Identifying key terms, people, and places



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IDENTIFYING KEY TERMS, PEOPLE, AND PLACES

Match each item with the correct statement below. You will not use all the items.

a.

Chief Joseph

b.

Exodusters

c.

Populists

d.

boomers

e.

Chief Sitting Bull

f.

land speculators

g.

the Grange

h.

Frederick Jackson Turner

i.

William Jennings Bryan

j.

George Armstrong Custer

____ 1. bought up large areas of land in the hope of selling it later for a profit

____ 2. migrated to western lands to escape racial violence faced in the South

____ 3. led the Nez Percé in their flight from the United States Army

____ 4. raced across Indian Territory to stake land claims

____ 5. helped farmers form cooperatives

____ 6. ran as the Democratic and Populist Party nominee in the presidential election of 1896

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

IDENTIFYING MAIN IDEAS

____ 7. In families on the homestead, what did women do?



a.

cooked, cleaned, and made and washed clothes

b.

raised and schooled the children

c.

raised food crops

d.

all of the above

____ 8. In their platform, the Populists included provisions for



a.

free silver, a progressive income tax, and an eight-hour day.

b.

changing to the gold standard and ending any government regulation of business.

c.

private ownership of communications and transportation systems.

d.

excluding African Americans from Populist Party membership.

____ 9. Which of the following contributed to the cattle ranching boom?



a.

technical advances

b.

falling crop prices

c.

expansion of the railroads

d.

dry farming

____ 10. Farmers generally favored



a.

lower crop prices.

b.

higher tariffs.

c.

lower tariffs.

d.

the gold standard.

____ 11. Bankers supported deflation because this policy would



a.

increase the money supply.

b.

end the gold standard.

c.

increase the value of money.

d.

enable farmers to pay off their debts.

____ 12. In the 1880s, American Presidents most often protected the interests of



a.

the general public.

b.

western and southern farmers.

c.

miners and ranchers.

d.

business and industry.


Short Answer

KEY TERMS

Briefly define or identify each of the following terms.

13. Exodusters

14. bonanza farms

15. long drive



INTERPRETING A GRAPHIC


16. In what part of the country is this graphic set? How can you tell?



ANALYZING A DOCUMENT

Below are lines from a song written during the California Gold Rush. Read it, and then answer the questions below.



Come all ye poor men of the north who are working for your lives

For to support your families, your children and your wives;

There is easier ways of gaining wealth than toiling night and day;

Go and dig the gold that lies in California!

On every lofty mountain, on every sunny plain,

The gold dust lies glittering like dewdrops after rain.

Beneath the shade of every tree, among the flowers so gay,

It is there we’ll dig the gold that lies in California . . .



—Library of Congress

17. According to this song, why should men give up their jobs in the North?

18. Does the song suggest that it was difficult to find gold in California? Explain.

Essay

CRITICAL THINKING

19. Formulating Questions Imagine you lived in the late 1800s and were thinking of migrating west. What are four questions you would ask a homesteader in the Dakotas to determine if you would like to migrate there?



20. Making Comparisons Compare the ways in which Native Americans and homesteaders used land on the Great Plains.



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