Initial report on compliance with the optional protocol to the convention on the rights of children in relation to the involvement of children in armed co



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Educational Level

Grade

Function

3rd

2nd Lieutenant

Conductor



Secondary

Lieutenant

Music Master (a)

1st, 2nd, and 3rd

1st Sergeant (b)

8th

2nd Sergeant

Musician


Elementary

7th

3rd Sergeant

6th

Corporal
Observations

(a) Selected among 3rd secondary grade students on the basis of time with the band, musical knowledge, dedication, and assiduity at rehearsals;

(b) Students are considered under the same conditions to be promoted from Master to Conductor, in the lack of 3rd grade students. A 2nd grade student has precedence over a 1st grade student.

Art. 101. The CM student body organizes itself for appearances at civic-military functions and at the School’s graduation ceremonies, in grouping or battalion formation as follows:


I – grouping or battalion command;

II – grouping general staff;

III – color guard;

IV – band;

V – school battalions, as many as needed;

VI – battalion general staff;

VII – 3 (three) companies per battalion;

VIII – 3 (three) platoons per company.


Paragraph 1. The organization herein referred to shall undergo the requisite adaptations in accordance with the CA number of students.

Paragraph 2. When the school appears in a formation organized by the Arms associations, the commander of an association shall be the student with the highest post or rank in the respective association.

CHAPTER THREE
STUDENTS’ DUTIES AND RIGHTS
Art. 102. The students’ duties and rights, in addition to those set forth in arts. 45 and 45 of the R-69 and in the norms governing specific situations are specified in the various titles hereof, and complemented by the provisions of this article:
Paragraph 1. CM students have the following duties:
I – To comply with the regulation provisions and norms, and with determinations by their superiors;

II – To engage in healthy individual and collective hygienic habits and pay careful attention to their personal appearance;

III – To observe the discipline and service norms in force;

IV – To wear the school uniform in conformity with the specifications of the Army/Military School Uniform Regulation, and with the norms in force; casual dress shall not be allowed at the CM’s regular and remedial activities;

V – To cultivate the principles of healthy fellowship and conscientious discipline;

VI – To be thoroughly familiarized with the regulations, norms, guidelines, and orders that govern student body activities;

VII – To pay attention to the preservation of CM supplies, equipment, and facilities;

VIII – To keep parents or guardians informed about school activities and school requests, particularly as regards the need for their presence and compliance with their commitments;

IX – To present themselves correctly and display an exemplary behavior in their relations with the community; and

X – To participate in outside representations when ordered to do so.


Paragraph 2. CM students have the following rights:
I – To 1 (one) year of tolerance at each educational level for repeating a grade, it they are unable to complete the courses within the time prescribed by the R-69;

II – To receive support from the educational system;

III – To benefit from vocational guidance;

IV – To receive psychological and educational orientation;

V – To receive medical and dental, emergence, and counseling assistance;

VI – To receive from Sec Ens E (Physical Education), in addition to regular instruction, orientation regarding the following:

(a) dietary regime;

(b) specific exercises; and

(c) corrective exercises.
VII – To enroll in the CFR, pursuant to the LSM, the R-69, and the internal regulations;

VIII – To use the library (information center), offices, laboratories, sport facilities, coffee shop, and other facilities of their interest, under the conditions set forth in the NGA/CM;

IX – To have a second chance at tests, pursuant to the norms in force;

X – To be eligible for promotion in the School Battalion and in the Band, pursuant to the norms in force;

XI – To wear decorations, badges, and accessories, in accordance with the Army’s Uniform Regulation and with the norms that govern the matter;

XII – To run for representatives of their classmates in the class council;

and

XIII – To express themselves, at appropriate moments and in accordance with the disciplinary norms, through the “School Salutation.”


Paragraph 3. The students’ duties and rights are set forth in detail in the NGA/CM.
Art. 104. In addition to the forms of rewarding students as prescribed in the previously cited documents, students are entitled to the following types of reward:
I – To join the Alumni Pantheon, pursuant to the bylaws approved by the Cmt CM;

II – To form part of the Legion of Honor, pursuant to Annex D hereto;

III – To be named and “Outstanding Student;”

IV – To receive an Assiduity Certificate;

V – To be promoted in a school grouping/battalion;

VI – To sign the Honor Book; and

VII – To receive prizes and medals, pursuant to Annex F hereto.
Paragraph 1. An “Outstanding Student” is the student that earns a Periodical Grade (NP) equal to or higher than 9.5 (nine point five) in at least half the study areas or disciplines of his grade, and an NP equal to or higher than 6.0 (six point zero) in all the others in the two-month period under consideration, thereby demonstrating a high academic performance and setting an example to his peers:
I – For his identification and control, he is granted the use of the Braid during the academic year under consideration, in the following manner:
(a) one loop of red braid for 1 (one) NP;

