Industrial Processes Machines Means of communication

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The Industrial Revolution 1700-1900

Industrial Processes


Means of communication

The First

Industrial Revolution:


and Steam:


1733: John Kay invents the flying shuttle.

1764: James Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny.

1769: Richard Arkwright patents the water frame.

1779: Samuel Crompton perfects the spinning mule.

1785: Edmund Cartwright patents a power loom.

1793: Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin.

1712: The Newcomen steam engine.

1769: James Watt patents a series of improvements on the Newcomen engine making it more efficient.

1807: Robert Fulton begins steamboat service on the Hudson River.

1830: George Stephenson begins rail service between Liverpool and Manchester.

The Spread

of the

Industrial Revolution:


1856: Henry Bessemer develops the Bessemer converter

1866: The Siemens brothers improve steelmaking by developing the open hearth furnace.

1859: The first commercial oil well is drilled in Pennsylvania.

1860: Lenoir's internal combustion two stroke engine

1836: Samuel F. B. Morse invents the telegraph.

1840: Samuel Cunard begins transatlantic steamship service.

1866: Cyrus Field lays the first successful transatlantic cable.

The Second Industrial Revolution: Electricity

and Chemicals: 1875-1900

1882: Edison's electrical generating station

1897: synthetic indigo made by Badische Fabrik

1885: Daimler's first petrol engine

1892: Rudolf Diesel patents the diesel engine.

1876: Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.

1899: Guglielmo Marconi invents the wireless.

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