Identifying main ideas



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Chapters 17 and 18 Test: World War II

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS

1. What did Italy, Germany, and Japan have in common in the 1930s?



a.

They overturned traditional governments and established democracies.

b.

They were economic giants and together controlled world trade.

c.

They sought to solve their nations’ problems through conquest.

d.

They angered other nations by their persecution of the Jews.

2. What prompted the United States to enter the war in 1941?



a.

the imprisonment of Jews in German concentration camps

b.

the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

c.

the pact that the Soviet Union signed with Germany

d.

Germany’s invasion of the Rhineland

3. Joseph Stalin dominated the Soviet Union using the tactics of



a.

appeasement and neutrality.

b.

coaxing and persuasion.

c.

gifts of food and land.

d.

terror and purges.

4. The Axis Powers were named for the “axis” between which two European capitals?



a.

London and Paris

b.

Paris and Berlin

c.

Berlin and Rome

d.

Berlin and Warsaw

5. Although Communists and Fascists have traditionally been enemies, in 1939 which Fascist made a pact with which Communist?



a.

Hitler with Chamberlin

b.

Hitler with Stalin

c.

Hitler with Franco

d.

Stalin with Franco

6. During the early years of World War II, the United States



a.

organized several peace talks between the Allies and the Axis powers.

b.

stopped trading with all nations at war.

c.

tried to remain neutral while supplying weapons to Britain and France.

d.

sent military and economic aid to all nations at war.

7. What was one result of the Manchurian Incident?



a.

It greatly increased power of the Japanese army over the government.

b.

It greatly increased power of Korea over China.

c.

It greatly increased confidence in the Chinese over Japan.

d.

It greatly lessened Japanese military control.

8. Lebensraum was the term Hitler used that meant



a.

a dream of German domination of all Europe.

b.

a dream of German domination of the Soviet Union.

c.

more power for Germany over Italy.

d.

more living space for the Germans.

9. After Hitler had invaded Czechoslovakia and made a pact with Stalin, he invaded



a.

Poland.

b.

France.

c.

England.

d.

Japan.

10. In 1940, one of the greatest rescues in the history of warfare occurred



a.

in Denmark and Norway.

b.

in the Netherlands.

c.

at the Maginot Line.

d.

at Dunkirk.

11. How did Mussolini use gangs of Fascist thugs in Italy?



a.

to guard Allied prisoners

b.

to invade Ethiopia

c.

to draw up new laws

d.

to terrorize his opponents

12. In order to modernize agriculture in the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin



a.

encouraged small farmers to buy modern farm equipment.

b.

provided state funds to small farmers for more modern equipment.

c.

demanded that all farmers raise their levels of production.

d.

combined small family farms into collective farms run by the state.

13. Nazism was an extreme form of



a.

communism.

b.

fascism.

c.

nationalism.

d.

none of the above

14. What historical event contributed to the rise of fascism in both Italy and Germany, and to the rise of totalitarianism in the Soviet Union?



a.

the Spanish Civil War

b.

the Russian Revolution

c.

the Nuremberg Party rally

d.

World War I

15. The Vichy government of France adopted which of the following policies after Germany conquered France?



a.

resistance

b.

surrender

c.

appeasement

d.

collaboration

16. In what battle did Hitler launch the greatest air assault the world had yet seen?



a.

Battle of Paris

b.

Battle of Britain

c.

Battle of Dunkirk

d.

Battle of Stalingrad

17. Who inspired the British people to resist the German invasion?



a.

Charles de Gaulle

b.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

c.

Winston Churchill

d.

Jose Stalin

18. Who sailed into Tokyo Bay in 1853 to help force open Japanese trade to foreigners?



a.

P’u-I, Manchurian emperor

b.

Mao Zedong

c.

Matthew Perry

d.

Jiang Jieshi

19. Which was the real motive behind the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere?



a.

Japan wanted to liberate Asia from European colonizers.

b.

China wanted to expand its influence to the south.

c.