(b) two loops—one red and one blue for 2 (two) NPs; and

(c) three loops—two red and one blue for 3 (three) NPs.
II – The student granted this distinction shall not forfeit it during the academic year in which he received it;

III – An “Outstanding Student” must have a rating no lower than “Good” in behavior;

IV – An “Outstanding Student” who is a volunteer and has his guardian consent, may be employed as a monitor for remedial classes;

V – The braid shall be conferred at his company muster; and

VI – A transferred “Outstanding Student” shall maintain his prerogatives at the destination CM.
Paragraph 1. The Assiduity Certificate shall be conferred on a student with an attendance record of 95 (ninety-five) percent or higher of curricular activities:

I – Only 5 (five) percent of justified absences shall be considered, as a tolerance gesture;

II – Unjustified absences preclude the granting of this reward;

III – The certificate shall be conferred during the academic year’s closing ceremony and the occurrence shall be posted in CM’s Internal Bulletin.


Paragraph 3. Students graduating from the 8th elementary grade and from the 3rd secondary grade shall enter their signature in CM’s Honor Book, provided they have not received any penalty during their school life. This shall be controlled by the CA, which shall post notice of this honor in the Internal Bulletin.
Paragraph 4. At the completion of the CFR, graduates shall be conferred the following diplomas, in conformity with the law:
I – Best Physical Aptitude Combatant; and

II – Best Shooter Combatant.

CHAPTER FOUR
DISCIPLINARY REGIME
Art. 105. The disciplinary regime, which contributes to an adolescent’s development, influencing a student’s behavior in and out of school, must create an environment conducive to the development of his personality in conformity with the ethical values of Brazilian society, instilling in him attributes that are essential for his social development as well.
Art. 106. The Disciplinary Regime Regulating Norms (NRRD) hereto annexed, set forth the disciplinary relations in which the student body is involved.
Paragraph 1. Disciplinary provisions should be enforced without losing sight of education’s fundamental objective of enabling the educatee to develop his potential for self-realization, qualification for work, and preparation for the ongoing exercise of citizenship.

Paragraph 2. Disciplinary norms should be seen as instruments of a student’s well-rounded development; excessive rigor should not be tolerated, as it warps and deforms it, nor should benevolence, as it compromises and thwarts it.


Paragraph 3. Students enrolled in the CFR are equally subject to the NRRD.

CHAPTER FIVE


INTERNAL ASSOCIATIONS
Art. 107. The student body forms part of the Recreational and Literary Society (SRL), which has its own bylaws, approved by the school commander.
Paragraph 1. The SRL is led by a board elected by the CM student body for a mandate of 1 (one) calendar year.

Paragraph 2. Any student may run for election, provided that:


I – He has been enrolled at CM for longer than one year;

CHAPTER SIX


SCHOOL TRANSCRIPT AND DIPLOMAS
Art. 112. The diplomas referred to in art. 74 of the R-69 shall be conferred on students who have completed the 8th elementary grade or the 3rd secondary grade.
Sole paragraph. The granting of a diploma to 3rd secondary grade students, as requested by their respective guardians on grounds of the students’ academic progress, for the purpose of enrolling in a civilian higher education institution, is governed by art. 75 of the R-69.
Art. 113. A student who has been allowed to suspend his enrollment shall not be entitled to any diploma or school transcript while this situation prevails.
Art. 114. The issuing of diplomas, certificates, declarations, and other documents pertaining to a student’s academic life shall be coordinated by the CA through his office. Said documents must be prepared in conformity with the norms specified in the educational federal legislation and with the standardization and uniformness requirements set by DEPA.
Sole paragraph. All documents shall be issued within a maximum of 15 (fifteen) days after receipt of the request, or of the pertinent authorization, in specific cases.
(…)
CHAPTER VIII
RESERVIST TRAINING COURSE
Art. 117. The Reservist Training Course (CFR) is held at Military Schools and its purpose is to train 2nd class reservists pursuant to the Military Service Law.
Sole Paragraph. The CFR lasts half an academic year and is offered in the first academic semester and whenever the number of enrollees is at least 20 (twenty).
Art. 118. Enrollment in the CFR is restricted to SCMB students that are volunteer Brazilians belonging to the class called to render entry-level military service, in accordance with the Regional Conscription Plan, and to students who, although they do not belong to the called class, are volunteers and meet the requirements of the Military Service Law and its Regulation.
Art. 119. To be enrolled, applicants must have been found apt through the medical and physical exam.
Art. 120. Enrollment shall be allowed by the school commander to students included on a list published in the Internal Bulletin on the date set for the course’s beginning.
Art. 121. Student attendance to instructions and programmed activities is compulsory and is further considered part of the service.
Art. 122. A student’s number of absences cannot exceed 25 percent of the scheduled hour load.
Paragraph 1. A student shall lose 1 (one) point per instruction period or activity missed, the maximum limit before expulsion being 2 lost points, as specified in the PGE.
Paragraph 2. The total of points lost by a student is published on a monthly basis in the Internal Bulletin.
Art. 123. A student that achieves all the Individual Instruction Objectives (OII) on the form included in the Standard Instruction Program followed by the course shall be considered as having passed.
Art. 124. To be enrolled in the CFR, a student must have earned a “Good” behavior rating.
Art. 125. Students are subject to the Military Penal Code and to the Army Disciplinary Regulations (RDE), taking into consideration the limitations imposed by the peculiarities of school life, and only for disciplinary infractions related to the CFR.
Sole Paragraph. CFR students are also subject to the NRRD, hereto annexed, in cases pertaining to CM school activities.
Art. 126. A student shall be subject to exclusion or separation if:
I – He successfully completes the course and is considered apt by medical examination;

