Imperialism in Africa – Fill in the Blank



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Imperialism in Africa – Fill in the Blank

During the early 1500s, Europeans such as Hernando Cortes conquered lands in the _________________. Most Native Americans were killed by diseases such as _____________. The Europeans wanted natural resources such as ___________ and silver. Many Europeans also wanted to convert the Native Americans to __________________.

Over 300 years later, many European _______________ remained the same. Europeans wanted to practice __________________, in which they could control countries outside of Europe politically, economically, and/or socially. Many European _______________ wanted to convert people to Christianity. The belief in _______________________ was also very common among Europeans which meant that Europeans believed they were superior to other races. Many Europeans felt a strong sense of ________________ which meant they wanted their country to gain more colonies than other countries. Lastly, many industrialized countries wanted Africa’s ____________________ such as rubber.

New ________________ meant that Europeans were able to go to new places that had been too difficult or dangerous to travel to before. The ______________________ resulted in improvements in transportation such as steamboats and ___________________. They also had new medicines, such as quinine, which helped Europeans manage _______________. Lastly, they had new weapons such as ____________________ which could fire many, many shots in one minute.

European imperialism in the Congo was the most extreme example of imperialism. King _______________ wanted to take over the Congo as his personal property. Other European leaders were afraid this would lead to war over African territories. Otto von Bismarck started the ______________________ in order to have European countries decide how they would divide Africa peacefully amongst themselves. They agreed that European countries would have to _________________ new territory and prove they could control it. Once Leopold II was given control over the ______________ he immediately began using violence to make the locals give him the raw material used to make tires in automobile factories: _______________. The Congolese were forced to spend most of their time collecting rubber from vines and didn’t have enough time to produce food. Additionally, soldiers and companies that were hired by Leopold II would often kill or hurt the Congolese to frighten them into collecting rubber. A common practice was to cut off peoples’ ___________. As a result of all of these practices, approximately _____________________ Congolese died.

It was a very different story in _______________. The king, ________________, knew that many European countries wanted to take over his land. He was able to play these countries off of one another while building a more modern army by purchasing new ______________. Eventually, the Italians decided to invade Ethiopia. Menelik II’s army was able to defeat the Italians at the Battle of Adowa in 1896 because their weapons were just as good as the Italians. Ethiopia was the only country to successfully ______________ European imperialism.



  1. 10 million

  2. Americas

  3. Berlin Conference

  4. Christianity

  5. Congo

  6. Ethiopia

  7. explore

  1. gold

  2. hands

  3. imperialism

  4. Industrial Revolution

  5. Leopold II

  6. malaria




  1. Maxim guns

  2. Menelik II

  3. missionaries

  4. motives

  5. nationalism

  6. railroads

  7. raw materials




  1. resist

  2. rubber

  3. smallpox

  4. Social Darwinism

  5. technology

  6. weapons

Imperialism in Africa – Fill in the Blank KEY

During the early 1500s, Europeans such as Hernando Cortes conquered lands in the AMERICAS. Most Native Americans were killed by diseases such as SMALLPOX. The Europeans wanted natural resources such as GOLD and silver. Many Europeans also wanted to convert the Native Americans to CHRISTIANITY.

Over 300 years later, many European MOTIVES remained the same. Europeans wanted to practice IMPERIALISM, in which they could control countries outside of Europe politically, economically, and/or socially. Many European MISSIONARIES wanted to convert people to Christianity. The belief in SOCIAL DARWINISM was also very common among Europeans which meant that Europeans believed they were superior to other races. Many Europeans felt a strong sense of NATIONALISM which meant they wanted their country to gain more colonies than other countries. Lastly, many industrialized countries wanted Africa’s RAW MATERIALS such as rubber.

New TECHNOLOGY meant that Europeans were able to go to new places that had been too difficult or dangerous to travel to before. The INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION resulted in improvements in transportation such as steamboats and RAILROADS. They also had new medicines, such as quinine, which helped Europeans manage MALARIA. Lastly, they had new weapons such as MAXIM GUNS which could fire many, many shots in one minute.

European imperialism in the Congo was the most extreme example of imperialism. King LEOPOLD II wanted to take over the Congo as his personal property. Other European leaders were afraid this would lead to war over African territories. Otto von Bismarck started the BERLIN CONFERENCE in order to have European countries decide how they would divide Africa peacefully amongst themselves. They agreed that European countries would have to EXPLORE new territory and prove they could control it. Once Leopold II was given control over the CONGO he immediately began using violence to make the locals give him the raw material used to make tires in automobile factories: RUBBER. The Congolese were forced to spend most of their time collecting rubber from vines and didn’t have enough time to produce food. Additionally, soldiers and companies that were hired by Leopold II would often kill or hurt the Congolese to frighten them into collecting rubber. A common practice was to cut off peoples’ HANDS. As a result of all of these practices, approximately 10 MILLION Congolese died.

It was a very different story in ETHIOPIA. The king, MENELIK II, knew that many European countries wanted to take over his land. He was able to play these countries off of one another while building a more modern army by purchasing new WEAPONS. Eventually, the Italians decided to invade Ethiopia. Menelik II’s army was able to defeat the Italians at the Battle of Adowa in 1896 because their weapons were just as good as the Italians. Ethiopia was the only country to successfully RESIST European imperialism.



  1. 10 million

  2. Americas

  3. Berlin Conference

  4. Christianity

  5. Congo

  6. Ethiopia

  7. explore

  1. gold

  2. hands

  3. imperialism

  4. Industrial Revolution

  5. Leopold II

  6. malaria




  1. Maxim guns

  2. Menelik II

  3. missionaries

  4. motives

  5. nationalism

  6. railroads

  7. raw materials




  1. resist

  2. rubber

  3. smallpox

  4. Social Darwinism

  5. technology

  6. weapons


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