I. introduction



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480 “Cuba deberá rendir cuentas al comité de los derechos del niño en 2015 [Cuba must render accounts to the Committee on the Rights of the Child in 2015,” published by CRE Satelital, on October 28, 2014. See also (in Spanish): http://www.martinoticias.com/content/cuba-derechos-del-nino-conflictos-armados/78452.html

481 Committee on the Rights of the Child, Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 44 of the Convention. Concluding observations: Cuba, CRC/C/CUB/CO/2, June 20, 2011, paragraph 41.

482 Reform regulations, entered into force in January 2013; see also Decree 217 of 1997; and Human Rights Watch, World Report 2014: Cuba, http://www.hrw.org/world-report/2014/country-chapters/cuba

483 El Nuevo Herald, “Disidentes cubanos piden el apoyo a proyectos de defensa homosexuales en Cuba [Cuban dissidents request support for projects to defend homosexuals in Cuba],” July 30, 2013, available at (in Spanish): http://www.elnuevoherald.com/2013/07/23/1532776/disidentes-cubanos-piden-el-apoyo.html.

484 Yancuic, “Cuba: Asesoría legal frente a la homofobia [Cuba: legal advice to confront homophobia],” November 5, 2013, available at: http://www.yancuic.com/yancuic/noticia/35581

485 Private meeting of the IACHR with Cuban activists, 2013.

486 Cafefuerte, “Asesinan a Coreógrafo cubano Alfredo Velázquez [Cuban choreographer Alfredo Velázquez murdered],” September 22, 2013, available at (in Spanish): http://cafefuerte.com/cuba/7251-asesinan-al-coreografo-cubano-alfredo-velazquez/.

487 IACHR, Press Release No. 23/14 “IACHR expresses concern about attacks against LGBTI persons and other forms of violence and restrictions against LGBTI organizations in the Americas,” February 27, 2014, available at: http://www.oas.org/en/iachr/media_center/PReleases/2014/023.asp. Cafefuerte, “Asesinado en La Habana el director teatral Tony Díaz [Theater director Tony Díaz murdered in Havana],” January 30, 2014, available at (in Spanish): http://cafefuerte.com/culturales/11294-asesinado-en-la-habana-el-director-teatral-tony-diaz/.

488 El Nuevo Herald, “'Alto número' de asesinados en Cuba eran homosexuales [‘Large number’ of murder victims in Cuba were homosexuals],” March 3, 2014, available at (in Spanish): http://www.elnuevoherald.com/2014/03/02/1692833/alto-numero-de-personas-asesinadas.html

489 Martí Noticias, “Declaran preso político al activista David Bustamante [Activist David Bustamante declared political prisoner],” August 21, 2014, available at (in Spanish): http://www.martinoticias.com/content/declaran-preso-pol%C3%ADtico-al-activista-david-bustamante/37767.html

490 Centro de Información Hablemos Press, “DESDE CUBA: Informe sobre detenciones arbitrarias (446) y otros abusos cometidos en Cuba en Octubre de 2014/ 10 activistas condenados en este mes/ Hablemos Press [FROM CUBA: Report on arbitrary arrests (446) and other abuses committed in Cuba in October 2014/ 10 activists sentenced this month/ Hablemos Press],” November 4, 2014, available at (in Spanish): http://www.cubademocraciayvida.org/web/article.asp?artID=26312.

491 “Informe de derechos humanos sobre orientación sexual; identidad de género y situación de las personas con vih-sida en cuba 2014 [Human rights report on sexual orientation, gender identity, and the situation of persons with HIV-AIDS in Cuba 2014],“ submitted to the IACHR in September, 2014.

492 “Informe de derechos humanos sobre orientación sexual; identidad de género y situación de las personas con vih-sida en cuba 2014 [Human rights report on sexual orientation, gender identity, and the situation of persons with HIV-AIDS in Cuba 2014],“ submitted to the IACHR in September, 2014.

493 “Informe de derechos humanos sobre orientación sexual; identidad de género y situación de las personas con vih-sida en cuba 2014 [Human rights report on sexual orientation, gender identity, and the situation of persons with HIV-AIDS in Cuba 2014],“ submitted to the IACHR in September, 2014.

494 Document submitted by Navid Fernández Cabrera of the Shui Tuix Project, September 2014.

495 Accounts of the Shui Tuix Project on Desdemalecon, “Después decimos que en Cuba no existen las violaciones de los derechos Humanos [And then we say that there are no human rights violations in Cuba],” May 29, 2013, available at (in Spanish): http://desdelmalecon.com/2013/05/29/despues-decimos-que-en-cuba-no-existen-las-violaciones-de-los-derechos-humanos/.

