Identifying main ideas

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Name ____________________________ Date ___________________ Block ________________

Chapter 15 and 16 Study Guide/EQT Review

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.


____ 1. When the Dow Jones Industrial Average began to drop sharply in late October 1929,

a. investors bought record shares of stock. b. bankers pardoned personal loans and mortgages. c. President Hoover warned Americans to stop investing. d. investors raced to get their money out of the stock market.

____ 2. A major environmental crisis of the 1930s was known as

a. the Dust Bowl. b. the Grapes of Wrath. c. Black Tuesday. d. the Great Crash.

____ 3. During the Depression, African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans

a. made great strides in equal rights legislation. b. often lost jobs to white laborers. c. were less affected than other groups. d. were encouraged to start their own businesses.

____ 4. In 1933, the Twenty-first Amendment brought an end to

a. Prohibition. b. stock speculation. c. the Depression. d. the United States Communist Party.

____ 5. What was one effect of the wage cuts and unemployment of the 1930s?

a. The divorce rate nearly tripled. b. Banks pardoned thousands of farm mortgages. c. Hoovervilles sprang up in the nation’s cities. d. Most industries gave top jobs to married women.

____ 6. President Hoover believed that the best strategy for ending the Depression was

a. encouraging massive government spending. b. lowering import duties. c. setting up federal relief programs. d. encouraging voluntary controls in the business sector.

____ 7. After the Crash, thousands of American banks closed, because they

a. had to print new money. b. could not return depositors’ money. c. had invested in European banks. d. charged too high an interest rate.

____ 8. The collapse of the American economic system

a. affected only the German economy. b. boosted American investment in Europe. c. led to a worldwide depression. d. increased demand for American-made goods.

____ 9. Dorothea Lange’s photographs of migrant workers

a. appeared in The Grapes of Wrath. b. angered many unemployed mothers. c. were lost in the Dust Bowl. d. helped win aid for the workers.

____ 10. Roosevelt easily won the 1932 presidential election by promising

a. a New Deal for Americans. b. repeal of the Hawley-Smoot Tariff. c. lower taxes. d. a White House conference on business.

____ 11. Which best describes FDR’s “brain trust”?

a. the members of FDR’s Cabinet b. an informal group of intellectuals who helped devise New Deal policies c. the heads of the new government agencies d. the presidents of the country’s leading universities

____ 12. What was the Second New Deal?

a. a series of tax laws that primarily benefited the rich b. a program designed to balance the national budget c. a repeal of most New Deal policies d. a wave of legislation including more social welfare benefits

____ 13. The “black cabinet” was

a. an unofficial group of African American officeholders. b. a loose coalition of opponents to the New Deal. c. the nickname given to Roosevelt advisers Harry Hopkins and Harold Ickes. d. African American Cabinet members who opposed the New Deal.

____ 14. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt defied tradition by

a. serving as one of her husband’s Cabinet members. b. refusing most public appearances. c. actively and aggressively promoting the New Deal. d. rallying opposition to many of her husband’s programs.

____ 15. FDR aroused the most opposition when he

a. failed to balance the budget. b. refused to use the militia against the General Motors strike. c. attempted to “pack” the Supreme Court. d. earmarked WPA funds for the arts.

____ 16. Which of the following best characterizes Roosevelt’s first hundred days in office?

a. He abolished the banking system and government building projects. b. He avoided direct action and sent problems to committees for study. c. He pushed Congress to pass legislation to improve the economy. d. He concentrated on programs that strengthened big business.

____ 17. Under the New Deal, labor unions were

  1. legalized and grew stronger. b. attacked and became weak. c. fined for racial discrimination. d. given almost unlimited power.

____ 18. Sit-down strikes were so successful that

a. the Supreme Court outlawed them. b. employers hired only nonunion workers. c. unions won all their demands. d. Congress passed the Wagner Act.

____ 19. All of the following New Deal agencies still endure today except the

a. Tennessee Valley Authority. b. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. c. Civilian Conservation Corps. d. Securities and Exchange Commission.

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