Ill ILL not Art to reckon my crones. 1653 Walton Angler

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not Art to reckon my crones. 1653 Walton Angler Ep.
Ded. i, I have made aoTll u*e of your former favors. 17*7
Swift Gulliver 111. iv.So ill an eur for music. 178a Mann
in L*iU Lit. Men (Caiuden) 42J He «»* *"« iH-k«*«
prefer London 10 Paris. 1800 Aimmson Amer. Law Rep.
62 The declaration was ill, in not allcdging [etc.]. 1833
Lamu F.lia Ser. 11. I redding, I nm ill at describing female
apparel. 1870 Ri\skin /.tit. Art i. (1875^ 3 The first shoots
of it cnfcrl.Jed t>y ill g.udcning.

b. Of manners or behaviour: Not up to the
standard of propriety ; improper.

1586 A. Day Eag. SWn'tary 1. (16*51 12 We rebuke the ill
demeanor-. »f our children. 1601 hHAK.s. JivtL .V. I. v. 16j
01. Wh it manner of man? Mat. Of vcrie ill manner: hec*l
spcakc with you, will you, or no. 1655 Filleh Hist.Camb.
in. 54 III Manners occasion Good laws, ax the Handsome
Child 1 en of Ugly Parents. 1771 Ijolusm. Stoo/s to Con,/. 11.
iii, My ho*t seems ty think it ill manners to leave me alone.
1875 JowfcTT Plato cd. ») I. 15. I xhall have to praise
myself, which would l>e ill manners.
8. Of health or bodily condition: Unsound, dis-
ordered. Hence, of persons (formerly, also, of
parts of the body): Out of health, sick, indisposed,
not well; almost always used predieatively.
(The prevailing mod. sense.)

1-1460 Toumtlev Myst. xiii. ajt Hot a Ntkenc* 1 feyII that
haldys me full liaytt .. Thcribr full sure am I and yll.
c 1575 I*. H\k\ t.v Letter-bk, vCaindcn) 168, 1 .. am yet as it
almost as ever 1 was. .. Bui a* swne as I shal iccoover mi
hrlth letcj. 1399 SvLVtsrLR Du Bartas 11. i. m. Furus
581 Th' Ilhahiludc (turned J into the chill. 1999
Shaks. Much Ath 111. iv. 54 By my troth I am exceeding
ill, hey ho. i6«8 Winthrop Let. 7 Apr. in Hist. AVw
(185)11. 4J0 My hand is *o ill a« 1 know not when 1 shall be
able to travel. 1637 Bkian risse-Pmph. 1679) 11 \ Whereas
he. .before.. wa^sick but a little in jest, hefccU himself iIIrr
already with this message. 1660 Fepys Diary (1B75) 1.1*7
My eye was very red and ill, in the morning. 1687 A.
Loi-LLL tr. Thtvemefs Trot: 1. 3317 There was one little
Child ill of the Small-pox. 171a W. Rck.kks Voy. 160
Another lying dangerously ill. 173a Poik //or. Saf. 11. ii.
87 lit health some just indulgence may engage. 1806 Med.
XV. 380, I.. could set no other account from her, than
that 'she was ill all over . 1843 Sl" Ct Scudamoke Med.
i'tsit (Tra/enberg 50 One month after this attack, he wa«
taken ill in a similar way. 1849 James Woodman xii,
Children arc well and ill in at day. 1871 Napiikvs Prev.
hcCurt />/V. 33 Prolonged ill-health. 1897 Mamik Du:ki ns
My Father 66 A solemn clergyman ..summoned to adtuinU*
ter consolation to a very ill man.

