Infinite means a closed b. endless c. open d. unfulfilled. The term asylum

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Windows on the Past
1. The term to lament means to

a. celebrate.

b. laugh.

c. grieve for.

d. feel sad.
2. The term infinite means

a. closed.

b. endless.

c. open.

d. unfulfilled.
3. The term asylum means

a. a home for insane persons.

b. a dangerous place.

c. a safe place.

d. a town in central Japan.
4. The term to intone means to

a. sing.

b. play a stringed instrument.

c. sing poorly.

d. dance.
5. The term infatuation means

a. lust.

b. serious love.

c. giddy love.

d. strong dislike.
6. Lady Murasaki is a pen-name of a person believed to be the daughter of

a. an emperor.

b. a shogun.

c. a court official.

d. a samurai.
Time Line
1. Which event is not in the correct chronological order? The

a. beginning of Yamato period

b. start of the Kamakura period

c. beginning of the Ashikaga Shogunate

d. first Mongol invasion
2. Which of the following events took place last? The

a. beginning of the Nara period

b. writing of the Tale of Genji

c. beginning of the Tokugawa Shogunate

d. beginning of the Ashikaga Shogunate
3. Which of the following events took place first?

a. the introduction of Buddhism into Japan

b. the Yamato period begins

c. Kyoto captured by Oda Nobunaga

d. the writing of the Tale of Genji

4. Which of the following events took place first?

a. the beginning of the Nara period

b. the start of the Kamakura period

c. Go-Daigo becomes Emperor

d. the first Mongol invasion

5. Which of the following events took place last?

a. Yayoi culture present in Japan

b. Buddhism introduced into Japan

c. the writing of the Tale of Genji

d. the beginning of the Yamato period
6. Which of the following events took place last?

a. Go-Daigo becomes Emperor

b. the arrival of the Portuguese in Japan

c. the beginning of the Tokugawa Shogunate

d. the beginning of the Ashikaga Shogunate
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Geographically speaking, Japan is

a. a peninsula.

b. an island.

c. an archipelago.

d. an isthmus.
2. Approximately how much of Japan's land area is suitable for agriculture?

a. 10%

b. 20%

c. 35%

d. 50%
3. Japan's principal cereal crop is

a. wheat.

b. millet.

c. rice.

d. oats.
4. The group of people who first developed agriculture in Japan was the

a. Jomon.

b. Ainu.

c. Koreans.

d. Yayoi.
5. The clan which started Japan's imperial Sun Line was the

a. Yamato.

b. Yayoi.

c. Taira.

d. Nara.
6. The original Japanese religion is

a. Daoism.

b. Buddhism.

c. Shintoism.

d. Legalism.
7. The original religion of Japan is unusual in that it has no

a. deities.

b. temples.

c. shrines.

d. scriptures.

8. The religion introduced into Japan in 552 CE is

a. Christianity.

b. Buddhism.

c. Shintoism.

d. Islam.

9. Japan's first capital city was

a. Kyoto.

b. Tokyo.

c. Nara.

d. Nagasaki.
10. In the Nara period, Japan was deeply influenced by the culture of

a. Korea.

b. India.

c. Tibet.

d. China.
11. The religious group that attained great power in this period was the

a. Shintoists.

b. Confucianists.

c. Daoists.

d. Buddhists.
12. During the Heian period, power was chiefly held by the

a. Buddhists.

b. Imperial family.

c. Fujiwara family.

d. Yamato clan.
13. Heian nobles were concerned with developing

a. civic pride.

b. Buddhist philosophy.

c. an appreciation of nature and beautiful objects.

d. military skill.
14. The Japanese term that expresses the feeling that life is over too quickly is called

a. on.

b. aware.

c. miyabi.

d. giri.
15. The Heian were eventually overthrown by the

a. peasants.

b. imperial family.

c. powerful landowners.

d. merchants.
16. The social class which gained power as Heian power declined was the

a. merchants.

b. Buddhist monks.

c. samurai.

d. peasants.
17. During the collapse of the Heian, the clan that eventually gained power was the

a. Taira.

b. Yamamoto.

c. Minamoto.

d. Yamato.

18. The lands of local lords in feudal Japan were known as

a. fiefs.

b. shogunates.

c. shoen.

d. wards.