II – He fails to achieve the OII specified by the standard instruction program followed by the course;

III – He exceeds the number of lost points allowed in the course;

IV – He is found at the medical examination to be definitively unfit for Army service;

V – His behavior is rated “Bad;”

VI – He indulges in a moral conduct that makes him unfit for Army Service or for proceeding with the course;

VII – He is excluded or separated from the CM in which he is taking the CFR course;

VIII – He certifiably becomes a breadwinner;

IX – He is considered “Unfit B-2” at the medical examination;

X – He is considered “Unfit B-1” at the medical examination.


Paragraph 1. The situations referred to under V and VI above shall be the object of investigation so as to grant the student the right to due process and contradictory right;
Paragraph 2. The student that successfully completes the course but that, on the last day of the course finds himself hospitalized or is found unfit at a medical examination, shall remain attached to the CM and shall be separated on the day a medical panel finds him to be in an apt condition.
Art. 127. A student separated as described in art. 126 hereof, except if deceased, falls into one of the following situations in respect of the Military Service:
I – He shall be included in the 2nd class reserve, where he will finish the compulsory entry-level military service, in cases referred to in Item I above, and will then be quits;

II – His enrollment shall be annulled and he shall be dispensed from the Military Service and be entitled to the Induction Waiver Certificate, in cases referred to in Item VII above;

III – He shall receive the Exemption Certificate, pursuant to the legislation in force, in cases referred to in Item III above;

IV – He shall be sent to the regional military service, regardless of his time of instruction, in cases referred to in Items II, III, V, VI, VII and X; and

V – His enrollment shall be annulled and he shall be entitled to the Induction Waiver Certificate, in cases referred to in Item VIII.
Art. 128. The time of active service rendered shall be entered into the student’s exclusion document, pursuant to the legislation in force.
ANNEX 9 - Norms that Regulate the Disciplinary Regime of Military Schools (NRRD/DEPA)

Norms that Regulate the Disciplinary Regime of Military Schools (NRRD/DEPA)


Service Note No. 01-S2/DEPA, 18 Jul 96

1. PURPOSE
(a) To inventory disciplinary infractions and their classification, listing the causes and circumstances that influence their trial.
(b) To specify the disciplinary penalties, establishing uniform criteria for their application in all Military Schools.
2. References
(a) Regulation of the Precepts Common to Army Educational Institutions (R-126).
(b) Military Schools’ Regulation (R-69).
3. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
(a) The disciplinary regime, owing to its consequences for an adolescent’s development and its influence on a student’s behavior in and out of the school environment, should create the conditions to allow the development of his personality in accordance with ethical standards and endow him with the indispensable attributes for smoothly moving up the social hierarchy.
(b) Thus, through acts and attitudes, those responsible for enforcing regulations should observe the greatest care in their application, without ever losing sight that education’s fundamental objective is to enable the educatee to develop his potential for self-realization, qualification for work, and preparation for the ongoing exercise of citizenship.

(c) Disciplinary norms should be seen as instruments of a student’s well-rounded development; excessive rigor should not be tolerated, as it warps and deforms it, nor should paternalistic benevolence, as it disfigures and thwarts it.


4. DISCIPLINARY INFRACTIONS
a. Concept
A disciplinary infraction is any violation of ethical precepts, school duties and obligations, social interaction rules, and behavior standards imposed on students, consistently with the Military Schools’ particular educational system.
b. Sphere of application
These Norms apply to students of Military Schools, including those enrolled in CFR.
c. Specification
Disciplinary infractions are as follows:
(1) Any actions or omissions contrary to school discipline, as specified in Annex A to these Norms.
(2) Any actions or omissions that are not specified in the above-mentioned Annex A or classified as crimes under the Brazilian penal legislation, but affect personal honor, ethical precepts, social decorum, and other prescriptions set forth in the Military Schools’ Regulation or that violate service norms and orders issued by a competent authority.
d. Judgment
The judgment of an infraction should be preceded by an analysis that must take the following into consideration:
(1) The author of the infraction;

(2) The causes leading to the infraction;

