How effective were social reform movements of the early 1800s in changing American society?



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Name ______________________________

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How effective were social reform movements of the early 1800s in changing American society?

America is a democracy, which means the citizens of this nation have the power. As a democracy, citizens sometimes come together to bring about a real change. What groups exist today that are trying to bring about real change?


Reform Movements of the early 1800s:

The Second Great Awakening—


  • said that problem was loss of ________________ in society (population ___________________ beyond the reach of _____________)

  • Charles G. ______________ and other preachers hold ________________ to spread Christianity

  • ________________ begins African-American churches

  • new emphasis on _____________________ responsibility for _____________________ encourages other reform movements

Was this movement effective in changing America? Why or why not?


Utopian Community Movement—



  • said problem was society full of _______

  • formed ____________ ( = utopian) ______________________of people who agree with your idea of perfection

  • ________________ were the most common

Was this movement effective in changing America? Why or why not?


Temperance Movement—



  • said the problem was _____________ and the problems it causes (___________ = limit)

  • __________________ largely blamed

  • __________________ groups against alcohol formed

Was this movement effective in changing America? Why or why not?

Prison Reform Movement (or Penitentiary Movement)—


  • said the problem was _______ conditions in _______________

  • _________________________ investigated, helped improve conditions and separate mentally ill into ____________________________

Was this movement effective in changing America? Why or why not?



School Reform Movement—


  • said the problem was little or no _____________________________

  • _______________________ helps increase and improve public education

Was this movement effective in changing America? Why or why not?


Industrial Reform Movement—



  • said problem was ________ conditions in new _________________ that 1st Industrial Revolution brought to the __________

  • ______________ and __________ immigrants often the new workers, also some _____________

  • ____________________ were and example of worker abuse

  • some workers begin to form ___________ and _____________

  • ____________ mostly won standoffs because of so many available workers

Was this movement effective in changing America? Why or why not?


Women’s Rights Movement—



  • said problem was that women had __________________

  • a few women began to ___________________:

    • _____________________ Convention begins women’s rights movement in _______

    • Elizabeth ____________________ and Lucretia ________ lead this meeting

Was this movement effective in changing America? Why or why not?
Name ______________________________

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How effective were social reform movements of the early 1800s in changing American society? (continued)
The Abolitionist Movement—

    1. The white perspective

  • The myth of the

    1. The reality

        1. Slave life was

        2. Most whites did not

    1. Conditions worsen due to

  • Nat Turner

D. Northern Abolitionism

  1. William Lloyd Garrison, publisher of The Liberator




  1. David Walker’s Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World




  1. Many ex-slaves join movement,




  1. Women such as the Grimke sisters

E. Paranoid Southern states



    • These further limited

F. Slaves get more

    • Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad

    • South exaggerates


For the viscous cycle chart about slavery below, add five things from the notes on the front. You can just write the terms instead of the entire explanation.

Abolition movement expands and intensifies







South gets tougher on and more defensive of slavery

There were many reform movements, which means there are many ideas and people that can be difficult to remember. In the space below, use music as a pneumonic (memory) device. Pick a song that you know (i.e. “Mary Had a Little Lamb”) and change the lyrics to talk about a reform movement (i.e. Schools were changed by Horace Mann, Horace Mann, Horace Mann…).
reform movement:
set to the song:
lyrics:

The reform movements of the early 1800s were Americans getting together to improve our society. This has continued to today. Write the early 1800s reform movement that is continued by the modern reform movement below.

early 1800s movement

modern movement




The Action Group to End Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery is a coalition of organizations, foundations and corporations working to develop a policy agenda for abolishing slavery and human trafficking.




The Christian Family Movement is a national (U.S.) movement of parish and small groups of families that meet to reinforce Christian values.




The American Council on Alcohol Problems is a federation of state affiliates promoting the reduction of consumption agenda.


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