I-huddb. I-hud de, me pa pple of Hum V

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I-hud(de, ME. pa. pple. of Hum v. : see Yum.

fl-hudeket, ppL a. Obs. [ME., f. hudeken

vb., add. repr. an C"

to hide!] Hooded.

*\wAncr. M, 434 (Cott. MS.) Vtc, gan i-mantlet; yx,

I-hurnd: see I-muurxn. I-hurt, ME. pa.
pple. of Huht v. I-hufleled, of Houskl v.

tl-hwftt9 pron. ObsP [OE. ffihwtet, neut. of
tehwd every one: m OLG. gihvat, neut. of gihvt.]

a goo Cykkwulf Crist xooa Ac |wt fyr nimeS |>urh foldan
xeh wast, a iiio Owl 4 Night. 1056 Lym and grune & wel
ihwat [Cott, MS. eiwat] Sette and leyde be for to lacche.

I-hwer: see Ywherk. I-hwUo, -illo, early
ME. forms of OE. lehwylc Each, q.v.

tl-hwulen, v. Obs, [ME., f. kwule (it), in
Ancren Riwle « hwtl Wmle, time.] intr. To
have time, be at leisure.

AtaaS Ancr. R. 44 Hwon *o Je euer muwen ihwulen.
Ibid. 42a Ne inei heo nout i-hwulen uorto hercneu mine lore.

I-imped, ME. pa. pplc. of Imp v.

I-lron: sec I the letter.

Jjfl, obs. spelling of Ice. Ik, ME. form of I pron.

I-kakeled, ME. pa. pple. of Cackle v.

tl'kary, ioary. Obs. In 6 iokary. [ad.
Kuss. iiifpa ikra caviare.] = Caviare.

1891 G. FumiHKR Russe Comtttw. (1857) 12 Of ickary or
cavcry, a great quantitie is made upon the river of Valghu,
out of the fish called bellougiua, the sturgeon. 166a J.
Davieb tr. Otearius* Voy. AmTkiss. 87 The spawn of FUh,
especially that of Sturgeon, they order thus... The Mub-
covitesi call it Ikary, and the Italians Cavainr. [1887 Pall
Matt G.
15 Feb. 11/1 Can you use the roe of any other fish
but sturgeon und »terlet as caviar, or ikra, as you call it ?]

I-kamt, i-kaut, ME. pa. pple. of Catch v.
I-kelea, of Kelk v, to cool.

t I-ken, i-kennef v. Obs. [OE. recemuin to
make known, confess, f. to declare, attest,
Ken.] trans. To make known, mention ; to know,

1000 ymns x. 4 (Gr.) Ic oc cene God
ciaos Lay. 4844 pis wcoren fceos kinges stu Je kh
i'kenned \c 1275 i-nemnid] habbe. Ibia. 28559 Mon i |>nn
flhte non per no mihte ikenne [f 1375 icnowe] nenne kempe.

I-kenned, -kend,-kent, ME. pa. pple. of Kkn.

t I-kepe, v. Obs. [f. ME. kepe, Keep.] trans.
To keep, receive, observe. Hence I-kepynge,
-ungo vb/. sb., taking 'keep', heeding, di

1IM5 After. R. 156 God hit is inc silence i
grace, c laytffaltMeid. 33 Driue adun xwiroo
ikeuunge. a IS50 Owl $ Night, 12^5 And grcte duntes
bcop \k lasse Refine ikepth mid iwarncssc.

I-kept, ME. pa. pple. of Kkep v. I-kest, of
Cast v. I-ket, of Cut v. I-kid, known, re-
nowned : see Ykid and Kythk v, I~knawe(n,
i-knowe, ME. pa, pples. of Know v. I-knede9
of Knead v.

t-I-kxdt, i-onutte, v. Obs, [OE. gecnydan,
f. cnytian to Knit.] trans. To tie, fasten, attach.

c 1000 Ags, Cm/. MatL xviii. 6 |tet an cwyrn-stan si to
hys swyran ftecnytt. c io«o Ags. Glo**. in Wr.-Wnlcker
343/89 Gecnyttan. c 1*05 Lav. 3937a He .. lette .. to }>an
bparewen uoten ua*te heom icnutten.