9. In special collocations (often unnecessarily
hyphened): ill desert, the fact of deserving ill,
demerit, blaraeworthiness (so ill deserving); * ill
ease, discomfort, uneasiness; f ill eye « evil eye
(see Evil a. (>); ill fame (see ic); esp. in home of
ill fame (see IIouhe sb. 11) ; ill grace (see GHActi
sb.); till hail (see Hail sb* 2); ill house, a
house of ill fame; ill part (see Part sb.); f ill
rule, disorderly conduct, misrule (also attrib. ;
ill suooess, imperfect success (sense 6); often —
want of success, failure (cf. 5); ill temper rscc
Tkmfeb sb.); ill thief ^r.), the devil: see Thief ;
t ill year, misfortune, disaster [app. suggested by
Goodyeak]. See also 111 breeding, III humock,

1736 Biti.kk Anal. 1. vi. 113 Vitiou* and of Mil-desert.
1861 G. Mobekly Serin. Beat it. 14 None knows, as he
knows, his own weakness and personal i!l-de.seri. a 1850
Ro.vskvii Dante «fr Cin: ti. (1874) 280 My life acems m;ide
for other lives* "ill-case. toss G. Sandys Trav. 138
To defend them from mischance*, and the poi.-vou of
* ill tic*. 1607 Drvijkn Virg. Past. 111. 159 What Magick
has bewitched the Woolly Dams, And what ill Kycs bchHd
the tender Lambs? 1749 Fielding Tom Jopu-s xiv. iii, If he
had the leant .suspicion of me keeping an 'ill house. 1596
Nottingham Ret. IV. 111 For kepvng of "ylle reulle howr*
in hyr howssc, i«8o Xollyband I rcas. Fr. Toug, Btrfaus,
. .hou*e* of ill rule or uaming. 161$ G. Sandys /rav. 14s
Mil succeftse of the Chri.iiian annie», 1665
Pkpvs Diary
20 Aug., My Lord is unblameable in all this ill-success.
1796 Mom*k Amer. Gcog. 1. 291 The ill success of these c\-
lieditions. iM BANcnoKr Hist. 17. S. II. xxii. 25 Dis-
heartened by former ill-succe**. 1598 Barret Theor. Warres
120. I wish the "ill ycare to his Eggars and setterson.

10. In Comb.: see III- below.
B. sb. [absolute use of the adj.]

1. Evil, in the widest sense (-Evil sb. 1 a,; the
opposite of good. (Now chiefly in antithesis with

a 1300 Cursor .If, 939 Bath pc sod and il knauand. 1340
Hami-oi.k Pr. Cause, 1615 Wa till yhow )>at hays with will
pat ille e* uud and gud e» ill. a 1400-50 Alexander 4216
Pat we cuUie any-gates ses<>e betwyx uud and ill. c 1605
Rowlky Birth Afert. 11. iif Great good must have great ill
an opposite. 1734 pOi>e /.«. Man iv. in What make» all
physical or moral ill t 1850 Tennyson /// Mem. liv, Oh yet
we trust that somehow good Will be the final goal of ill.

2. Moral evil, depravity, wickedness, iniquity,
sin, wrong-doing, anh.

a imo Cursor M. 501 pai mai neuermar held til il. c 1375
Leg. Saints, Pau/us 8x> In yll |w tyrand had ale Ioy.
Audklay/Vt///iB Mon. .hat fre choyH. Weder he wyl
do good or ylle. 1380 SibNRV Ps. v. if. Thou haleHt all
whose worke* m ill are plac'd. 1608-33 Br. Hall Mtdit. 4
Kotvs (185s) 50 Those men, which will ever be either doitift
nothing, or ilf. 1697 Kkn Hymn% ' Glory to Thee • ii. Forgive
me, Lord, for Thy dear Son, The ill that I this day have
done. 1711
Steele SftcU No. 79 r 0 Many People call
themselves Virtuous from no other Pretence to it but an
Absence of III. 1818 Shkllky Rev. /slaw x. vi, Strange
natures nude a broth<*rh<*od of UL /bid.t Each one the
other thus from ill to ill did lure.


