1 Jane Addams grew up just before the turn of the century. She attended Rockford College and received a good education, something that young women in earlier years had not been able to do. She learned about the rapid advances in technology that were being made at that time. She also learned about the changes in society and the problems that went along with those changes. 2 At that time, the United States was changing from a country of rural farmers to a country of busy cities. Large factories were opening in the cities. These factories had jobs for many workers. Soon, workers came from all over the United States and from many parts of the world looking for jobs. 3 American cities became home to a population of factory workers who had immigrated here from Italy, Russia, Poland, Ireland, Germany, and Greece. These new Americans faced problems as they adjusted to life in their new country. 4 During this same time, Jane Addams and other young women like her were looking for ways to put their college education to good use. Many of them found their answer in the settlement movement. The settlement movement had begun in England in the 1880s, and it was spreading to America. 5 In the settlement movement, well-educated young women and men moved into poor city neighborhoods. They lived in a residence known as a settlement house. There they ran programs to help the immigrants. Some of these settlement houses were run by religious organizations; others were independent. 6 Jane Addams began her settlement house by taking out a lease on a property in Chicago. Along with Ellen Gates Starr, she opened up the house, known as Hull House, to the immigrants in the neighborhood. She offered programs that would help them get and keep jobs. She began other programs to highlight the cultural diversity of the neighborhood. 7 Hull House provided employment services. It also provided day care and kindergarten. Art classes, music classes, and an art gallery were available there. So was a library. All of these services helped the new city residents adjust to life in the city. 8 As the years went on, Hull House grew. Jane Addams bought other properties near the original Hull House. This gave her space to expand and to offer even more programs. Soon Hull House was providing a meeting room for the labor union and even a little theatre. It provided vocational classes to help workers improve their skills and get better jobs. The Jane Club opened up in Hull House. It provided a place to live for single working girls. 9 The residents of Hull House had many jobs to keep them busy. In addition to running the programs in Hull House, they also did fundraising activities to get the money they needed to keep Hull House and its programs operating. 10 Jane Addams and many other residents of Hull House went on to become outspoken reformers. They campaigned and gave speeches promoting the reforms of the Progressive Movement. In this way, they helped even more working people. 11 They supported many important reforms of the time. They opposed child labor. They spoke out for occupational safety. They demanded safe and clean housing. They supported the building of new schools. They advocated for truancy laws and for the first juvenile justice system in the country. They campaigned for women's right to vote. 12 At the same time that Jane Addams' Hull House was providing services in Chicago, settlement houses in other parts of the country were doing the same thing for factory workers in their cities. 13 Before the settlement movement, citizens who needed help had nowhere to turn, or at best, they received assistance from a kind neighbor. With the settlement movement, help became available on a large scale and in a more organized way. It came at just the right time for many of the new residents of our turn-of-the-century industrial cities.
From the information presented in the article, you can infer that the biggest change going on in our country at the time Hull House opened was the _____. Growth of high schools Growth of cities Building of highways Opening of music and art classes
Hull House was begun by _____. Ellen Gates Starr Jane Addams Both Neither
The residents who lived in settlement houses and provided the programs there were mostly _____. Factory workers College educated young women and men Immigrants Long time city residents
Immigrants in Chicago at that time included large numbers of people from all of the following countries, EXCEPT _____. Ireland Greece Italy Mexico