If the body of the people will not govern themselves, and govern themselves well too, the consequence is unavoidable-a few will, and must govern them



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"If the body of the people will not govern themselves, and govern themselves well too, the consequence is unavoidable—a FEW will, and must govern them. Then it is that government becomes truly a government by force only, where men relinquish part of their natural rights to secure the rest, instead of an union of will and force, to protect all their natural rights, which ought to be the foundation of every rightful social compact." – John Francis Mercer (A [Maryland] Farmer), Anti-Federalist No. 3, "New Constitution Creates a National Government, Will not Abate Foreign Influence, Dangers of Civil War and Despotism," Maryland Gazette and Baltimore Advertiser, March 7, 1788

"I am confident it must be, and that it is, the sincere wish of every true friend to the United States, that there should be a confederated national government, but that it should be one which would have a control over national and external matters only, and not interfere with the internal regulations and police of the different states in the union. Such a government, while it would give us respectability abroad, would not encroach upon, or subvert our liberties at home." – An Observer, Anti-Federalist No. 5, "Scotland and England - A Case in Point," Boston American Herald, December 3, 1787

"The Congress's having power without control—to borrow money on the credit of the United States; their having power to appoint their own salaries, and their being paid out of the treasury of the United States, thereby, in some measure, rendering them independent of the individual states." – Philanthropos, Anti-Federalist No. 7, "Adoption of the Constitution Will Lead to Civil War," The Virginia Journal and Alexandria Advertiser, December 6, 1787

"Men long in office are very apt to feel themselves independent [and] to form and pursue interests separate from those who appointed them. And this is more likely to be the case with the senate, as they will for the most part of the time be absent from the state they represent, and associate with such company as will possess very little of the feelings of the middling class of people." – Robert Yates (Brutus), Anti-Federalist No. 62, "On the Organization and Powers of the Senate (Part I)," New York Journal, April 10, 1788



"[A] little attention to the powers vested in the general government, will convince every candid man, that if it is capable of being executed, all that is reserved for the individual states must very soon be annihilated, except so far as they are barely necessary to the organization of the general government. The powers of the general legislature extend to every case that is of the least importance—there is nothing valuable to human nature, nothing dear to freemen, but what is within its power." – Robert Yates (Brutus), Anti-Federalist No. 17, "Federalist Power Will Ultimately Subvert State Authority," October 18, 1788


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