t b. A wicked or sinful act, a misdeed. 06s.
13.. A'. E. Allit. P. B. 377 Alle illez he hates as helle |mt
btynkke/; Hut 11011 nuyex tiym ..
A* harlottrye vnhonext.
a 1340 Hampolk Psalter vii. 3 Pride .. is rote of all ille*.
n 1533 IlJ- Hkhnkrii Cold. fik. Af. Aurel. (1546) Ggiv b, To
chustyse vs for our yllcs. 1604 Klix. Grymuton Miserere
xix. in Mnc*t If thou sinne offrines hadst desired .. How
gladly thoNe for ull my ille* I would haue yeelded thee! 1675
Otway Alcib. iv. L And set her 111m off with a winning
Dress. 1741
Mrs. Montagu Lett. I. 271 Who does an in

3. f a. Hostile, malevolent, or unfriendly feeling,
ill will: in phr. in iff, etc.; lo lake (a thing) in
{at, to) ill to take it ill, take offence at it. Obs.

1303 K. Brunnb HnndL Synne 5660 ?yt )aue he hyt with
no Kode wyllc, ltut kast hyt aftyr liyrn with ylle.
c 1330
Ckron. 11810) 75 Whan Alfrid & Guntcr had werred
long in ille. C1340 Cursor M. 31898 (Fairf.) Againe him
we were in il. a 1400 Octavian 115.1 s>'r»take hy "ol V11
ylle. c 1430 Syr (.ienrr. 7147,1 besech you take it not at \i.
a 1440 Sir Dfgrev. 44a V pray vow take hit not to ille.
Dlnbar Poems xxx. 20 Tak it nocht in ill

b. In reference lo opinion or the expression of
it: Something blameful, unfavouiable, unfriendly,
or injurious. (Perh. orig. the adverb: cf. next 2 h.)

1414 Brampton/V////. Ps. 18 Nc with here tungys blemysch
my name, And speke me ille. i960 J. Rogers Gt. Godly
I.oue 184 Not once one to hear yi of another. i6jtt B.
Harris Parivats /ron Age \ 1659) 264 Many l>ejian now to
speak ill of him. 1798
Mad. D'Arblay Diary Aug., I will
allow no man to spealt ill of LhimJ. .that he does not deserve.
1891 E. Pkacock A. Brendon I. 177 Plumer knew no til of
him. Mod. 1 can think no ill of him.

4. Evil us caused or inflicted; harm, injury,

c 1373 vSV. Leg. Saints, Paulas 182 pat man has done grct
il ay To fc&mc, bat ar to be lcle men. 1470-83 Maloky
Arthur xiv. v, What dost tliow here? He ansuerd J doo
nevthcr good nor gr^te ylle. a 1533 Ld. Dkknkrs Hhoh
c\fvi. 5SJ Al the ylles and damages that he hath done to
you. 1611 Iwiw.k Rom. xiii. 10 Loue worketh no ill to his
neighbour. 1689-90 Temple Health $ Long Life Wks.
17}i I. 984 The only 111 of it lie* in the too much or too
freuuiMit U*e. 1760 * Portia1 Polite Lady xxvii. 133 Lest
1 should do myself more ill than qood. 1816 Scott Old
Mori, xiv, Wad there be ony ill in getting out o' thae
ihieldft1 hand* an* ane could compass it 7

5. Evil as suffered or endured; misfortune,
calamity, disaster, trouble, distress, t To give
oneself ill, to distress or trouble oneself, to grieve.

