Indiana Academic Standards Resource Guide World History and Civilization Standards Approved March 2014

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Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

  • Republic

  • Patrician versus Plebian

  • Senator and Roman Senate

  • Tribune

  • Consul

  • Dictator

  • Twelve Tables of the Law

  • Punic Wars and expansion of the Roman Republic

Teaching Ideas:

  • Read selections from the Twelve Tables of the Law. How do they address both political and societal concerns?

  • Have students compare Republic vs. Republic- How does the modern American Republic resemble the Ancient Roman Republic? Where do they differ?

  • Have students look at political roles from the different view points- what roles did Patricians play in the Roman Republic? What roles did Plebians play?


  • The Roman World

  • Ancient Rome

  • The Political Structure of the Roman Republic

  • From Roman Republic to Roman Empire

  • Who Rules?

  • The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal

  • Roman Slavery

  • Women’s Life in Ancient Rome

WH.2.6 Trace the changes that culminated in the end of the Republic and the formation of the Roman Empire.

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

  • Conflict between Patricians/upper class and plebians/lower class in Rome

  • Expansion of Roman territory

  • Civil War

  • Rise and death of Julius Caesar

  • Octavian to Augustus

Teaching Ideas:

  • Can you save the Roman Republic?


  • The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

  • Republic to Empire

WH.2.7 Examine the origins, rise, and spread of Christianity including the life of Jesus, and Christianity’s impact on the Roman Empire. (Sociology)

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

  • Jesus

  • Apostles

  • Paul of Tarsus

  • Constantine and the Edict of Milan

Teaching Ideas:

  • Have students map the journey of Paul


  • Rome and Christianity

  • Judaism and Christianity in the Roman Empire

  • Developments in Christianity

WH.2.8 Analyze the causes, conditions, and consequences of the decline and fall of the western part of the Roman Empire.

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

  • Inflation

  • Diolcetian and his reforms

  • Constantine and the move to Constantinople

  • Use of mercenary soldiers

  • General bad leadership of the Roman empire

  • Outside Invaders

  • Lack of innovation in technology and reliance on slave labor

Teaching Ideas:

  • Have students categorize the reasons for the downfall of Rome as either political, economic, social or military.


  • Decline of the Roman Empire

  • The Fall of Rome

  • Lesson 3: Rome Didn’t Fall in a Day

WH.2.9 Examine the significant achievements of the Greeks and Romans and their impact on the modern world. (Individuals, Society and Culture)

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

Teaching Ideas:

  • Have students give an example of a modern day connection to the Romans and Greeks with a justification in 2-3 sentences. (E.g. Lucas Oil Stadium as a modern version of the Roman Flavian Ampitheatre.)


  • Roman Art and Architecture

  • Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

  • Achievements of Ancient Rome

  • Greek Achievements

WH.2.10 Trace the development and major achievements of civilizations in India such as the Mauryan and Gupta empires. (Geography, Sociology)

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

  • Mauryan Empire and unification of India

  • Mauryan Empire under Asoka

  • Gupta Empire and its achievements: art, literature, science and mathematics

Teaching Ideas:

  • As a hook activity give the students statements similar to the following and ask if they are true or false: Indian astronomers under the reign of the Gupta Empire discovered the earth was round. The decimal system and modern numerals come from Indian mathematics during the Gupta Empire. Around 500 CE an Indian mathematician correctly calculated the value of pi to the fourth decimal.

  • Monument to the Stars


  • Gupta Achievements

  • Who was a better leader? Chandragupta or Asoka?

  • Asoka’s Edicts

WH.2.11 Compare and contrast the influence of Hinduism and Buddhism on civilization in India and Buddhism’s spread throughout Asia. (Psychology, Sociology)

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

Teaching Ideas:

  • Have students make a venn diagram comparing different aspects of Hinduism and Buddhism in India and Asia.


  • The Spread of Religions: Buddhism

  • Hinduism and Buddhism: Lessons for World History (Created at an NEH summer institute)

  • Lesson 2: An Edict of Asoka

WH.2.12 Compare and contrast the influence of Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism on East Asian civilizations. (Sociology)

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

  • Confucius and filial piety

  • Bureaucracy

  • Laozi and Daoism

  • Legalism and Hanfeizi and Li Si

  • Concentrate on the purpose of each philosophy as a way to bring order and stability to China.

Teaching Ideas:

  • Have students design a school around one of the philosophies- What classes would be taught? How would teachers interact with students? How would a classroom be physically arranged?


  • How would each doctrine react?