(3) The nature of the facts or actions surrounding it; and

(4) The infraction’s possible consequences.


d. Grounds for justification
There may be grounds for justification if the infraction has been committed:
(1) in the practice of a meritorious action or in the interest of the service, order, or public peace;

(2) in legitimate self-defense or in defense of another person;

(3) in obeying a superior’s order;

(4) by reason of a fully certifiable act of God; or

(5) in clearly proven ignorance, provided the infraction does not run counter to the normal feelings of patriotism, humanity, and probity.
f. Mitigating circumstances
Mitigating circumstances are as follows:
(1) if the student is a freshman, up to three months of enrollment date;

(2) the student’s age;

(3) if the student’s behavior has been rated Good, Excellent, or Exceptional;

(4) if the infraction is the student’s first;

(5) if incurred by lack of practice in the service;

(6) in view of the relevance of services rendered; and

(7) if the infraction was committed to prevent a more serious infraction.
g. Aggravating circumstances
Aggravating circumstances are as follows:
(1) being an officer-student or noncommissioned officer;

(2) being enrolled in the CFR or having already completed it;

(3) being rated Regular or Insufficient in behavior;

(4) infraction committed during service, class, or instruction hours;

(5) relapse into the same type of infraction;

(6) simultaneous commitment or connection with two or more infractions;

(7) collusion of two or more students;

(8) abuse of functional authority;

(9) commitment of infraction in public, in the presence of troops or students at muster or in the classroom; and

(10) premeditated infraction.


h. Classification
(1) Disciplinary infractions shall be classified as light, medium, grave, and eliminatory.
(2) The classification shall be done by the judging authority as prescribed in (d), (e), (f) and (g) above.

5. DISCIPLINARY PUNISHMENT
a. Specification

Disciplinary punishment shall have an educational purpose and shall aim at the maintenance of school discipline, which is essential to a student’s well-rounded development.

(1) warning;

(2) verbal reprimand;

(3) reprimand published in the Internal Bulletin;

(4) study activity of a disciplinary and educational character; and

(5) suspension from school.
Observation:

At the Cmt CM’s discretion, the punishment of suspension from school may be changed into a study activity of a disciplinary and educational character, to be exercised on Saturdays, Sundays, and Holidays. However, the punishment days imposed shall be counted as unjustified absences.



c. Application extent and authority
(1) The authority to apply disciplinary punishment is inherent in the position and not in the hierarchical rank. It may be exercised by:

(a) Teacher or Instructor: from warning up to verbal reprimand;

(b) Subunit Commander: from warning up to one-day suspension from School;

(c) Student Body Commander: from warning up to three-day suspension from School; and

(d) Military School Commander: from warning up to six-day suspension from School and disciplinary exclusion.

(2) A student’s first infraction susceptible of minimal punishment of suspension from school is incumbent on the Student Body commander.

(3) Those lacking functional punishing authority should, upon learning about an infraction, communicate it to their superior.

(4) When, to preserve discipline, the occurrence requires prompt intervention, the authority of the highest military rank or seniority witnessing it should take immediate steps to stop it from continuing and, to the extent possible, counter its negative consequences, informing the competent authorities by the fastest means of the occurrence and the steps taken in their name.

(5) Officers without punishing authority and the Military School noncommissioned officers are charged with supervising the students and with reporting to their immediate superiors the infractions they detect on or outside the School premises.

(6) The punishment applied may be annulled, suspended, attenuated, or aggravated by the authority that has applied it or by a higher competent authority, if they come to learn about facts that recommend such a procedure.


d. Annulment
(1) A punishment may be annulled if it is proven that injustice or illegality has been incurred in its application.

(2) The annulment of punishment automatically entails the cancellation of any entry or record on the student’s file.


e. Suspension of punishment
The suspension of the punishment imposed may occur under the following circumstances:

(1) When it becomes evident that the objectives envisaged when the punishment was imposed have been achieved, whether it has been fulfilled to the end or not;

(2) On the grounds of transfer of command, the School’s anniversary, national holidays, major Christian and family dates, provided the transgressor deserves the suspension and has already fulfilled at least one third of the punishment.

(3) The suspension does not entail the cancellation of the negative points assigned in connection with the punishment imposed.


f. Attenuation and aggravation

(1) The attenuation or aggravation of a punishment consists in changing it, after it has been applied, into another less or more rigorous, if one or the other serves the disciplinary or educational interest of the transgressor.

(2) The attenuation or aggravation of punishment may be applied solely within 4 (four) work days as of the date on which the authority learns of the punishment applied.
g. Application

(1) In applying punishment, the following limits should be observed, in principle:

(a) from warning to verbal reprimand, in the case of light infractions;

(b) from reprimand published in the Internal Bulletin to two-day suspension from School, inclusive, in the case of medium-gravity infractions;

(c) from three-day of study activity of a disciplinary and educational character to a six-day suspension from School, inclusive, in he case of grave infractions; and

(d) disciplinary exclusion, in the case of eliminatory infractions;

(2) The forms of punishment described under item 5 (1)(2) above (warning and verbal reprimand) shall not be published in the CM’s Internal Bulletin but shall be entered into the student’s disciplinary record, after they have been communicated to the Student Body Commander and the requisite Punishment Notice has been issued.