a 1300 Cursor M. 3037 * Abraham ', (the angel] said, *giue
I* not ill'. a 1340 Hampolk Psalter xxii. 5, I sail dred nan
a 1400 Isumbras 93 Thay wepede sare and gaffe thame
ille. a 1450 Le Morte A rth. Bat He.. Sighed sore, and jcaflT
hym ylle. i«m Atkinson tr. De Imitatioue 111. xix. 212 As
gladly shall I take by thy grace yll as good, bitter thynges
:u» Mwete. 1598 You; Diana 33 One day I do conforme me
tomy fortune. And lo my griefe.. Next day mine yll doth vex
me, nnd importune My souk with thoughts of gricfe. 1660
F. Rkookk lr. Le Blanc's 7'rar; 141 They have their
nativity cast to know if good or ill shall befall them. 1771
Mackknzik Man Feel. xl. 11803' 76 We frequently observe
the tidings of ill coinmuijicateda» eagerly as the annuncia-
tion of good. 184a
Tknnyson Two I'ones 107 Still heaping
on the fear of ill The fear of men, a coward still.

b. (with//.) A misfortune, a calamity, a disaster;
an adversity.

a 1340 Hampolk Psalter exxxix. 7 Many yllyn are ugayns
me. 1546
Hkywood Prov. 11867) lo Oftwo yl*t choose ihe
least. 1548 Hali. Chron^ Edw. IV -x*i (According to the
olde provcrhc) one yll coinmelh never alone. 166s Drvoem
/ad. Emperor 11. fi, The Ills of Ixjve, not those of Fate,
1 fear. 174a (ihAV Ode Prospect Eton Coll. 61 No sense
have they of ills to come. 1796 H. Hlntkr tr. St.-Pierre's
Art/. (1799) Los We communicate to each other only
the ill* of life. 188B Hhvck Atner. Comttnv. II. xiv. 182
To enact some measure meant to cure a pressing ill.

0. Bodily disorder, disease, sickness. (Chiefly St.
or north.) Frequent in popular names of diseases
or distempers. Comitial ill% epilepsy: see Comitial
1 b. Sec also ihild-ill %.\. Chjm> sb. a 2.

< 1375 $£• Leg. Saints. Jacobus miiu*r 577 Full besyly can
he »perc Of his seknes pe nianere, And of pe cause al* of f*
He. X450 Mykc 365 That makcth a body to cache el. 151*
DotGLAs ACntis vm. Prol. 139 Sum langis for the liffyr ill
lo lik of ane quart. 1588 Gbef.nk Perimede* 8 Mightie men
cannot tuooke the tout h of their ill. 16$* Falling-ill [see
Falling ///. a. 5]. 1810 Siiri.lkv Peter Belt 1. iii, Peter
now grew old, nnd had An ill no doctor could unravel.
1893 NorthutnUd. Gloss.. Ill, a disease, The * milk ill' and
the * quarter ill' are diseases common among sheep.

17. The ill: That which is faulty or erroneous ;4
the wrong side in an argument. Obs.

K. Rklnnk (/iron. h8to) 100 pe bisshop schewed
him Kkille hat he mayntend }* ille.

8. In Comb.: see 111- II below.

HI (il\ adv. Forms: (? 2) 3-5 ille, 3-5 ylle,
3-6 yll, 3- ill, (4 il). [Early ME. Me, f. Ill a.;
cf. ON. ilia adv., Sw. iOa, Da. tide.)

In an ill manner, badly.

' the house is ill built \ But examples of the unnecessary
uw of the hyphen in the latter construction are very

frequent.) .

1. Wickedly, sinfully, blamcworthily. (In modern
use, with weakened force and associated with other
senses, e&p. 6 b.)

cieos Lay. 5436 pc king we* utille: & ^a swiken ttpeken
ille. c x«so {fen. \ Ex. 1706 Sichcm .. hire ille bTnam.
a 1300 Cursor At. 6331 {ton he herd tfruid tell pat bin folk


il don. ^1330 R. Brvnnk Chron, (iSso) 49 He
I my lord, ft my sonne fulle ille. /bid. 163 P* dede
id lllo. 1601 in Karr S. P. Klin. (184s) H. 439 My

had ful il don.
betraied m

|mt I did L

youth ill-«pcnt, and worne by worneii'* guile. 17*6 Siikl-
vockk Voy. round World (1757) 8 Plausible pretences for
behaving as ill as they pleased. 1793 Gouv. Momkim in
Sparks Life 4 Writ. (183a) III. 46 Kt. being a little more
drunk than usual, behaved extremely ill.