  • Belief Systems in China: Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism

  • Three Chinese Philosophies

  • Introduction to Confucius, Confucianism, and The Analects

WH.2.13 Trace the developments and achievements of the Qin and Han Dynasties. (Government, Sociology)

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

  • Shi Huangdi

  • Great Wall of China

  • Monopoly

  • Civil Service and Civil Service Exam

Teaching Ideas:

  • Compare and contrast the Roman Empire and the Han China.


  • The Qin and the Han

  • Examining the Reign of Qin Shi Huang Di

  • Han China/Ancient Rome

Standard 3
Major Civilizations and Cultural Interactions: c.600 A.D./C.E. to c.1300 A.D./C.E.

Students trace the development and interactions of major civilizations and empires in different regions of the world from c.600 A.D./C.E. – c.1300 A.D/C.E.

WH.3.1 Analyze the impact of trade networks such as the Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade network.

Suggested Terms/Key Ideas to Cover:

Teaching Ideas:

  • Have students create maps of the Silk Roads and Indian Ocean Trade routes. Ask students to identify what areas are connected, what goods those different areas produce, why certain areas might be connected, and what moves along the different trade routes and why

  • Students can participate in trading simulations (see below)


  • Bridging World History: Connections Across Land,

  • Bridging World History: Connections Across Water,

  • Indian Ocean in World History,

  • Indian Ocean Trade Simulation,

  • Marco Polo Takes a Trip,

  • The Silk Road Project,

  • Silk Road Simulation,

WH.3.2 Explain the rise and achievements of the Byzantine Empire.

Suggested Terms/Key Ideas to Cover:

  • Constantinople’s ideal location

  • Justinian

  • Hagia Sophia

Teaching Ideas:

  • Examine Byzantine mosaics of Justinian and Theodora. Have students make guesses about what the mosaics reveal about Byzantine power, society, and culture.


  • 12 Byzantine Rulers: The History of the Byzantine Empire,

  • Animated Maps of the Byzantine Empire,

  • The Byzantine Empires,

  • The City Walls of Constantinople,

  • The Slow Decline of the Byzantine Empires,

  • World History Analyzing Objects: Hagia Sophia,

WH.3.3 Explain the division between the Eastern and Western branches of Christianity as a result of the Great Schism of 1054.

Suggested Terms/Key Ideas to Cover:

Teaching Ideas:

  • Have students create a Venn Diagram comparing the ideas of Eastern and Western Christianity


  • The Great Schism,

WH.3.4 Examine the origins, rise, and spread of Islam including the life of Muhammad, and Islam’s division into the Sunnis and Shiites.

Suggested Topics/Key Terms:

  • Muhammad

  • Five Pilars

  • Caliph

  • People of the Book

  • Sunni

  • Shi’a

  • U’mayyad Dynasty

  • Abbasid Dynasty

Teaching Ideas:

  • Using the Three Religions, One God resource below, have students create a Venn Diagram comparing Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.


  • Access Islam,

  • Afroeurasia and the Rise of Islam,

  • BBC The Life of Prophet Muhammad,

  • The Islam Project,

  • Three Religions, One God,

WH.3.5 Trace the spread of Islam and its impact throughout Southern Europe, Northern Africa and Asia.

Suggested Topics/KeyTerms:

  • Damascus

  • Baghdad

  • Mansa Musa

  • Timbuktu

  • House of Wisdom

  • Astrolabe

  • Calligraphy

  • Scientific, mathematic, and medical contributions of Islam

Teaching Ideas:

  • Give students a timeline of the expansion of Islam. Have them create a map showing the advancement of Islam throughout Southern Europe, Northern Africa, and Asia. Ask follow-up questions regarding why and how Islam would expand to these areas and what effects it would have as a result of its expansion.

  • Students research and examine the voyages of Ibn Battuta,

  • Give each student in class a handout on a different invention/innovation created by the Islamic culture. Have them draw a poster to represent their invention. Then do a gallery walk where students rotate to each poster and record their findings.

  • Islamic Contributions to Science Webquest,


  • 1001 Inventions: The Legacy of Muslim Civilization,

  • Afroeurasia and the Rise of Islam,

  • Arts of the Islamic World,

  • BBC An Islamic History of Europe,

  • BBC Science and Islam,

  • BBC What the Islamic World Did for Us (Islamic Inventions),

  • Consolidation of Trans-Hemispheric Networks, 1000-1250 CE,

  • Contributions of Islamic Civilizations,

  • Expansion of the Islamic Empire,

  • Glimpses: Muslims’ Contribution to Science,

  • Islam in Africa,

  • Muslim Contributions to Science,

WH.3.6 Explain the role of Christianity as a unifying force in medieval Europe.
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