I-knit, -yt, ME. pa. pple. of Knit v.
Ikon, variant of Icon.

I-koruen, I-kume(n, ME. pa. pples. of
Cakvk, Come vAr. I-kunde, var. of Icunuk,
nature. I-kupled, ME. pa. pple. of Couple v.
lt obs. f. Ickue, icicle.

l il«. Obs. JOE. dpi, //-0HG.&i7(MHG.,
/)i MLCS, MDn., Du. egtl, ON. igullt.
gg ck, with Lith. tiys, Gr. tx*yoto a pre-
Teut. +eght-nos% -?os9 a deriv. of cghi-, Gr. ft'*'
adder.] A hedgehog. (In OE. also a porcupine.)
C897 K. /Elprkd Grtgar?* £***- xxxv. 941 Se iil. .sewin
e to anum cliewene and tiho hin fet h t

d h hi hfd Md D

c 1000 llymqf x. 4 (Gr.) Ic <5e cene God fenne ^ecenne.

1 Se iil. .se

tiho hin fet «ua he tninext mask
Md., Donne bW «*ls ilcs heafud
Gfa in Wr.-WOlcker 133/at
L i Ck Shi


he to anum cliewene a
and &«hyt his hcafod. M,
xeM csoot Munne Gfas.

iil M

straiuc J>c ich

^ere venemou* bestes.
t obs. form ef III.

assimilated form in L. of the prefix In-2

xeMwen. csoot Munne Gfas. in Wr.-WOlcker 133/at
Ittrix* «e mara ixil. < to^o MartyrtL in Cockayne Shrins
« He (St. SebMtian] w.s oaraTrtnriaj «w» fuH *wa ixl..
bib bynta. «laoo Frm&tt, M1frk*t Grmin.% etc. (Philhppt <
1838) 8 Prikiende to pUe» on Ue.
Hence f XU« ^ ilM9UfU«pil# [OE. j
•tick, dart, prickle], prop, a spine of a I
but uied as the name of the hedgehog it
\Ahct. X. 418 N«.hen ie non iren, ne

- may

be pronounced'when distinotlve'emphasis is laift ,
on the prefix, as in ti-Hs&n> UtUtU, distinguished *
from elision, +luk. For th*varieties of meaning,
Mn»on, ttto, upon1, *ec In-1*. *

n-if assimilated form in L. of the negative prefix J


Ik-3 before initial /, which remains in the same
form in Eng., as in iMegal> illegitimate, it-literate.
Also used in forming negatives in English on the
analogy of L., as in IIlogical, Illoyal, and
in such nonce-words as il-level, il-locomotive% etc.
When the main stress immediately follows, an
effort is often made to give the separate effect of
the prefix by pronouncing both /'s, or combining
them in one prolonged /; this is especially the case
when rhetorical stress is laid on the prefix, as in
' You call this a Liberal measure; I consider it
thoroughly //-liberal'.

