how the physical environment and human interaction affected the economic activities of various civilizations, societies and regions.
6.E.1.1 Explain how conflict, compromise, and negotiation over the availability of resources (natural, human and capital) impacted the economic development of various civilizations, societies and regions (e.g., competition for scarce resources, unequal distribution of wealth and the emergence of powerful trading networks)
6.E.1.2 Explain how quality of life is impacted by economic choices of civilizations, societies and regions.
How have economic factors impacted societies and governments in Anicent Rome?
How has competition fueled growth within and between regions of the world?