19. Feudal lords were called

a. samurai.

b. shoguns.

c. daimyo.

d. shoenmata.
20. When the first Shogun took power, he

a. killed the Imperial family.

b. exiled the Imperial family.

c. deposed the Imperial family.

d. ruled in the name of the Emperor.
21. The family which kept power during the early feudal period was the

a. Kamakura.

b. Hojo.

c. Fujiwara.

d. Yamamoto.
22. The samurai had a code of conduct. It was called

a. Banzai.

b. Chivalry.

c. Bushido.

d. Daimyo.
23. If a samurai lost honour, he was expected to

a. give away all his possessions.

b. become a Buddhist monk.

c. exile himself.

d. commit suicide.
24. Which of the following was not a branch of the bafuku?

a. day-to-day affairs

b. military affairs

c. religious affairs

d. justice
25. During the feudal period, Japan was

a. heavily influenced by Chinese culture.

b. run by a strong central government.

c. heavily influenced by Korean culture.

d. usually isolated from other cultures.
26. During the feudal period, which of the following groups had the lowest rank?

a. nobles

b. peasants

c. artisans

d. merchants
27. In feudal Japan, everyone knew their social rank:

a. A person did the same job as one's parents.

b. There was almost no opportunity to rise in social standing.

c. One's occupation determined one's social rank.

d. Social rank was determined by all of these factors.

28. Political power in feudal Japan was held by the

a. merchants.

b. emperor.

c. Buddhists.

d. Shogun.

29. In feudal Japanese society, women were considered to be

a. superior to men.

b. the equals of men.

c. inferior to adult men.

d. inferior to men.
30. A samurai who lost his feudal lord

a. had to commit suicide.

b. had to find a new lord

c. was considered a dispossessed samurai.

d. was called a "ronin."
31. The religion of the samurai was known as

a. Shintoism.

b. Buddhism.

c. Zen Buddhism.

d. Legalism.
32. Koku is

a. the name for the areas of Japan where rice is grown.

b. a special variety of rice.

c. the season in which rice is grown.

d. a measure of rice used as currency.
33. The daimyo who first started the process of re-unifying Japan in the sixteenth century was

a. Nobunaga.

b. Tokugawa Ieyasu.

c. Hideoyoshi.

d. Ashikaga.
34. Today, the ancient capital city of Yedo is known as

a. Nara.

b. Osaka.

c. Tokyo.

d. Nagasaki.
35. The daimyo who survived the War of Unification was

a. Nobunaga.

b. Tokugawa Ieyasu.

c. Hideoyoshi.

d. Ashikaga.
36. Following the War of Unification, the new shogun

a. taxed potentially disloyal daimyo heavily.

b. kept their wives and children hostage in Yedo.

c. kept them from living on their estates for much of the year.

d. used all of these strategies.
37. When Europeans arrived in Japan to trade in the sixteenth century, they introduced Christianity. As a result

a. the Japanese welcomed the new religion.

b. the Buddhists protested.

c. the shogun converted to Christianity.

d. Christianity was eventually banned.

38. After 1637, the Japanese

a. encouraged trade with Europeans.

b. cut themselves off from the rest of the world.

c. made a military alliance with Korea.

d. adopted European ways.

39. In Edo Japan, the economy

a. was stagnant.

b. grew slowly.

c. was very prosperous.

d. suffered greatly.
40. Which of the following developed during the Edo period?

a. the arts

b. the merchants

c. patriotism

d. all of the above
Short Answer Questions
1. Describe four ways in which the geography of Japan affected the cultural development of its people
2. Describe the major beliefs of Shintoism.
3. Evaluate the importance of the Nara period to the history of Japan.
4. Explain why imperial power was lost during the Heian period.
5. Compare and contrast the codes of Bushido and chivalry.
6. Compare and contrast European and Japanese feudalism, drawing on at least two examples for each.
7. What are the main features of Zen Buddhism?

Use the primary source provided to answer the following questions.

8. Why did Asano have to commit suicide?
9. How did the forty-seven ronin avoid suspicion until they were ready to act?
10. Give three reasons why their killing of Lord Kira would be seen as a violation of the Shogun's orders?

Use the primary source provided to answer the following questions.

11. What are the two primary political concerns of a samurai?
12. What must a samurai always be prepared to do swiftly?
13. In what three ways does Bushido differ strongly from the European code of Chivalry?