41, -ila, suffixes, the Eng. representatives of
L. -His and -tlis% forming adjectives, sometime**
aUo substantives, as in fossilis fossil, civilis civil;
agilis agile, juvenJHs juvenile. These suffixes are
in origin the same, viz.
-Its with connective -1-,
which with -t- stems as
civi-s, hosti-s, and in some
other words, gave -Uis, In OF., the latter came
down as -*V, e.g. Afril-tm, Avril% April; the
former regularly Tost the post-tonic f, and became
-U (for -/*), as in humil-em humble, habit-cm abl .
fragiUem7 fraisle, /ruile, frile frail, gradl-em,
graiste, gres/e, grile. L. words adapted in OK at
an early date took the ending -it masc*, -He fern.,
e.g. civil, civile; later words have the ending -He
only, as agile> facile, fossile. Very few of these
words in Eng. have the suffix in -tV, e.g.
fossil, utensil \ in the 17th c. we find occasionally
-//for L. Mis, e.g. difficil, docil, fertil, sterit; but
modern usage in Eng. as in French has levelled -His
and -His under the common form -He. In Walker's
Pronouncing Dictionary -He from -His is pro-
nounced (-ail), and -He from -His as (-il) ; but the
more recent tendency is to extend (-ail), with sonic
exceptions, to all the words.
I-laoed, ME. pa. pple. of Lace v. I-lod, of
Lead v, I-lade, of Load z>. I-laft, of Leave,
Ylkavk vbs,

t X-lall6(n9 v. Obs. [OE.£ela&ian, f./Law,
lagian to make a law, ordain.] trans. To ordain ,
or appoint by law.

1014 wui.pSfAN Sermo ad Angles (Napier 1883) 157 On
lue)>cnum]>coduni. .jKSelftgod istojcdwul-KcxU weormuige.
c 1130 Hali Meid. 91 For H wa* wedlac ilahet in hali
chtrche. Ibid. 33 Godd hauefillahcd hit.

I-lahet, ME. pa. pple. of Low v., to abase.
I-laht, of Latch v. and I-leochk v,, to seize.
I-lald, of Lay v.

Hand, obs. (andetymological)spelling oflsLAND.

I-lapped, ME. pa. pple. of Lap v.

I-laat(e: see Ylast(k, to suffer, continue, last.

t XlMtioali a. Obs. [en on. for *hilastieal, f.
Gr. type *lKatrrtic6t9 f. stem of IXdotctaOcu to pro-
pitiate.] Propitiatory, expiatory.

1640 Bf. ReynoldsSerm. Hnsca iii. 1 The sacrifices, .were
I last ic all propitiatory, or expiatory. 1671
Flavel Fount.
L\/t ii. 30 Ila&tical or expiatory for Satisfaction.

t I-latet, a. Obs, [f. ME. lat Late sb., ON. hit
manner, mien.] Mannered.

a saas Juliana x\ As >u biwistest danicl bimotitf be wode
Huns ilatet se luftere. c 1*30 Hali Meid. 33 f\{ >u art
unwurolich & wra&liche ilatet.

I-latted, -et, ME. pa. pple. of Lathe v. Ilohe :
see Each, Ilk. lid, obs. f. Yield (in phr. Cod
ild). nd, obs. f. Hied, pa. pple. of III v. Ilde,
obs. by-form of Ible, Aisle. Udell, contracted
form of ilk del, every part: see Ilk a,* Ildre,
obs. f. Elder a. and sb*

t litx* Obs. [ad. L. ile or tle-um (see Ileum and
Ilium). Cf. F. (pi.) Hts (13th c.).l =Ilelm.

1601 Hollanii Pliny I. 34a 'I*he vmsA\ guU .. through
which the meat passcth; in others it is named He. 1656
[ftet Iliacal]. 1706 Pmii.i.i« ied. Kersey1. //#, the Cavity
or Hollownesa from the Chest to the Thigh-Bone», the
Flank that contains the umall GuU.

He 2, var. of Ail sb?, awn of barley, etc.

1706 Phillips (ed. Kersey), lUs, or Oils (Country-Word),
the Spires* or Beards of Corn.

He, obs. f. Ill, Isle, Aisle ; a former spelling
of I'll**! will; a vulgar or dial, pronunciation
(now esp. in U.S.) of Oil.

-ile, suffix; see -il.

I'leMt a. A refashioning of Iliac a. after L.
ileus, Gr. Uc6f, or Ileum.

iSmja Goods tudy te. (d 4)
of Heac passion. iSm Mavnb Expos. Lex., lltac Passion.