Japan, China, and Korea wanted to share their common natural resources.

d.

Japan wanted the region’s natural resources for its war against China.

20. Why did two Chinese leaders, Jiang Jieshi and Mao Zedong, unite?



a.

to help form the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere

b.

to fight the Japanese

c.

to defend the Burma Road

d.

to set up a puppet state in Manchuria

21. In September 1940, Japan allied itself with



a.

the Axis Powers.

b.

the Allies.

c.

the Chinese.

d.

the Dutch East Indies.

22. In the Manchurian Incident, the Japanese army



a.

acted on its own to overrun the whole of Manchuria.

b.

consulted with the Japanese government before entering Manchuria.

c.

was run out of Manchuria by the Chinese.

d.

made a pact with Russia in order to occupy Manchuria.

23. During the 1930s, the United States focused largely on



a.

preparing for war.

b.

domestic affairs.

c.

international affairs.

d.

international and domestic affairs.

24. Congress passed Neutrality Acts that were designed to



a.

support other neutral states around the world.

b.

support other nations in the Western Hemisphere.

c.

limit international involvement.

d.

allow nations to purchase weapons on credit.

25. A group of isolationists that included aviator Charles Lindbergh formed the



a.

Americans for Peace Committee.

b.

America First Committee.

c.

Neutrality Now League.

d.

American Anti-War League.

26. Which militant Japanese general became prime minister in October of 1941?



a.

Tojo Hideki

b.

Hirota Koki

c.

P’u-I

d.

Manchukuo

27. All of the following events led up to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor except



a.

Japanese forces took control of French Indochina.

b.

a group of isolationists formed to block aid to Britain.

c.

President Roosevelt froze Japanese financial assets in the United States.

d.

the Japanese looked to the Dutch East Indies for oil.

28. Shortly after Congress passed a war declaration on Japan, which other two countries declared war on the United States?



a.

Russia and Germany

b.

Russia and China

c.

Germany and China

d.

Italy and Germany

29. The United States began to emerge from the depression as a result of



a.

freezing rents and prices.

b.

producing goods for the Allied forces.

c.

increasing production of consumer goods.

d.

allocating raw materials.

30. On the home front during the war years,



a.

racial discrimination in employment practices ended.

b.

the Jim Crow system was banned by executive order.

c.

segregation ended in northern cities.

d.

African Americans took direct action to promote racial equality.

31. To meet the demand for war material, the American government



a.

took over the largest industries.

b.

built factories to be run by soldiers.

c.

hired foreign workers.

d.

directed the war production of businesses.

32. Henry J. Kaiser contributed to the war effort through his



a.

Office of Price Administration.

b.

ability to settle labor disputes.

c.

construction of B-24 bombers.

d.

revolutionary production techniques.

33. As a result of war production, employment increased and



a.

union membership rose.

b.

the cost of living dropped.

c.

taxes decreased.

d.

workers by the millions left unions.

34. To finance the war, the federal government did all of the following except



a.

launch bond drives.

b.

raise income taxes.

c.

use deficit spending.

d.

reduce corporate profits.

35. What was the main war strategy that Roosevelt and Churchill first agreed on?



a.

to concentrate on chasing the Axis Powers out of Africa

b.

to concentrate on fighting the Japanese in the Pacific

c.

to concentrate on winning the war in Europe

d.

to defend Great Britain against invasion

36. After the Allies gained control of Africa, what was their next target?



a.

France

b.

Japan

c.

the Pacific

d.

Italy

37. The Germans were finally halted in their advance into the Soviet Union at



a.

the Battle of the Bulge.

b.

the Kasserine Pass.

c.

the Battle of Stalingrad.

d.

Normandy.

38. After Germany surrendered, the Allies decided to



a.

return it to the German people.

b.

divide it in two parts and return one half to the German people.

c.

divide it in three parts, to be governed by Britain, the United States, and the Soviets.

d.

divide it in four parts, to be governed by Britain, the United States, the Soviets, and France.

