“Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains. One thinks himself the master of others, and still remains a greater slave than they.”
*People are innately good. The “cultured” man learns to be degenerate by constraints of society.
John Locke (1600s)
“TABULA RASA” – People are blank slates.Humans in the state of nature have perfect freedom to order their actions according to the laws of nature, without having to ask permission to act from any other person.
Moral evil or sin is derived from the instincts that have been transmitted to us from our ancestry of beasts of prey. The simple fact that we humans must eat other life or else starve is probably the contemporary and historical moral evil.
Religious Perspectives: There are numerous religious perspectives explaining why we act the way we do as well, including the idea of creationism which states that man is sinful and redeemed only through confession.