Identifying main ideas



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Chapter 5 and the Constitution

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS

1. The Three-Fifths Compromise resolved the issue of



a.

whether larger states could have more representatives in Congress.

b.

how enslaved people were to be counted in the population.

c.

how many representatives each state would have in the Senate.

d.

whether Congress would have one or two houses.

2. Thomas Jefferson regarded the new government with



a.

contempt for its grand style.

b.

complete approval.

c.

disapproval of its checks and balances.

d.

distrust of its power.

3. What issue did the Great Compromise resolve?



a.

representation in the legislature

b.

the veto power of the executive

c.

whether taxes were to be paid in specie or paper money

d.

abolition of slavery

4. The electoral college was created to



a.

provide training for newly elected officials.

b.

explain presidential candidates’ positions on the issues.

c.

limit the people’s power to elect a President directly.

d.

produce a clear majority for one candidate.

5. Alexander Hamilton believed the new government would



a.

weaken over time.

b.

become a monarchy.

c.

become tyrannical.

d.

accomplish great things.

6. Which of the following was added to the Constitution to help gain the support of anti-Federalists?



a.

the national court system

b.

the Preamble

c.

the Great Compromise

d.

the Bill of Rights

7. How did the Nationalists regard Shays’ Rebellion?



a.

as proof that only a strong national government could prevent social disorder

b.

as a demonstration of Americans’ commitment to democracy

c.

as proof that the states had too little power

d.

as an example of how governments abuse their power

8. The anti-Federalists argued against the Constitution because they felt



a.

it created a weak executive branch.

b.

the Articles of Confederation did not need to be reformed.

c.

it made the national government too strong.

d.

it gave too much power to the people.

9. The main argument in support of the Bill of Rights was that



a.

they would help opponents of slavery gain the upper hand.

b.

they would protect the people from a tyrannical government.

c.

without them the United States would be a republican government.

d.

without them the country would fall into anarchy.

10. Following the War for Independence, most Americans wanted the power of government to be held by



a.

state governments.

b.

George Washington.

c.

the Continental Congress.

d.

the courts.

11. Shays’ Rebellion grew out of



a.

the widespread desire for more power for state governments.

b.

protest against strong government under the Articles of Confederation.

c.

unrest among Massachusetts farmers over taxes.

d.

dissatisfaction with the outcome of the Annapolis Convention.

12. Shays’ Rebellion convinced the Nationalists that



a.

only individual states could solve local problems.

b.

a dictatorship should replace republican government.

c.

a stronger national government was needed.

d.

specie should be used to pay off war debts.

13. One basic difference between the House of Representatives and the Senate is that



a.

the House has closer ties to the executive branch.

b.

the House is designed to be more responsive to popular opinion.

c.

the House shares power with state governments.

d.

the House is controlled by small states.

14. The anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because they thought it



a.

gave the state governments too much power.

b.

gave the federal government too much power.

c.

provided no way to change the Constitution.

d.

created a weak federal court system.

15. Which of the following was designed to ensure that the President would not gain dictatorial powers over government?



a.

the electoral college

b.

the system of checks and balances

c.

the elastic clause

d.

the Cabinet

16. According to the Great Compromise, the number of representatives in the Senate would be



a.

two for large states, and one for small states.

b.

the same number for every state.

c.

based on a state’s population.

d.

affected by the size of a state’s enslaved population.

17. In the 1780s, the Nationalists organized to



a.

create a unicameral legislature.

b.

promote the need for a stronger central government.

c.

fight against taxation.

d.

strengthen the power of the states.

18. For Secretary of State, George Washington selected



a.

Thomas Jefferson.

b.

John Adams.

c.

Henry Knox.

d.

Alexander Hamilton.

19. The main argument against the Bill of Rights was that



a.

they were too radical.

b.

no one could understand them.

c.

there was no need for them.

d.

they would result in civil unrest.

20. The Federalist was written



a.

to make a case for limited national government.

b.

to warn against the dangers of tyranny.

c.

to persuade New York to support the Constitution.

d.

to promote Washington for President.

21. Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government was



a.

divided into three branches.

b.

strong and unified.

c.

a loose alliance of states.

d.

headed by a king.

22. The Nationalists believed that the central government should



a.

only coordinate defense and foreign relations.

b.

keep governments close to the people.

c.

have no authority over the states.

d.

be strong and make nationally uniform laws.

23. The concurrent powers in the federal system of government are those



a.

delegated to the national government.

b.

held and exercised by both national and state governments.

c.

denied to national and state governments.

d.

delegated to the state government.

24. The system of checks and balances is designed to ensure that



a.

state legislatures will share power with the Congress.

b.

the Senate will not be controlled too much by the people.

c.

the President will be elected directly by the people.

d.

no one branch of government will gain too much power.

25. Which of the following was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?



a.

There was no national court system.

b.

State governments had no authority.

c.

Only Congress had the power to tax.

d.

There was no legislative branch of government.

26. The Federalists left their mark on Washington, D.C., as seen by its



a.

situation on the banks of the Potomac.

b.

formal, majestic style.

c.

narrow streets.

d.

religious motifs.


Matching

KEY TERMS

Match each of the following terms with its description below.

a.

anti-Federalist

d.

Federalist

b.

Bill of Rights

e.

ratify

c.

faction

27. opponent of the Constitution who wanted a weak central government

28. approve

29. first ten amendments to the Constitution

30. supporter of the Constitution who favored a strong central government

KEY TERMS

Match each of the following terms with its description below.

a.

constitution

d.

legislative branch

b.

executive branch

e.

republic

c.

judicial branch

f.

specie

31. branch of government that makes the laws

32. branch of government that executes the laws

33. government run by the people through elected representatives

34. gold or silver coin

35. branch of government that interprets the laws



IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

constitution

f.

separation of powers

b.

legislative branch

g.

veto

c.

checks and balances

h.

faction

d.

inauguration

i.

Cabinet

e.

precedent

j.

republic

36. something done or said that becomes a tradition to be followed

37. government structure in which each branch has the ability to limit the power of the others

38. head of the major departments of the executive branch

39. government run by the people through their elected representatives

40. part of the government that makes laws

41. plan of government that describes the different parts of the government and their duties and powers

42. the division of government into three branches

43. group concerned only with its own interests

44. official swearing-in ceremony

45. the power to prohibit an act from becoming a law

IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

system of checks and balances

f.

Cabinet

b.

Three-Fifths Compromise

g.

Articles of Confederation

c.

constitution

h.

legislative branch

d.

Virginia Plan

i.

electoral college

e.

Bill of Rights

j.

judicial branch

46. The ____ guarantees that the individual freedoms of American citizens will be protected.

47. The ____, favored by the large states, called for a legislature with representation in proportion to a state’s population.

48. The candidate who receives the majority of votes in the ____ becomes President of the United States.

49. Under the ____, a portion of enslaved people were to be counted as part of a state’s population.

50. The part of government made up of judges and courts that interpret the law is the ____.

51. The President appoints the ____, the heads of the major departments of the executive branch.

52. Under the ____, the United States government consisted of a legislature which both passed and enforced the laws.

53. The power of the President to veto acts of Congress is an example of the ____.

You may use each choice MORE THAN ONCE. Choose the MOST SPECIFIC answer that answers the question. For instance, if there is a particular clause that answers the question, do NOT choose the Article or the Amendment, choose the clause.



a.

Preamble

n.

Fifth Amendment

b.

Article I

o.

Sixth Amendment

c.

Article I, Section 8

p.

Seventh Amendment

d.

Article II

q.

Eighth Amendment

e.

Article III

r.

Ninth Amendment

f.

Article IV

s.

Tenth Amendment

g.

Article V

t.

Thirteenth Amendment

h.

Article VI

u.

Fourteenth Amendment

i.

Article VII

v.

Fifteenth Amendment

j.

First Amendment

w.

