H/ss content Standards



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Names: Tim Smith/Jennifer Jenness

Colonial Times and the First Great Awakening

Grade: 5th
H/SS Content Standards

5.4.4


Identify the significance and leaders of the First Great Awakening, which marked a shift in religious ideas, practices, and allegiances in the colonial period, the growth of religious toleration, and free exercise of religion
CA Common Core Standard for Reading Informational Text –Grade 5

3. Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

6. Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

Student Investigation Question (SIQ):

How did key leaders of the First Great Awakening influence colonists’ views of religion?


Teaching Thesis:

The First Great Awakening and its leaders had a major impact on the way colonists viewed and practiced religion.

Student Skill Objective (written as a question or statement)

Students will be able to:



  • Analyze primary documents from the eighteenth century

  • Make inferences on the impact of religious leaders of the First Great Awakening

  • Compare/contrast different viewpoints from the First Great Awakening



List Primary and Secondary Source excerpts/visuals that students will read/analyze in a bibliographic format (minimum of 2, maximum of 4 sources – for more sources see director for review):

Whitfield Picture: http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:George_Whitefield_by_John_Russell.jpg

Edwards Picture: Yale University Art Gallery, PO Box 208271, New Haven, CT 06520-8271. Bequest of Eugene P. Edwards, 1937.

Document 1: Excerpt from “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Jonathan Edwards’ sermon 1741


Document 2: Adapted from Karen Ordahl Kupperman, ed. Major Problems in American Colonial History, p. 333-335

Procedures/Directions/Steps for the Historical Investigation that Other Teachers Can Follow

Part 1. Context and/or Prior Knowledge Key Vocabulary for Prior Knowledge:

Anglican

Puritan

Quaker

Use “Trans-Atlantic Awakening” PowerPoint by Robyn Potts as a lead-in to the mini lesson.


Part 2. Document Analysis (List the directions for analyzing the documents. If the student directions are on a handout, you can refer to that. Make sure that during this document analysis, students are examining the historical aspects of the documents – context, author’s perspective, audience, etc. – which will help them use the documents as evidence to answer the questions. To help with this, each source document should have a short introductory portion that clarifies the creator, date, and historical context.).


  • Working in groups, using the provided document analysis tables, students will analyze and answer questions about the documents.

  • Using the “thought bubbles” students will write from the point of view of an audience member and post thought bubble on classroom poster.

Part 3. Assessment: Student Explanation/Answer to SIQ Name or Description & Grading Criteria
After thought bubble reflection and whole group discussion, students will summarize the influence of leaders of the First Great Awakening.

Document 1:


“O sinner! Consider the fearful danger you are in: it is a great furnace of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, full of the fire of wrath, that you are held over in the hand of God, whose wrath is provoked and incensed as much against you, against you, as against many of the damned in hell. You hang by a slender thread, with the flames of divine wrath flashing about it, and ready every moment to singe it, and burn it apart; and you have no interest in any Mediator, and nothing to lay hold of to save yourself, nothing to keep off the flames of wrath, nothing of your own, nothing that you have ever done, nothing that you can do, to induce God to spare you one moment.”
Excerpt from “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Jonathan Edwards’ sermon 1741
Document 2:
Nathan Cole Describes the Crowds Going to Hear Whitefield, 1740

Now it pleased God to send Mr. Whitefield into this land; and my hearing of his preaching at Philadelphia, like one of the old apostles, and many thousands flocking to hear him preach the Gospel, and great numbers were converted to Christ; I longed to see and hear him and wished he would come this way…Then on a sudden, in the morning about 8 or 9 of the clock there came a messenger and said Mr. Whitefield…is to preach at Middletown this morning at ten of the clock. I was in my field at work. I dropped my tool that I had in my hand and ran home to my wife, telling her to make ready quickly to go and hear Mr. Whitefield…Having my horse, I with my wife soon mounted the horse and went forward as fast as I thought the horse could bear…

When we got to Middletown old meeting house, there was a great multitude, it was said to be 3 or 4,000 of people, assembled together…The land and banks over the river looked black with people and horses, all along the 12 miles I saw no man at work in his field, but all seemed to be gone.

When I saw Mr. Whitefield come upon the scaffold, he looked almost angelical; a young, slim, slender youth, before some thousands of people with a bold undaunted countenance. And my hearing how God was with him everywhere as he came along, it solemnized my mind and put me into a trembling fear before he began to preach; for he looked as if he was clothed with authority from the Great God, and a sweet solemnity sat upon his brow, and my hearing him preach gave me a heart wound.


Adapted from Karen Ordahl Kupperman, ed. Major Problems in American Colonial History, p. 333-335

Document 1


Religious Leader


What type of source is it and what is the source generally about?



What “loaded” words or strong descriptive words are used?

Jonathan Edwards 1703-1758

Preacher who helped shape the First Great Awakening









Document 2

Religious Leader


What type of source is it and what is the source generally about?



What “loaded” words or strong descriptive words are used?

George Whitfield 1704-1770

Widely recognized for his public speeches throughout New England Colonies












Mini-Lesson Template for Summer 2011

Solano County TAH, AWS





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