I4eaded,M&? Leaded* I-leafe, I-leave.
v.i see Yleve to leave, Yleve to believe. I-leanet,
ME. pa. pple. of Lens, to lend. I-learet, of
Lerr, Ylehe, to teach.

tX4s3OOliefv. Obs. [OE.gtmeean, f. ixceanio
seise: see Latch vJ] trans. To lay hold of, catch.

emoo Ags, Cos/. John vt. 15 Hix woldon. .bin* xeUcccean
and to cvnse don. a 1100 O. £, Chron. an. 1087-^ Englince
men..seivjiton of ►am mannon..ma. ciaos Lay. 29360
Swi8 monit ho ilahto. a xn$ jHtimnmjl Hecchc ha me eft.
no fade ich na leche. 1309 Lancu Ruh. Rtdtlts 111. 336
Ho was lyghtlicho y-laujte and y-lugged of many. . *

S Goods Study Ated. (ed. 4) I. 16a The treatment
ssion iSm Mavnb Expos Lex lltac Passion


I-lefde, pa. t. of Yleva; v., to believe. Meid,
MK. na. pple. of Lay v,

UeitLi (ili>i'tis\ Path. [f. Ile-UM + -itis.]
Inflammation of the ileum.
i0|5 in Mavne Expos. Lex.

I-Tend, ME. pa. pple. of Leve, Lekd vbs.
I-lengd, -ed, oiLeko v,, to prolong.

t I-lenge. v. Obs, [OK. ^elengan to prolong,
f. lengan, 7. tang Lono.J ittfr. To continue one*u
journey; to attain to, get as far as.

c isos Lav. 17834 Lctcd me ilcngc [c 1975 bringc^ mo] riht
to Stanhenge.

I-lengtned, pa. pple. of Length vr to lengthen.
IleO- (ili>, ol-), used as combining form of
Ileum, in terms of anatomy, pathology, etc.: as
Zleo-ossoal (-sTkal) a,, related to or connected
with the ileum and the caecum; as in ileo-cmcal
valve, a valve consisting of two bcmilunar folds at
the opening of the ileum into the caecum; the name
is sometimes restricted to the lower of these. Zleo-
oolio (-kp'lik) a., relating to or connected with the
ileum and the colon; a* in ileo-colic artery, a brunch
, of the supeiior mesentcric artery ;
ileo colic valve =*
I iUo-cwcal valve (sometimes restricted to the upper
I iold of this). Ileo-oolitU (-kdoi'lis;, inflamma
tton of the ileum and colon. Xlto-parUtal ^-pa-
tdivtal) a., connecting the ileum and the body-
wall, as the HeO'parietal band in Brachiopods.
Xl«ostomj (il/,f7stJmi) [Gr. ar6fia mouth], the
making of an artificial opening into the ileum.

1847 Craig, /tio-arcat valve .. llio-colic artery . Wo-

ttonoar artery. 1876 tr. Wagner's Gen. Pat hoi. 33 In

the ileo-taical region. 1878 Hell tr. Gegenbaur's Com}.

j A Nat. 311 The ileoparietal Dand. attached to the hind gut.

! 1886 Svd. Soc. Lex.% Ittocolitts. t88o Lancet 16 Mar.

I £31/1 Jeiuno-ileoHtomy and ileo-ileohtomy were performed

1 " identically the same way. 1897 Allbutt Syst. Mtd.


Cf. V, iUon.X

>495 Trcvisas Barth. De P. R. v. xliL 158 The seconde
grete cutte hightr \
rleon. 1594 (see nextj. it 1661 -Holv-
imy Juvenal 80 The ileon, one of the guts.. U six time*
longer than our whole Ixxly. 1707 Floykh Physu. Pulse-
111 Inflammation of the llcon. 1767 Gooch Treat,
Wounds I. 40s In the Jejunum, .and in the llcon.