Elastic Clause

k.

Second Amendment

x.

Free Exercise Clause

l.

Third Amendment

y.

Establishment Clause

m.

Fourth Amendment

z.

Full Faith and Credit Clause

54. Legislative branch of the US is described

55. You have the right to remain silent

56. No cruel and unusual punishment allowed

57. Most powers of Congress can be found here.

58. Why can’t Congress stop Jews from lighting the menorah at Hannukah?

59. Just because there is a list of rights in the Constitution does not mean that people do not have more rights than those listed.

60. If you are born in the US, or if you are naturalized, you are a citizen of the US and the state in which you live

61. What part of the Constitution does Mr. Mermelstein say will be tested in the courts shortly as a result of some states allowing same-sex marriage while others say they will not recognize them?

62. Where can you find 6 reasons for the creation of the Constitution?

63. Right to petition the government

64. Although more than 70% of the US is Christian, why can’t Congress say that Christianity is the official religion of the United States?

65. Freedom of the Press

66. Freedom of Speech

67. Judicial branch of the US is described

68. Even if you are purple, you are allowed to vote

69. No state can violate “the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States”, which means that most (or all) of the Bill of Rights restricts the states

70. Freedom to peaceably assemble

71. You have the right to an attorney

72. Executive branch of the US is described

73. Right to bear arms

74. Congress’ right to make any law “necessary and proper” for carrying out its powers

75. No slavery in the US unless one is convicted of a crime

76. Right to not be charged again of a crime for which you’ve already been found “not guilty”

77. How can the Constitution be changed?

78. Right to be secure in your persons, houses, papers and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures

79. Any power not mentioned in the Constitution belongs to the states or to the people

KEY TERMS

Match each of the following terms with its description below.

a.

administration

d.

inauguration

b.

Cabinet

e.

precedent

c.

domestic affairs

80. term of office

81. act or statement that becomes an example, rule, or tradition

82. internal matters of a country



KEY TERMS

Match each of the following terms with its description below.

a.

amend

d.

separation of powers

b.

checks and balances

e.

Three-Fifths Compromise

c.

federal system of government

f.

veto

83. agreement to count three fifths of a state’s enslaved population when determining representation

84. to revise

85. system in which each branch of government has the power to check the other branches

86. form of government in which power is shared between the states and the national government

Short Answer

ANALYZING A DOCUMENT

The following are words Benjamin Franklin used to urge his fellow delegates to the Constitutional Convention to adopt the Constitution. Read them, and then answer the questions below.



. . . When you assemble a number of men to have the advantage of their joint wisdom, you inevitably assemble with those men all their prejudices, their passions, their errors of opinion, their local interests and their selfish views. From such an assembly can a perfect production be expected? It therefore astonishes me, sir, to find this system approaching so near to perfection as it does . . . Thus I consent, sir, to this Constitution, because I expect no better, and because I am not sure that it is not the best. The opinions I have had of its errors I sacrifice to the common good.



—Henry D. Gilpin, Ed., The Papers of James Madison (New York, 1841)

87. Why did Franklin support a Constitution that he felt was not perfect?

88. Did Franklin believe the Constitution was perfect? Explain.

89. According to Franklin, what happens when a diverse group of people comes together?

90. This question does NOT have anything to do with the Franklin quote. (3 points) At the Constitutional Convention, why did Virginia favor a plan by which states with larger populations would have more voting power in Congress than states with smaller populations?



Essay - Answer any 2 (I will grade the first 2 you answer). They are worth 4 points each.

CRITICAL THINKING

91. Identifying Central Issues Explain why anti-Federalists objected to the proposed Constitution.

92. Demonstrating Reasoned Judgement Why do you think Washington behaved so carefully during his presidency?

93. Identifying Central Issues At the Constitutional Convention, delegates debated whether or not slaves should be included when calculating a state’s population. Why was this issue important, and how was the debate resolved?



94. Relating Past to Present List and explain at least 3 ways in which the Constitution is still relevant today.


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