Identifying key terms, people, and places



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Matching

IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

Common Sense

b.

boycott

c.

Battle of Trenton

d.

French and Indian War

e.

profiteering

f.

Pontiac’s Rebellion

g.

Battle of Bunker Hill

h.

militia

i.

Albany Plan of Union

j.

Proclamation of 1763

k.

mercenary

l.

Stamp Act

m.

Declaration of Independence

n.

blockade

____ 1. The ____ pitted the British and American colonists against the French and their Native American allies.

____ 2. A ____ is a group of armed citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency.

____ 3. During ____, Native Americans in the Great Lakes region fought against the British.

____ 4. King George issued the ____ to close the region west of the Appalachians to colonial settlement.

____ 5. The ____ placed a tax on colonial newspapers and other printed materials.

____ 6. Thomas Paine wrote ____ to urge colonists to break from Britain.

____ 7. The four sections of the ____ explained why the colonies should cut their ties to Britain.

____ 8. A ____ is a foreign soldier hired to fight a war.

____ 9. The ____ was fought on Christmas night, 1776.

____ 10. A ____ is a naval action designed to isolate an area from outside contact.

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS

____ 11. The French and Indian War led to



a.

a massive migration to Canada.

b.

a weakening of colonial loyalty to Britain.

c.

the end of Britain’s involvement in colonial affairs.

d.

an increased colonial dependence on Britain.

____ 12. The Revolutionary War began with the



a.

Battle of Saratoga.

b.

Battle of Trenton.

c.

Battles of Lexington and Concord.

d.

Battle of Bunker Hill.

____ 13. The Americans won the Revolutionary War mainly because



a.

their armies were better trained and disciplined than the British.

b.

British arms were inferior to American arms.

c.

they had the determination to outlast the British.

d.

the American navy was superior to the British navy.

____ 14. What was a major advantage of the American side in the Revolutionary War?



a.

Patriot forces were fighting on their own territory.

b.

British forces were not well equipped.

c.

Americans had a well-supplied, stable, and effective fighting force.

d.

The British people strongly supported their forces fighting in the colonies.

____ 15. After the fall of Quebec, eastern North America was controlled by



a.

the French.

b.

the British.

c.

the French and Native Americans.

d.

the colonists.

____ 16. One consequence of the French and Indian War was that



a.

the colonists began to see themselves as different from the British.

b.

the British lost interest in the American colonies.

c.

the British granted the colonists their independence.

d.

the colonists allied themselves with France.

____ 17. The introduction to the Declaration of Independence is sometimes called



a.

the preamble.

b.

the declaration of rights.

c.

the summary.

d.

the resolution of independence.

____ 18. The Battles of Trenton and Princeton were important because they



a.

destroyed the entire Brioche army.

b.

boosted Patriot morale.

c.

convinced the British to surrender.

d.

led the British to believe that the Patriots could be quickly defeated.

____ 19. The Battle of Yorktown resulted in



a.

a victory for the Patriot navy.

b.

the capture of Hessian mercenaries.

c.

the signing of the Treaty of Paris.

d.

a Patriot retreat into Virginia.

____ 20. According to the Treaty of Paris, the new United States would control



a.

New England and all the lands west of the Mississippi River.

b.

all the land from New England to the Mississippi River and north to the Great Lakes.

c.

Florida and all the lands west.

d.

British Canada and the Spanish territory.


Short Answer

INTERPRETING A POLITICAL CARTOON



Britons within the Yankeean Plains,

Mind how Ye March &Trend

The American Rattle Snake

The Serpent in the Congress’s Reigns,

As well as in the French

21. Who does the rattlesnake represent?

22. The snake boasts that it has already defeated two British armies. What is meant by the snake’s statement “…and room for more I’ve got behind”?

23. The cartoon is meant as a warning to what nation?

24. What impression does the cartoon give about the strength of the Americans?

ANALYZING A DOCUMENT

The verses below come from a colonial poem entitled “A Lady’s Adieu to Her Tea-Table.” Read them and then answer the following questions below.




Farewell the Teaboard with your gaudy attire,

Ye cups and saucers that I did admire;

To my cream pot and tongs I now bid adieu;

That pleasure’s all fled that I once found in you...

No more shall my teapot so generous be

In filling the cups with this pernicious [evil] tea,

For I’ll fill it with water and drink out of same,

Before I’ll lose Liberty that dearest name...


25. What action of colonial protest does this poem reflect?

26. Why do you think this poem might have been written and distributed?

27. What does she hope this action will win for her and the colonies?



Essay

CRITICAL THINKING

28. Determining Relevance Why do you think Thomas Paine’s Common Sense had so strong an effect on so many Americans?



29. Making Comparisons Compare American and British advantages and disadvantages during the Revolutionary War.

30. Identifying Central Ideas Explain the thinking behind the protest “no taxation without representation!”


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