Industrial revolution

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Aisha Al-Dafaa

Industrial Revolution

Humanities 8C

March 21, 2010

Annotated Bibliography Project

"Nature Gallery (Global Trends)." Nature Gallery - Industrialization. Web. 19 Mar. 2010. .

The source Nature Gallery Industrialization offers the history and the world's stages of industrialization. It clearly explains the process from pre-industrial economies that were limited to primitive technology, transportation to long distance and the trading market that was affected by natural events. Although there is no precise origin, the source detailed the industrial revolution by the middle 18th century where it began in the United Kingdom and followed by the other countries of northern Europe and from the 1790's in the United States. It outlines how the process of industrialization gathered pace with every decade that passed. Further gave the classification of industry, the industrial transition leading to scale of production and technology then to the de-industrialization where a decline in the contribution made by industry to the economic prosperity of a nation. The facts shown how dramatic industrialization improved the life of people however as well caused greater tension between society and pressure on the environment of the overload of factories. The limitation is that it does not specify how industrialization had negative consequences but only states it did. It does not provide the depth of the seriousness to industrialization and how it effects the environment and social risk factors. No author to review literature.
Hacket, Lewis. "Industrialization: The First Phase." Industrial Revolution. 1992. Web. 19 Mar. 2010. .
Industrialization: The First Phase
The article offers quick brief to the overall meaning of the industrialized nations with an introductory summary of how people now compared to ancient times have products from mass production that is utilized in daily living and are non-reversible. The usefulness of the article offers that changes that led to the revolution and the important changes that impacted on people and the environment. It offers clear vision to how the revolution was important to our present system of life and how it affected peoples' lives and it does not end. However the impact of the growth leads to destruction such as the world wars. The article further offers how industrial revolution organized production and how it went from industry to factory. There is great details in regards to inventions and buildings of canals and railways which are the stepping stone to present inventions. The limitation is it did not present effect for such changes on the environment besides setting the war issues and the affect of the comparative to changes in the industrial world with the leading countries compared to the rest of the world. Society changed due to the revolution with both good and bad effects.
"IR Web: Industrial Revolution." Industrial Revolution. Web. 20 Mar. 2010. .
The Industrial Revolution

We find facts about the industrial revolution that is simply outlined. A summary of how it started in England leading to a more modern world. Inventions were followed by factories however such discoveries were not easily shared with the rest of the world. England wanted to keep its inventions and strong mind and production to itself by not allowing any of the workers to ever leave the country. The industrial revolution brought severe consequences to society. The factories growth required labour and the only way to have cheap labour was hiring children as young as 6 years and women. The factories profited from the production but society with cheap labour was below economic gain. The effects of unskilled and cheap labour was many of the children got sick from inhaling heavy fumes and some were killed working on dangerous machines. The machines were at a growth with production but the gains were not for the environment or the majority of people that were underprivileged in society. The article provides specific inventions and how these inventions were added to historical starting points. However the limitation was it gave specifics to the inventions but did not specify the effects of change although the inventions changed society and how people lived. It does not go in details to the environment effects to the revolution as a whole.

Blumer, Herbert. Industrialization As An Agent of Social Change - A Critical Analysis. New York: Walter De Gruyler, 1990. Print. David R. Maines Ser. Editor.
Industrialization as an Agent of Social Change

The book outlines complete author and editors' background to the writing. Although the author has his own perspective and analysis to social organizations, the manifestation of his views into the theory of industrialization process is different for different historical periods. Views state that industrialization are a function of the interpretive nature of human action and resembles a neutral framework within which groups interpret the meaning of industrial relations and the industrial sector must be viewed in terms of power relations. The book is useful as it focuses on what is factual and that is regardless of the methodology and theory used or preferred, namely that whatever is present in human society is the result of human activity. The author begins with his theory but relates it to how it reads into the environment changes and the effects on society. Production opened jobs with factories rising and inventions taking over many people's lives. However it was not done from a perspective of safety to our environment and our social living scale. Blumer's analysis of industrialization was limited based on that the points made by the author and the editors theoretical point of view not allowing for factual decisions or references. However it does allow for readers to debate bringing up further discussion and useful information to add to the perspective of industrial revolution.

Stalcup, Brenda. The Industrial Revolution. San Diego: Greenhaven, 2002. Print. Turning Points Ser.
The Industrial Revolution

The book has worthy primary source to the content and information. As it is part of many series with historical and revolutionary steps to where we are today. The book has useful outlines to briefing of the history of the industrial revolution setting a clear picture to what was the industrial revolution was about. It has useful contents that move you from the start of industrial revolution with Britain being the cause. Then spreading to Europe and Americans who were not sure of where to lead the country into industrialization or maintain their agricultural based economy. The book leads us into the birth of factories that altered the way people lived. The greater impact of immigrants moving into the United States for work looking for better life was another affect that added a burden to the cities and the country as a whole. The book clearly outlines the impact of industrialization and pollution making living in the urban cities unpleasant and unsafe. The book is well organized setting its phase from history to the beginning of industrialization to the impact on labour and the environment and to its impact on society of creating skilled labour. This book did not have much limitation to the topic of industrial revolution although more can be stated in regards to the effects of environment other than pollution and how society and the environment was not well thought out before increasing the inventions and factories that took over more land and limited the agriculture of our society.

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