496 IPS, Inter Press Service in Cuba, “Mujeres y personas LGBT, a la saga de los derechos sexuales [Women and LGBT persons, behind in sexual rights],” March 9, 2013, available at (in Spanish): http://www.ipscuba.net/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=6741:mujeres-y-personas-lgbt-a-la-saga-de-los-derechos-sexuales&Itemid=42

497 Private IACHR meeting with Cuban activists, 2013.

498 OBCUB LGBT [Cuban Observatory on LGBTI Rights], “Carta abierta de activistas LGBT a diputados cubanos [Open letter from LGBT activists to Cuban representatives],” http://www.cubanet.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Carta-abierta.pdf (in Spanish).

499 Cubasí.cu, “Mariela Castro destaca en Brasil avances en Cuba en derechos humanos y sexuales [In Brazil, Mariela Castro highlights Cuban progress on sexual and human rights],” April 7, 2013, available at (in Spanish): http://www.cubasi.cu/cubasi-noticias-cuba-mundo-ultima-hora/item/16046-mariela-castro-destaca-en-brasil-avances-de-cuba-en-derechos-humanos-y-sexuales.

500 IACHR, Press Release No. 60/14, “The IACHR welcomes recent developments in OAS Member States to protect and promote the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex persons (LGBTI),” May 20, 2014, available at: http://www.oas.org/en/iachr/media_center/PReleases/2014/060.asp.

501 Official Gazette, available at (in Spanish): http://www.cubadebate.cu/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/codigo-del-trabajo-de-la-republica-de-cuba.pdf

502 CENESEX, “Aprobada primera ley cubana que protege derechos de personas LGBT [First Cuban law to protect the rights of LGBT persons approved],” December 23, 2013, available at (in Spanish): http://www.cenesex.org/2013/12/aprobada-primera-ley-cubana-que-protege-derechos-de-personas-lgbt/

503 Dos Manzanas, “El nuevo Código de Trabajo de Cuba recoge el principio de no discriminación por orientación sexual pero deja fuera la identidad de género [The new Cuban Labor Code includes the principle of non-discrimination based on sexual orientation but not on gender identity],” August 21, 2014, available at (in Spanish): http://www.dosmanzanas.com/2014/08/el-nuevo-codigo-de-trabajo-de-cuba-recoge-el-principio-de-no-discriminacion-por-orientacion-sexual-pero-deja-fuera-la-identidad-de-genero.html . More on ABC (also in Spanish): http://www.abc.es/agencias/noticia.asp?noticia=1635117

504 CENESEX, “ILGA-LAC celebrará en Cuba su sexta Conferencia Regional [ILGA-LAC will hold its sixth Regional Conference in Cuba],” December 22, 2013, available at (in Spanish): http://www.cenesex.org/2013/12/ilga-lac-celebrara-en-cuba-su-sexta-conferencia-regional/

505 “Comunicado Oficial de las organizaciones cubanas LGBT independientes (no adscritas al CENESEX) sobre la reunión de ILGALAC en Cuba [Official Statement of the independent Cuban LGBT organizations (unaffiliated with CENESEX) on the ILGALAC conference in Cuba]” is available at (in Spanish): http://www.colegaweb.org/comunicado-oficial-de-las-organizaciones-cubanas-lgbt-independientes-adscritas-al-cenesex-sobre-la-reunion-de-ilgalac-en-cuba/.

506 Movilh, “Avanza la igualdad: ONU aprueba la segunda resolución pro-diversidad sexual de su historia [Progress on equality: UN approves the second pro-sexual diversity resolution of its history],” September 27, 2014, available at (in Spanish): http://www.movilh.cl/avanza-la-igualdad-onu-aprueba-la-segunda-resolucion-pro-diversidad-sexual-de-su-historia/.

507 UN, Human Rights Council, Resolution “Human rights, sexual orientation, and gender identity,” A/HRC/27/L.27/Rev.1, September 24, 2014, available at: http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?si=A/HRC/27/L.27/Rev.1

508 IACHR, Hearing on the human rights situation of persons deprived of liberty in Cuba, 153rd period of sessions, October 27, 2014. Available at: http://www.oas.org/es/cidh/audiencias/Hearings.aspx?Lang=en&Session=136

509 Cubalex, Report on the human rights of persons deprived of liberty, 2014, p. 62-64, presented during 153º Ordinary Period of Sessions. Available at: http://www.14ymedio.com/nacional/Informe-CubalexPenitenciario_CYMFIL20141031_0002.pdf . This was also mentioned during the hearing on the Situation of Persons Deprived of Liberty in Cuba, that took place on March 11, 2013, during the 147 Ordinary Period of Sessions.