+ Il Ob fi d I1

HI. 833 In ilio-colic invnjjinations.
j tl'leon. Obs. [mcd.L. (inGr.form) =
f V iUX I

40s In the Jejunum, and i t lon.
+ I'leOI. Obs. fci. prec, and Ileum.1 =- Ileum.
1594 T. B. La Prhnand. Fr. A cad. it. 350 llien followeth
the third small intraile, called lleos by the r.raxians
{margin. The Ileon or folded Gut]. 1706 f&ee Ileus i].

tX'leO1U8# a, Obs. rare. [f. 1-. Ileum +-uim.]
lielonjging to the ileum ; = Iliac a. 1.

1657 Tomlinson KtMOh's Disp. 6a8 it cures, .cholical and
j ileous dolours.

t Z4er, a. Obs. Also 3 il»P. [OE. gelier [Sweet),

] f. Iter empty, Lkkk.] Empty.

I c 1905 Lav. 15961 pa )>a water wes al ilfedden ft pc put we*
' ilfer. xao7 K. Glouc. (Rolls) naax pe elerkes adde pe
I stretes Mine iler.

7 Ilesite (arlzdit). Min. [Named, 1881, after
i M.*W. lies, who described it.] Hydrous sulphate
of mangnncse, zinc, and iron, resulting from the
decomposition of pyrite and sphalerite.

1881 Amer. JrnL Sc. Ser. hi. XXII. 490 Unite, a white
friable mineral with a bitter, astringent taste.
nespil(e, a hedgehog : see II sb.
t I-lete. Obs. [f. 1 .ktk sb.] Manner, bearing.
a ias» Chut * Xiflit. 403 He is wis )>at harcleliihe Wi)>
bin fo bei> grete ilete. Ibid. 1446 Hwanne ich Lseo \>t lohtc
ilete pe hive hrinic)>
on ^ )unghn>;<

I-lete(n, ME. pa. pple. of Let v.
I-lethered, ^lE. form of Ljkathkrkd ppL a.
Ilet-hole, obs. I. Eyklkt-holk. I-leue, i-leve :
see Ylkve v. I-leued, ME. form of Leav£i» a.
II Hewn (i'li|#m, 9V-). Anat. [lntc or med.L.
ileum, for which classical L. had only ilia {\\. of
lie or ilium, with a dat. sing. ilio\ in the sense
(1) flanks, loins, (a) small guts, entrails. The form
ileum {Jleon, -es) seems to have arisen from a con-
fusion of this with ileus, Gr. clAcof ;ste Iliuci,
Iliac), whence also its restricted sense.] The third
portion of the small intestine, succeeding the jejunum
and opening into the caecum.

168* T. Gidson Anat. (1697) 47 This Membrane in the
ftinall Gut*, especially the Ileum, i* full of wrinkles. 1706
Phillips (ed. Kersey), Ileum, or lleon, the third of the
jtmall Outs »o call'd by reason of its (treat turning*, and
being about ai HaiuU-hreadth in Length. 1843 j. G.
Wilkinson Swedenbortfs Anim. Kingd. \. v. 179 The
ileum. folded in wreathing gyres.
II IleUS (I'l'ift. di'-> [L. ileus, fleos, a. Gr. lK*6s
or *l\*6s colic,' iliac passion', app. f. fiXci? to roll.]
1. Path. A painful affection (frequently fatal),
due to intestinal obstruction, esp. in the ileum:
also called iliac passim.

1706 Phillips (ed. Keney), IUu*% or IUos, the small or
thin Gut; also the twisting of the small Guts, when their
Coatf are doubled inward, and there is such a Stoppage
that nothing can pass downward. 173a Apbutmnot Rules
of Met 351 An Ileus.. is commonly called the Twisting of the
Guts, but is really either a Circumvolution or Insertion of
one part of the Gut within the other. 1785 Med. Comwun,
a66 UieadinfA History of a Owe of lieu*, where great
benefit was derived from the application of a blister.


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