(3) The forms of punishment described under item 5 (3)(4)(5)(6) above (reprimand published in the Internal Bulletin, study activity of a disciplinary and educational character, suspension from School, and disciplinary exclusion) shall entail the issuing of a Punishment Notice and shall obligatorily be published in the CM Internal Bulletin, thereby influencing the student’s behavior.

(4) Suspension from class should be applied only when a student’s behavior interferes with the lesson, in which case the transgressor should be taken to the competent authority for application of the pertinent punishment.

(5) The Punishment Notice shall include the following:

(a) a brief, clear, and precise description of the facts and circumstances leading to the infraction, devoid of belittling or offensive remarks;

(b) specification of the infraction or infractions committed, using the code numbers in Annex A or to item 4(2);

(c) specification of the attenuating or aggravating circumstances;

(d) classification of the infraction;

(e) the punishment applied; and

(f) classification of the student’s behavior, with the pertinent rating.

(6) The conclusions of investigations, particularly of those related to disciplinary exclusion, should be published in the CM Internal Bulletin, both confidential and otherwise, in accordance with the nature of the infraction and pursuant to the CM Commander’s judgment.

(7) The study activity punishment of a disciplinary and educational character shall be fulfilled in a special room during extracurricular hours.

(8) In case of punishment by suspension from school, the punishment days shall be counted as unjustified absences.

(9) The expenses incurred in the study activity of a disciplinary and educational character shall be charged to the Reimbursement of Unforeseen Expenses by the student.

(10) A student suspended from school should report himself as required.

(11) Only one punishment shall be meted out for one infraction.

(12) The annulment, attenuation, or aggravation of punishment shall automatically entail a readjustment of the student’s behavior rating consistently with the new situation and point accumulation shall be strictly forbidden.
(13) The guardian of a student whose behavior has earned him a Regular or Insufficient rating must be promptly informed thereon.
b. Eliminatory absences

Eliminatory absences leading to disciplinary exclusion are as follows:

(1) After being proven through rigorous investigation:

(a) an infraction that seriously affects personal honor, modesty, and public decorum;

(b) an infraction or disciplinary infraction that makes the student incompatible with the school’s good name and the dignity of the student body;

(c) participation in a strike and other vindication movements;

(d) Recourse to illicit or fraudulent means in doing school work;

(e) carrying or using toxic substances; and

(f) willful destruction of or damage to facilities, equipment and/or materials belonging to the school or third parties.

(2) The practice of common crime, except for victimless crime, that has been proven by investigation.

(3) conviction for military crime of a felonious nature.
6. STUDENT BEHAVIOR

a. Classification

(1) Student behavior is classified pursuant to the following scale:


(a) 10 rating: Exceptional

(b) 9 to 9.9 rating: Excellent

(c) 6 to 8.99 rating: Good

(d) 5 to 5.99 rating: Fair

(e) 3 to 4.99 rating: Insufficient

(f) 0 to 2.99 rating: Bad

(2) Behavior rating will be done over the entire course and its evaluation shall stand for the duration of each year.

(3) At enrollment, a student’s behavior shall be assigned a rating of 8.0 = Good.

(4) A transferred student shall be assigned the same behavior rating he had in the original school.

(5) At re-enrollment, a student shall be assigned his previous behavior rating.

(6) Disciplinary alterations shall accompany students transferred from one CM to another.
b. Numerical value of punishments

The types of punishment herebelow are assigned numerical values according to the scale hereunder; these values shall be used for behavior rating:

(1) Warning = 0.02;

(2) Verbal reprimand = 0.08;

(3) Reprimand in the Internal Bulletin = 0.30;

(4) Study activity of a disciplinary and educational nature = 0.50; and

(5) Suspension from school (per day) = 0.50.
c. Upgrading of behavior rating

(1) Factors conducive to the upgrading of behavior rating are assigned numerical values that will affect behavior rating in accordance with the following scale:


(a) Verbal praise before classmates, in the classroom, during an instruction session, or at muster = 0.10;

(b) Collective praise in the Internal Bulletin = 0.10;

(c) Individual praise in the Internal Bulletin = 0.30;

(d) Promotion to higher grade = 0.40;

(e) Promotion dependent on remedial work = 0.20; and

(f) Time without punishment = 0.20.

After 3 (three) consecutive months, including school vacation time, during which the student has received no punishment, 0.01 shall accrue per day until the Exceptional behavior rating is reached.