2. With malevolent action, "in an unfriendly
manner, unkindly, harshly, wrongfully.

c 1300 Havelok 1959 Hwo haues be bus ille maked.Jhis to-
rlucn, nnd al mad naked T 158a N.
Lichekikld tr. Castan-
%s Con?. A'. /na\ Ixxix. 16a b, The enimieg.. handejed
our men very ill. 1773 Mrs. Chaponb /mprov. Mind
(1774) II. 16 Those who treat you ill without provocation.
1830 Macaulay Let. to Napier 16 Sept. in Trevelyan Life
(18761 1. 200 If you had used me iU, I might complain.

b. With unfavourable estimation, blamefully:
chiefly in phr. to speak, think, etc. ill (of) \ *o\to
hear UL to be ill spoken of (see Heab la).

1548 Hall Chron.. //en. V///% 189 The! grudged, and
spake ill of the hole Parliament. 1615 G. Sandys Tm», 66
lie I is] ill reputed of that forbeareth so to do. 1631 Sandier-
son Sernt. II. 8 All our speeohe* nnd actions are ill-inter-
preted. 1644 Milton A reoA (Arb.) u N ationall c:orruptlon,
Tor which England hears ill abroad. 171a Aodwon Sped.
No. 439 f 4 A Man .. Inquisitive after every thing which is
spoken ill of him. 1849 Macavlav Hist. ii. I. 169
111 as he thought of his species, he never became a misan-

c. With hostility, aversion,displeasure,or offence:
chiefly in phrases to like ill~ + (a) to displease (obs.)%
{6) to dislike, be displeased with {arch.)\ to take ill
r* to take offence at, take amiss.

cimo Okmin 18270 He. .ricfcH*|>e )>inallderrdom And tet
t - thee it] ma)) ille liketin. a 1310 in Wright Lyric /'. xx.
6r Alle we »hule deye, thah uh like ylle. 14.. Tnudale's
P'is. 1033 Of that syght lykyd hym full ylL 1596 Harikg-
tun Meta/u. AjaxFrcf. (18x4) 2 Some will take it ill.,
liecause tney doe ill understand it. 1664 Evelyn Sylva xvii.
fi j. 36 'Hie Aspen, .takes it ill to have his head cut off. 1701
kowK Amb. Step-moth. Ded., The Town has not rcceiv'd
tliis Play ill. 1849 Macavlav Hist. Eng. x. II. 697 Thin
suggestion was so ill received that he made haste to explain
it away. 1854 H. Millkk S.y Schw. (1858) 480 Mr.
Stewart, .liked the move of hi* neinhbour. .exceedingly ill.

3. Sorely, painfully, grievously, unpleasantly.
Obs. exc. dial.

sajs Prov. /El/red 652 in O. K. Misc. 137 pe bicche
t ille. c 1400 Destr. Troy 10976 He gird htr to ground!
i lur yll £1489 Caxion Sonnes of Ay won xvi.
t f I ll hd


bitit ille. c 1400 D

and arcuil lur yll. 49 f y

367,1 praye you getc me some mete, for I am yll a hungred.
a 1550 Christis A'irhe Cr. xv, Sum fled and ill mischievit.
Mod. {Yorkshire dial.) He was ilUlfmmed.

f 4. lianefully, hurtfully, injuriously. Obs.

1483 Cath. Angl. 19S/1 IUe. malt, feruiciose. 1600 K.
Hloi/nt tr. Cont'staggio 34 They vho»e rather to counsell
him ill and please him, then to advise him well and con-
tradict him. 164a Mil ion Apol. Smect. Introd., Wks.
(1847) 80/3 An with him whose outward garment hath been
injured and ill bedightcd.