39. After World War II, what organization was formed on the basis of the Atlantic Charter?



a.

the Yalta Alliance

b.

the United Nations

c.

the League of Nations

d.

the Warsaw Alliance

40. What action did the Nazis take to strip Jews of their German citizenship?



a.

forced all Jews to emigrate

b.

opened the Warsaw ghetto

c.

passed the Nuremberg Laws

d.

opened concentration camps

41. What was the “final solution to the Jewish question,” announced by the Nazis at the Wannsee Conference?



a.

kill all the Jews

b.

compromise with Jewish leaders

c.

force all Jews to emigrate

d.

draft all Jews into the German army

42. What important idea came out of the Nuremberg Trials?



a.

Concentration camps are against the law.

b.

A nation must allow its people to emigrate.

c.

Nazis denied German Jews their civil rights.

d.

Individuals are responsible for their own actions.

43. The goal of the Manhattan Project was to



a.

develop an atomic bomb.

b.

devise a strategy for invading Japan.

c.

build eight new aircraft carriers.

d.

defend New York City from submarine attacks.

44. During World War II, African American soldiers



a.

fought in segregated units.

b.

fought alongside white soldiers.

c.

were not allowed to fight.

d.

fought in the army only.

45. Mexican American laborers lived in Spanish-speaking neighborhoods called



a.

barrios.

b.

braceros.

c.

ghettos.

d.

slums.

46. During World War II, many Japanese Americans were interned, or



a.

sent back to Japan.

b.

told to leave the United States.

c.

confined to camps in isolated areas.

d.

given special privileges.

47. In 1988, Congress passed a law awarding each surviving Japanese American internee



a.

a new home.

b.

passage back to Japan.

c.

a college education.

d.

$20,000 tax-free money and an apology.

48. Because of the war, large numbers of women began to work as



a.

household servants.

b.

cooks and sales clerks.

c.

steelworkers and welders.

d.

factory managers.

49. What prevented Americans from spending the high wages they earned in wartime jobs?



a.

shortages of consumer items

b.

fear of going into debt

c.

desire to save money

d.

inflated prices

50. Which of the following best describes “code talkers”?



a.

aides to Roosevelt and Churchill who relayed messages between the leaders

b.

German-Americans who served as translators for the Allies

c.

women who worked as airfield control tower operators

d.

Navajo radio operators who helped secure communications in the Pacific

51. Which of the following took place on D-Day?



a.

the last fight to get American supplies across the Atlantic to Britain

b.

the first British and American landings in North Africa

c.

the start of the Allied invasion of Italy

d.

the landing of Allied forces on France’s Normandy coast

52. What finally brought an end to World War II?



a.

a massive Soviet invasion of the Japanese islands

b.

the appeasement of Germany

c.

a U.S. naval blockade of Japan

d.

the dropping of atomic bombs by the United States on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

53. V-E Day, May 8, 1945, marked



a.

the start of the largest landing by sea in history.

b.

the Allied attack on North Africa.

c.

the end of the war in Europe.

d.

the end of the war in the Pacific.

54. An important strategy used by American forces in the Pacific was



a.

blitzkrieg.

b.

island hopping.

c.

kamikaze attacks.

d.

the Bataan Death March.

55. With the words “I shall return,” General Douglas MacArthur promised to come back to



a.

the Philippines.

b.

France.

c.

Pearl Harbor.

d.

the Soviet Union.


56. Between which two consecutive years did production of passenger cars undergo the steepest drop?

A. 1941 and 1942

B. 1942 and 1943

C. 1944 and 1945

D. 1945 and 1946



ANALYZING A DOCUMENT (DBQ)

Use this poster showing a man in the military and a farmer during World War II to answer the following questions.

57. What was the main idea expressed by the poster?

58. According to the poster, in what way were overalls like a military uniform?



59. How does the slogan “Food For Freedom,” found in the circle in the bottom right corner of the poster, relate to the poster’s main message?



60. What assumption do you think the artist made about farmers in creating this poster?


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