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Public Schools of Robeson County American History II



American policy of neutrality ends with the continued use of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germans during WWI. Involvement in this war has a positive impact on agriculture and manufacturing industries in the United States. The entrance of the United States in the war helps turn the tide in favor of the Allies. The devastation caused by the war as well as the flu epidemic which followed led the United States to embrace isolationism as their foreign policy.

Unit 3



Essential Standard:

AH2.H.1 Apply the four interconnected dimensions of historical thinking to United States History Essential Standards in order to understand the creation and development of the United States over time

AH2.H.2 Analyze key political ,economic and social turning points in United States History using historical thinking

AH2.H.3 Understand the factors that led to exploration, settlement, movement and expansion and their impact on United States development over time

AH2.H.4 Analyze how conflict and compromise have shaped politics, economics and culture in the United States

AH2.H.6 Understand how and why the role of the United States in the world has changed over time

AH2.H.7 Understand the impact of war on American politics, economics, society and culture

AH2.H.8 Analyze the relationship between progress, crisis and the “American Dream” within the United States

Clarifying Objective(s):

AH2.H.1.1 (Use Chronological thinking)

AH2.H.1.2 (Use Historical Comprehension)

AH2.H.1.3 (Use Historical Analysis and Interpretation)

AH2.H.1.4 (Historical Research)

AH2.H.2.1: Analyze key political, economic and social turning points since Reconstruction in terms of causes and effects AH2.H.2.2: Evaluate key turning points since Reconstruction in terms of their lasting impact

AH2.H.4.1 Analyze the political issues and conflicts that impacted the United States since Reconstruction and the compromises that resulted

AH2.H.3.2 Explain how environmental, cultural and economic factors influenced the patterns of migration and settlement within the United States since the end of Reconstruction

AH2.H.6.1 Explain how national economic and political interests helped set the direction of United States foreign policy since Reconstruction

AH2.H.6.2 Explain the reasons for United States involvement in global wars and the influence each involvement had on international affairs

AH 2.H.7.1 Explain the impact of wars on American politics since Reconstruction

AH2.H.7.2 Explain the impact of wars on the American economy since Reconstruction

AH2.H.7.3 Explain the impact of wars on American society and culture since Reconstruction

AH2.H.8.2 Explain how opportunity and mobility impacted various groups within American society since Reconstruction AH2.H.8.3 Evaluate the extent to which a variety of groups and individuals have had opportunity to attain their perception of the “American Dream” since Reconstruction

Essential Question(s):

  • What factors combined to bring the world, and ultimately the US into WWI?

  • What impact did the US have on the war effort?

  • How did the US prepare for the war?

  • What was Wilson’s plan for peace?

  • How did the victors change Wilson’s plan?

  • What were the political, social, and cultural effects of WWI on the US?

  • What were the short terms and long term effects of WWI on the US and the world?

Pacing Guide:

10 days

Unit of Study

World War 1

Major Concepts

Conflict and Compromise; International Affairs and Foreign Policy; War and Impacts

Instructional Task

Define current vocabulary

Discuss concepts for the unit of study.

Examine and explain the impact of economic, political and social policies on this time period.

Analyze reasons for and impact of expansion and overseas involvement and empire.

Compare and contrast imperialistic and isolationist tactics and motives.

Explain the impact of the assimilation of cultures on progress and the “American Dream”.



Prior: Isolationism, totalitarianism, imperialism, militarism, alliances, extension of democracy


1.      Alsace-Lorraine

2.      Militarism

3.      Francis Ferdinand

4.      Western Front

5.      Contraband

6.      U-boat

7.      Lusitania

8.      Zimmerman Note

9.      Janet Rankin

10.  Selective Service Act

11.  Bernard Baruch

12.  Committee on Public Information

13.  George Creel

14.  Conscientious objector

15.  Espionage Act

16.  Great Migration

17.  Vladimir Lenin

18.  John J. Pershing

19.  Fourteen Points

20.  League of Nations

21.  Henry Cabot Lodge

22.  Reparations

23.  Irreconcilables

24.  Reservationists

25.  Wilson’s Fourteen Points

26.  1918 Influenza epidemic

27.  Red Scare

28.  Palmer Raids

29.  Sacco and Vanzetti

30.  Warren G. Harding

31.  Creditor

Introductory: economic cycles, depression, reform, government intervention

Instructional Resources

Text Resources: Espionage Act of 1917

Sedition Act of 1917
Wilson’s Fourteen Points

Henry Cabot Lodge’s 14 Reservations

League of Nations Charter
Treaty of Versailles
Schenck v. U.S. (1919)

Digital Resources:

Literary Connections:

Gene Smith, When The Cheering Stopped
David Kennedy, Over There John McCrae, “In Flanders Fields”

Erich Maria Remarque, All Quiet On the

Western Front

Sample Assessment Prompts

Assess the relative influence of THREE of the following in the American decision to declare war on Germany in 1917. (1995)

German naval policy

American economic interests

Woodrow Wilson’s idealism

Allied propaganda

America’s claim to world power
“The United States entered the First World War not to make the world safe for democracy‟ as President Wilson claimed, but to safeguard American economic interests.” Assess the validity of this statement. (1989)
Analyze the ways in which the federal government sought support on the home front for the war effort during the First World War. (2007 Form B)
To what extent did the United States achieve the objectives that led it to enter the First World War? (2000)

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