Identifying key terms, people, and places



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Civil War NEEDS

Matching

IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES

Match each item with the correct statement below.

a.

war of attrition

b.

Anaconda Plan

c.

draft

d.

recognition

e.

Emancipation Proclamation

f.

Gettysburg Address

g.

siege

h.

Thirteenth Amendment

____ 1. In a ____, one side inflicts continuous losses on an enemy to wear down its strength.

____ 2. The Confederacy hoped to gain status as an independent nation by gaining ____ from Britain and France.

____ 3. President Lincoln issued the ____ to free enslaved people in areas under Confederate control.

____ 4. President Lincoln’s ____ redefined the ideas of freedom and equality in the United States.

____ 5. The ____ ended slavery in the United States.



Completion

Complete each sentence or statement.

IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES

Complete each of the following sentences by identifying the correct term in parentheses.

6. Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a book that attacked ____________________ (southern politicians, slavery, northern industrialists).

7. The biggest technological change in this period was the appearance of the ____________________ (railroad, telegraph, steamship).

8. The key difference between the North and the South was ____________________ (slavery, cotton, population).



Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS

____ 9. As a result of the Bear Flag Revolt, Captain John C. Frémont



a.

drove out the Mexican army.

b.

moved into California.

c.

crossed into New Mexico.

d.

none of the above

____ 10. In the 1858 Illinois Senate race, Stephen Douglas defeated



a.

Abraham Lincoln.

b.

James Buchanan.

c.

Robert E. Lee.

d.

John Brown.

____ 11. After the Emancipation Proclamation, many African Americans



a.

boarded trains for the West.

b.

opened weapons factories.

c.

rushed to join the Union army.

d.

started getting paid by planters.

____ 12. The Reconstruction Act of 1867



a.

closed the South to Democrats.

b.

closed the South to scalawags.

c.

put the South under military rule.

d.

gave voting rights to all Southerners.

____ 13. In 1870, thanks to the Fifteenth Amendment, southern black men



a.

voted for the first time.

b.

took charge of the Senate.

c.

received free government land.

d.

produced their own Reconstruction plan.


Short Answer

ANALYZING A DOCUMENT

Shortly before being executed for leading the attack on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, John Brown was interviewed by Senator James Mason of Virginia. Read the excerpt and answer the following questions.





Senator Mason: What was your object in coming?
John Brown: We came to free the slaves, and only that.
Senator Mason: How do you justify your acts?
John Brown: I think, my friend, you are guilty of a great wrong against God and humanity . . . and it would be perfectly right for anyone to interfere with you so far as to free those you willfully and wickedly hold in bondage. . . .

14. What was the goal of John Brown’s raid?



KEY TERMS

Briefly explain how each of the following relates to the Civil War.

15. canister

16. Thirteenth Amendment

ANALYZING A DOCUMENT

Below are the opening lines of the Gettysburg Address. Read them and then answer the questions below.



Four score and seven [eighty-seven] years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.


Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that nation might live. . . .



—Abraham Lincoln, 1863

17. According to Lincoln, what was his purpose in coming to Gettysburg?



INTERPRETING A CARTOON

18. What is one action the KKK took to make the lives of African Americans “worse than slavery”?



Essay

CRITICAL THINKING

19. Identifying Assumptions Why did the South assume that France and Britain would back the Confederacy? Was this assumption correct?



20. Demonstrating Reasoned Judgement At the start of the Civil War, why do you think many Americans favored the North to win?


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