Indentured servants: migrants who, in exchange for transatlantic passage, bound themselves to a colonial employer for a term of service, typically between four and seven years. Their migration addressed the chronic labor shortage in the colonies and facilitated settlement.
Headright system: employed in the tobacco colonies to encourage the importation of indentured servants, the system allowed an individual to acquire fifty acres of land if he paid for a laborer’s passage to the colony.
William Berkeley – governor of Virginia who found the landless men to be a nuisance on society and crushed the rebels
Nathaniel Bacon – 29 year old planter who lead the frustrated frontiersmen who had been forced off their land
Bacon’s Rebellion (1676)
Uprising of Virginia backcountry farmers and indentured servants led by planter Nathaniel Bacon; initially a response to Governor William Berkeley’s refusal to protect backcountry settlers from Indian attacks, the rebellion eventually grew into a broader conflict between impoverished settlers and the planter elite.
planter elites searched for laborers less likely to rebel – BLACK SLAVES!!!!
The Atlantic Slave Trade
Middle Passage – transatlantic voyage slaves endured between Africa and the colonies. Mortality rates were notoriously high. The long and hazardous “middle” segment of a journey that began with a forced march to the African coast and ended with a trek into the American interior.