510 National Bureau of Statistics and Information – Cuba, National Census of Population and Housing Report 2012, January, 2014. Posted at: http://www.one.cu/informenacional2012.htm

511 CUBARTE, En Cuba I Jornada contra la discriminación racial, November 19, 2014. Posted at: http://archivo.cubarte.cult.cu/periodico/noticias/en-cuba-i-jornada-contra-la-discriminacion-racial/173899.html

512 Citizens Committee for Racial Integration (CIR), ¿Cuánto va a demorar la integración racial en Cuba?, February 7, 2012. Posted at: http://www.cir-integracion-racial-cuba.org/textosimprescindibles/%c2%bfcuanto-va-a-demorar-la-integracion-racial-en-cuba/

513 These concerns were expressed by activists and civil society organizations in two major events: a) IV Edition of the two-day public forum “Race and Cuban Identity: Cuba’s Past, Present and Future,” organized by the opposition’s Committee for the Racial Integration of Citizens (CIR), in Havana (December 11 and 13, 2014), and b) the First Day against racial discrimination in Cuba, organized by the Cuban chapter of Regional Network of Afrodescendants in Latin America and the Caribbean (ARAC) and others civil society organizations, in Havana (November 15- December 2014). See: Racismo en Cuba, Los Ajustes Económicos del Gobierno agravan la marginación de negros y mestizos, advierten activistas, December 16, 2014. Posted at: http://cubaracismo.impela.net/2014/12/los-ajustes-economicos-del-gobierno-agravan-la-marginacion-de-negros-y-mestizos-advierten-activistas/. See also: Cubanet, Cortina de humo contra el racismo, December 26, 2014. Posted at: http://www.cubanet.org/opiniones/cortina-de-humo-contra-el-racismo/

514 Cubanet, Cortina de humo contra el racismo, December 26, 2014. Posted at: http://www.cubanet.org/opiniones/cortina-de-humo-contra-el-racismo/

515 II CELAC Summit, Declaration, II CUMBRE Doc. 3.1, Havana, 28-29 January, 2014. Posted at: http://celac.cubaminrex.cu/sites/default/files/ficheros/havana_declaration_celac.pdf

516 Hearing “Human Rights Situation of Persons with Disabilities in Cuba, 25 March 2014” presented during the IACHR’s 150 Ordinary Perio of Sessions. Available at: http://www.oas.org/es/cidh/audiencias/advanced.aspx?lang=es

517 Tercer Plan de Acción para la Atención de Personas con Discapacidad [Third Action Plan for Attention to Persons with Disabilities], Ministry of Labor and Social Security, 2006-2010. Available at (in Spanish): http://www.mtss.cu/asocatencion.php

518 Tercer Plan de Acción para la Atención de Personas con Discapacidad [Third Action Plan for Attention to Persons with Disabilities], Ministry of Labor and Social Security, 2006-2010. Available at (in Spanish): http://www.mtss.cu/asocatencion.php

519 IACHR, Resolution 24/2014, PM 307-14, Matter of Julio César Cano Molina, Cuba, September 10, 2014. Available at (in Spanish): http://www.oas.org/es/cidh/decisiones/pdf/2014/MC307-14-ES.pdf

520 United Nations Development Programme, Human Development Report 2014, Cuba HDI, 2014. Available at: http://hdr.undp.org/sites/all/themes/hdr_theme/country-notes/CUB.pdf

521 BTI Report 2014, Cuba Country Report. Available at: http://www.bti-project.de/uploads/tx_itao_download/BTI_2014_Cuba.pdf

522 BTI Report 2014, Cuba Country Report. Available at: http://www.bti-project.de/uploads/tx_itao_download/BTI_2014_Cuba.pdf

523 World Food Programme, Cuba Overview. Available at: http://www.wfp.org/countries/cuba/overview

524 World Food Programme, Cuba Overview. Available at: http://www.wfp.org/countries/cuba/overview

525 Cuba Debate, Gaceta Oficial publica nuevo Código del Trabajo (+ PDF); June 17,2014. Available at (in Spanish):

http://www.cubadebate.cu/noticias/2014/06/17/gaceta-oficial-publica-nuevo-codigo-del-trabajo-pdf/#.VKLRbcAAp



526 Washington Office on Latin America, Cuba’s New Labor Code and Foreign Investment Law: Implications for Workers, July 10, 2014. Available at: http://www.wola.org/commentary/cuba_s_new_labor_code_and_foreign_investment_law_implications_for_workers

527 Washington Office on Latin America, Cuba’s New Labor Code and Foreign Investment Law: Implications for Workers, July 10, 2014. Available at: http://www.wola.org/commentary/cuba_s_new_labor_code_and_foreign_investment_law_implications_for_workers

528 Global Voices, The Lights and the Shadows of the New Cuban Labor Code, June 30, 2014. Available at: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/06/30/the-lights-and-the-shadows-of-the-new-cuban-labor-code/

529 Washington Office on Latin America, Cuba’s New Labor Code and Foreign Investment Law: Implications for Workers, July 10, 2014. Available at: http://www.wola.org/commentary/cuba_s_new_labor_code_and_foreign_investment_law_implications_for_workers

530 Global Voices, The Lights and the Shadows of the New Cuban Labor Code, June 30, 2014. Available at: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2014/06/30/the-lights-and-the-shadows-of-the-new-cuban-labor-code/

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