Use the copy of Figure 6-23 provided to answer the following questions.

14. Provide two attributes of this building which would make it difficult to attack.
15. State two ways in which this castle differs in design from European castles of the Middle Ages.

16. What does the picture tell you about building materials available in the area? What kind of geographic features do you think would be dominant?

(c) 1999 Prentice-Hall Canada, Inc. All rights reserved.


Windows on the Past
1. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 1

2. b

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 2

3. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 3

4. a

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 4

5. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 5

6. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 6

Time Line
1. c(d)

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 1

2. c(d)

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 2

3. b

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 3

4. a

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 4

5. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 5

6. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 6

Multiple Choice Questions
1. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 1

2. b

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 2

3. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 3

4. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 4

5. a

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 5

6. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 6

7. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 7

8. b

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 8

9. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 9

10. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 10

11. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 11

12. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 12

13. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 13

14. b

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 14

15. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 15

16. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 16

17. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 17

18. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 18

19. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 19

20. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 20

21. b

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 21

22. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 22

23. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 23

24. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 24

25. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 25

26. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 26

27. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 27

28. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 28

29. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 29

30. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 30

31. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 31

32. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 32

33. a

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 33

34. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 34

35. b

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 35

36. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 36

37. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 37

38. b

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 38

39. c

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 39

40. d

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 40

Short Answer Questions
1. Japan was a series of islands close enough to the Asian mainland for cultural contacts but isolated enough to develop a distinctive culture. The mountainous nature of Japan meant that there was little arable land (20 percent of the total area). These mountains provided natural boundaries for political development. The south of Japan was sub-tropical, which led to the development of rice agriculture.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 1

2. Shintoism was based on a deep love of nature. Deities (kami) were not gods, but resided in specific locations, and it was important to make pilgrimages to these locations and to build shrines there. There were no scriptures or creeds in Shintoism and the emperor, as a descendent of the Sun God, was believed to be in closest contact with kami.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 2

3. During the Nara period, a central government, a concept of taxation, a code of laws, and a degree of cultural sophistication were established in Japan. It was during this time as well that Buddhism was introduced to Japan and that many Chinese cultural traits were absorbed by Japanese culture.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 3

4. The Heian lost power because the Heian were very inward looking. They were more concerned with refining their lifestyle, appreciating beauty and nature, and appreciating aware (a concern with sadness over the shortness of life) than they were with the conditions their subjects faced.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 4

5. They were similar in that they were a warrior code of behaviour, concerned with social rank, and composed of knights and lords. Chivalry stressed entertainments and play fights (tournaments and jousting); many knights were motivated by greed; the code of chivalry was flexible, to some degree. The Bushido code of behaviour was rigid, with strong concepts of honour and dishonour; appearance was considered very important; and suicide was an (the) option for those facing dishonour.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 5

6. In both Japan and Europe, society was hierarchical and social rank determined one's place. Duties and obligations were clearly established, and work conferred status (or lack of it). In Japan, social behaviour was extremely important; merchants were lowest in social rank; farmers were relatively high in social rank; respect was very important; the country was unified; there was no single religion. In Europe, there was one powerful religion; many countries existed; the social status of merchants increased over time; serfs (farmers) were lowest in social rank.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 6

7. Zen Buddhism stressed the importance of meditation, contemplation, and simplicity. Austerity was seen as beauty, and discipline and inner tranquility were important. The tea ceremony was a focus of zen belief and practice, as it enhanced the concepts of tranquility, harmony, respect, and purity.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 7

8. Asano's actions offended the shogun.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 8

9. They lived peacefully, did not mention the tragedy, and some behaved foolishly.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 9

10. They acted out of revenge, killed an important official, and further insulted the shogun.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 10

11. diligence in serving his lord; perfecting skill in the military arts

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 11

12. to die

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 12

13. Bushido was very concerned with personal appearance and with personal honour. Suicide was seen as preferable to living in dishonour.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 13

14. The windows are very small and the building rests on top of massive foundations.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 14

15. The castle is not walled and the architecture is lighter and less severe.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 15

16. The sheer amount of rock used in the foundation would indicate that the area is mountainous and that stone is common. The trees in the foreground, and the complex nature of the roofs, would indicate the presence of forests.

Chapter:6 QUESTION: 16

(c) 1999 Prentice-Hall Canada, Inc. All rights reserved.

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