(g) A student who is accorded an “Outstanding Student” rating or who is promoted to any post or rank of the school hierarchy will have his behavior rating upgraded, at the discretion of the CM Commander;


(2) The upgrading of behavior rating referred to in (a), (f), and (g) above shall be entered into the student’s record of disciplinary changes, after being reported to the Student Body Commander and after the requisite issuing of a Reward Notice.
d. Disciplinary exclusion
(1) Motives for a student’s disciplinary exclusion and consequent separation are as follows:
(a) Commission of an eliminatory infraction; and

(b) Assignment of a Bad behavior rating.


(2) Disciplinary exclusion shall be preceded by rigorous investigation and consultation with EE’s Educational Council, except in cases of Bad behavior ratings.
(3) Any case of disciplinary exclusion shall be communicated in writing to DEPA and the other CMs and shall include the following information:

- Name


- Name of parents

- Grade


- Date of exclusion

- Motive (precise information on the exclusion’s motive and not only on the punishment applied).


This documentation shall be filed at EE’s CA to serve as inputs in the consideration of transfer requests, exceptionally or pursuant to the R-69, so as to prevent the re-enrollment of a student that has been subjected to disciplinary exclusion.

e. Review of the exclusion decision
(1) The student or his guardian shall be entitled to request a review of the exclusion decision if he considers himself harmed, offended, or wronged.
(2) A review request must be written in clear, simple, and respectful terms and addressed to the authority that, in the student’s view, has harmed, offended, or wronged him. The request must be received at the authority’s office within a maximum of 6 (six) days after the fact to which it refers.
(3) The student or guardian shall not be allowed to address his claim to a higher authority than the one to whom the unjust measure is being imputed, before his review request has been considered.
(4) The Cmt CM is the instance of last resort in cases of recourses contrary to these Norms, and appeal to higher echelons shall not be permitted.

7. REWARDS
The following rewards are granted students:
(1) Praise before classmates, in the classroom, during an instruction session, or at muster;
(2) Praise in the Internal Bulletin;
(3) Inscription on the Honor Panel;
(4) Promotion to higher posts and ranks of the school hierarchy; and
(5) Prizes.

8. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
(a) These Norms shall enter into force upon receipt of this NS, and as of that date the Norms that Regulate the Disciplinary Regime of Military Schools (NRRD/DEPA) of June 11, 1990 shall be revoked.
(b) As of the entry into force of these Norms, current and re-enrolled students shall keep the behavior classification and rating they had under the Norms in force until then.
(c) Student Body’s Disciplinary Map. The CMs shall submit to DEPA, by the time herein specified, the Student Body’s Disciplinary Map, pursuant to Annex B hereto, as follows:
(1) January 1 through June 30: by July 15;

(2) July 1 through December 30: by January 15.


Rio de Janeiro-RJ, July 18, 1996


Gen Bda CESAR AUGUSTO NICODEMUS DE SOUZA

Director, Preparatory and Welfare-oriented Education


ANNEX A
LIST OF DISCPLINARY INFRACTIONS


1. To lack veracity.

2. To make use of an anonymous condition.

3. To contribute do discord or disharmony or to cultivate enmity among fellow students.

4. To attempt to discredit or to ignore a fellow student.

5. To spread gossip or false news.

6. To talk or make noise at inappropriate times, places, and occasions.

7. To flaunt social conventions or display inappropriate conduct in public places.

8. To offend morals and good customs inside and outside the school.

9. To engage in or incite arguments through any vehicle about political or military matters.

10. To engage in or incite arguments on the school premises about politics or religion.

11. To promote or participate in strikes or vindication movements.

12. To possess, introduce, or distribute posters, papers, or any other publication of a party politics nature.

13. To take part in prohibited games or betting on the school premises.

14. To propose or engage in pecuniary transactions of any kind on the school premises.

15. To fail to make good on commitments of a moral or pecuniary nature.

16. To use four-letter words, which are incompatible with good demeanor, or write them anywhere.

17. To frequent places incompatible with social decorum and the condition of a student.

18. To attend in uniform any political gathering or manifestation.

19. To offend, provoke, or challenge fellow students by acts or words.

20. To offend, provoke, or challenge a superior by acts or words.

21. To engage in hazing or tricks of any kind.

22. To carry or introduce into the school premises any weapon or object susceptible of causing material damage or bodily injury to fellow students.

23. To damage or steal fellow student’s belongings.

24. To carry or introduce alcoholic beverages into the school premises.

25. To come to school or go anywhere under the influence of alcohol or make use of narcotic or hallucinogenic drugs.

26. To lead or help someone to get drunk.

27. To forge a signature or initials on any document.

28. To attempt to use illicit means for doing school work.

29. To fail to return to the subunit, at the prescribed time, the school booklet and other documents duly signed by the parent or guardian.

30. To appeal to the School Commander, the Subdirector of Education, and the Student Body Commander before following the correct procedures.