6. Unfavourably, unpropitiously; unfortunately,

(1315 Metr. Horn. 149 Ic haf sped ful ille. c 1460 TowneUy
Myst. xxvii. 6 Yll wan thou ded, so wo ix me that I it ken.
1993 Shaks. 3 //en. V/% 11. v. 55 111 blowes the winde that
profits no Ijody. 1600 £. Blount tr. Conestaggia 35 If it
.succeeded ill, the losse would be generall. 1657 R. Ligon
Barbadoes 11671) 95 A Town ill scituatei for if they had
considered health.. they would never have set it there.
1741 KicHARbuoN Pamela (1834) I. xxii. 973 Let them be
young or old, well-married or ill-married. 1770 Golohm* 111 fares the land ..Where wealth accumulates,
and men decay. 1864 Dor an Their Majesties Serv. I. „
But for the sympathy of the Ear! of I*eice&ter, it would
have gone ill with these players.

6. Of manner or quality of performance; A. Not
well; defectively, imperfectly, poorly; hardly,
scarcely. Sometimes (with mixture of sense 3),
With trouble, difficulty, or inconvenience.

a 1300 Cursor M. 93851 (GOtt.) Ill worth [Fair/. wor|>i) it
c» to tell pc fcild, pat noght auain J>c sede wil jeild. a 1400
/snmbras 558 Pourc mene pat myghte ille goo. e tifo
7'ownetey Myst. xiii. 1 Lord, what these wedcr* ar cold I
and 1 am yll happyd. 1586 A. Day E*g. Secretary 1.
(1695) 31 Things..ill beseeming or unworthy their reputa-
tion. 1654 Z.
Coke Logick U657) 35 A man cutteth ill if he
have a blunt knife. 1867 Milton P. L. xt. 163 111 worthie
I *uch title should belong To me tfmnsgressour. 1715 Poie
Odyst. vi.- 79 Blushes ill-restrained betray Her thoughts.
Ht. Martinkau Lije in Wilds iii. 34 We can ill spare
him. 1839 Murchison Silnr. Syst, 1. xxiv. 301 The u
Ludlow rock is ill developed. 1849 MJcavlav Hist. En*.
iv. I. 484 With an intemperance which..til becomes the
judicial character.

b. Badly, faultily, improperly; unskilfully.

1540 Hybdk tr. Vtod tnttr. Ckr. Worn. (1 «oa) I ti, If thou
answere not quickly, thou shall be called proud*, or ill
brpught up. 1570 Spemm Sheik. Col. June 7a, I play to

please myselfe, all
Eromena 138 No

* VST be it in. sS J. Havwaho tr. Biondi's

„_ JTot many words, and those lew ill exprest*

Koy. 1. 139 me noiucs are out tow ana 111
Von Dune. 1. 66 Figures ill pair'd, and SI
1774 Chwtbxf. Lett, (179a) I. lett. 49 (tr.) 134 I
common people, footmen and maW-seryantt.,

1670 Sin S. Caow in \%tk ReA Nisi, MSS. Comm.App* v.
13 The »ilke. .beeing ill woyen will shrink. 1607 Damhbr
Voy. I. 139 The Hduaes are but low and III built. tra8

~ II pair'd, and SImUe» unlflte.

. lett. 49 (tr.) 134 Shop-keeper*,

I maja-servaiitti All speak ill.

1873 M. ****** ~LH. & Dogma (1876) 85 The admitted
duties themselves come to b^lMl^argtdf 1895 tVatm.
Gam. a Apr. a/a The entertainer.. recited, by no means ill,
the celebrated • All the world's a stage * speech.
7. Phrases. ^ III at ease: see Ea«k sb. 7 b;
hence ill-ai-easeness (nonoe-wd.), the state of being
ill at ease. b. Ill to-do 1 in poor circuu

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