31. To address, or refer to, or reply to a superior in a disrespectful or impolite manner.

32. To make censuring or critical remarks about a superior, or to attempt to demoralize him in military or civilian circles.

33. To engage in disputes, quarrels, or fights.

34. To fail to salute as required a hierarchical superior of the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Auxiliary Forces.

35. To fail to greet the civilian teachers.

36. To fail to obey orders from the competent authorities.

37. To resort to recourse without following the regular procedures, in disrespectful terms, using false or bad-faith arguments, or without just cause or reason.

38. To fail to have a haircut at the established times and in the manner determined by the higher echelon.

39. To fail to wear the identification tag with the uniform.

40. To wear badges or insignia improperly.

41. To smoke on the school premises, or out of them when in uniform.

42. To engage in courting on the school premises, or out of them when in uniform.

43. To wear a different uniform from the one prescribed.

44. To skip school work or any other scheduled activity without just cause.

45. To leave the classroom without permission.

46. To leave the designated place for school work or activities without permission.

47. To wander about the school premises or through the streets during class hours or during the time of other scheduled activities.

48. To miss or be late for class, muster, instruction, or other school activities.

49. To fail to follow the activity occurring in the classroom or during instruction by reading or writing about something alien to the subject being taught.

50. To disturb fellow students as they study by making noise of mischief.

51. To engage in inappropriate behavior in the classroom, or during instruction, or at muster.

52. To appear at any time without uniform, improperly uniformed, or with uniform alterations.

53. To come to class without bringing school materials.

54. To perform poorly any school task, willfully or inattentively.

55. To fail to keep school notebooks and homework up-to-date and in good order.

56. To lay hand or to attempt to lay hand of any item, vehicle, or animal in school facilities or use it without permission from the person in charge or of its owner.

57. To leave or enter muster without permission.

58. To approach or enter any school facility without permission or order from the authority inside it.

59. To enter or leave the School through places or ways not allowed.

60. To maintain proper deportment at entering, eating in, or leaving the mess hall.

61. To enter or leave the school without the uniform, without permission.

62. To behave inappropriately in the bathroom or in the lodgings, particularly after taps.

64. To fail to rise after reveille.

65. To wear a piece of uniform marked with someone else’s name.

66. To mark intimate uniform pieces differently from the prescribed form.

67. To wear the badge of a different grade.

68. To leave the school premises between retreat and reveille without authorization.

69. To leave the school premises without permission from the CA Commander or the Subunit Commander.

70. To skip meals in the dining hall, if a boarding student.

71. To shirk imposed penalties.

72. To fail to notify the Subunit any change of address.

73. To change into uniform in inappropriate places.

74. To fail to obey orders or instructions from civilian authorities that to not conflict with the School’s military regime, particularly orders issued by the Juvenile Court.

75. To leave objects or uniform pieces in inappropriate places.

76. To fail to comply with or to enforce regulations related to the student’s own attributions.

77. To fail to communicate to his superior the execution of an order received.

78. To delay without justification the execution of an order received.

79. To incite or abet noncompliance with an order from the competent authority, or to delay its execution.

80. To drop an assigned task.

81. To represent the School or undertake commitments in its name without authorization.

82. To drive a vehicle without being properly qualified by the competent body.

83. To contribute to the facilities’ bad appearance by throwing paper, food leftovers, or any other items in the yards or any place other the appropriate trash collection recipients.

84. To fake illness so as to shirk obligations and academic activities.

85. To cause or contribute to accidents owing to ineptness, imprudence, or negligence.

86. To fire a weapon owing to imprudence or negligence.

87. To fail to care for, or to damage or mislay, owing to negligence or noncompliance with school regulations, any property belonging to the Federal Government, whether or not said property is under the student’s direct care.

88. To exchange tasks without permission of the competent authority.

89. To neglect proper and collective tidiness under any circumstance.

90. To bear arms when out of service without permission.

91. To practice any act contrary to the correct presentation of the National Symbols.

92. To execute calls or regulation signals without being ordered to do so.

ANNEX 10 – DISAGGREGATED DATA ON STUDENTS IN BRAZIL’S MILITARY ACADEMIES
A. ARMY (ARMY PREPARATORY ACADEMY)
(a) Data on the Recruiting Class of 1992 (Brazilians reaching their 18th birthday in 2010):


Number of recruits enrolled in 2010

Number of recruits approved for General Selection

Personnel incorporated in Military Organizations operated by the Army in 2011

1,669,733

576,510

78,354

(b) Number of students in the Preparatory Academy of Army Cadets (EsPCEx)7: 532;


(c) Distribution of EsPCEx students by age, region, and family income:
1. Age Group
a. Numerical Representation


Age

No. of Students

% Students

15 Years

02

0.37

16 Years

44

8.27

17 Years

103

19.36

18 Years

134

25.19

19 Years

131

24.63

20 Years

95

17.86

21 Years

233

4.32

Total

532

100

(FI 2/4 of the 2011 Socioeconomic Report for EsPCEx Students)



2. Regional Origin
a. Numerical Representation


State

No. of Students

Region

No. of Students

% Students

ACRE

-

NORTH

10

1.88

AMAZONAS

09

AMAPÁ

-

PARÁ

01

RONDÔNIA

-

RORAIMA

-

TOCANTINS

-

ALAGOAS

05

NORTHEAST

82

15.41

BAHIA

10

CEARÁ

29

MARANHÃO

04

PARAÍBA

05

PERNAMBUCO

15

PIAUÍ

07

RIO GRANDE DO NORTE

07

SERGIPE

-

ESPÍRITO SANTO

03

SOUTHEAST

265

49.82

MINAS GERAIS

68

RIO DE JANEIRO

146

SÃO PAULO

48

DISTRITO FEDERAL

52

CENTER-WEST

88

16.54

GOIÁS

07

MATO GROSSO

04

MATO GROSSO DO SUL

25

PARANÁ

21

SOUTH

87

16.35

RIO GRANDE DO SUL

62

SANTA CATARINA

04

TOTAL

532

-

532

100


3. Economic/Financial Situation
a. Numerical Representation


Family Income

No. of Students

% Students

Above R$ 1,000.00

21

3.95

From R$ 1,001.00 to R$ 3,000.00

146

27.44

From R$ 3,001.00 to R$ 5,000.00

204

38.35

R$ 5,001.00 and above

161

30.26

Total

532

100


B. AIR FORCE (AIR FORCE PREPARATORY ACADEMY)


  1. Data on young male recruits enlisted and selected to compete mandatory military service, according to Law No. 4375 of August 17, 1964:




Current number of recruits (incorporated in March 2011)

5,115

Recruits projected to be incorporated as of August 1, 2011

3,590

b) Distribution of Air Force Cadet Preparatory Academy8 students by age, race, region of origin, and family income.


Total number of students: 586 (five hundred and eighty six)


DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS BY AGE

Age

Number

Percentage

Above 18 years

251

42.8%

17

165

28.2%

16

132

22.5%

15

31

5.3%

14

7

1.2%




DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS BY REGION OF ORIGIN

Region of Origin

Number

Percentage

North

25

4.3%

Northeast

74

12.6%

South

30

5.1%

Southeast

418

71.3%

Center-West

39

6.7%



DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS BY RACE

Race

Number

Percentage

Asian

68

11.6%

Caucasian

415

70.8%

African

103

17.6%



DISTRIBUTION OF STUDENTS BY FAMILY INCOME

Family Income

Number

Percentage

Above R$ 1,500.00

42

7.1%

From R$ 1,501.00 to R$ 3,500.00

188

32.1%

From R$ 3,501.00 to R$ 7,000.00

248

42.3%

Above R$ 7,000.00

108

18.4%


C. NAVY (NAVAL ACADEMY)


  1. Data on young male recruits enlisted and selected to complete the compulsory military service in 2011:




SMO

Number

PDPV

217

Recruits projected to be incorporated as June 30, 2011.

2,905

Note: PDPV – Physicians, Dentists, Pharmacists, and Veterinarians.




  1. Data on Naval Academy students9:







AGE

15 Years

16 Years

17 Years

18 Years

19 Years

20 Years

Number of Students

27

110

192

185

110

23







RACE10

Asian

Caucasian

Indigenous

African

Mulato

Number of Students

1

408

1

37

200






Region of Origin

North

South

Southeast

Northeast

Center-West

Number of Students

18

6

596

20

7




Family Income

Number of Students

0 - 3 minimum wage11

55

3 - 6 minimum wage

183

6 - 12 minimum wage

238

12 - 20 minimum wage

96

More than 20 minimum wage

31

NA

44



1 Source: Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), Censo Demográfico 2010. Available at: http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/censo2010/caracteristicas_da_populacao/resultados_do_universo.pdf.

2 Source: Ministry of Defense.

3 Cf. ICRC, Basic rules of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, Geneva, 1988.

4 Cf. ICRC, Basic rules of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, Geneva, 1988.

5 In 2000 and 2003, Brazil did not participate in the Security Council.

6 For instance, the Resolutions A/65/197 “Rights of the Child” and A/64/146“Rights of the Child”.

7 For more information, see the “Escola Preparatória de Cadetes do Exército (EsPCEx)” website: http://www.espcex.ensino.eb.br/.

8 For more information, see the “Escola Preparatória de Cadetes do Ar (EPCAR)” website: http://www.epcar.aer.mil.br/

9 For more information, see the “Escola Naval” website: www.en.mar.mil.br/

10Based on IBGE classification

and the statement of each student>.

11 According to the Federal Law n. 12.382/11, the minimum wage in Brazil is R$ 545,00 per month in 2011.

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