How did the domestic and foreign political actions contribute to the causes, course and consequences of World War ii?



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WWII Terms

Essential Questions:

How did the domestic and foreign political actions contribute to the causes, course and consequences of World War II?

What were the general and immediate causes of World War II?

How did events and actions in the United States and by Americans affect the course and consequences of the war?

What impact did World War II have on the United States and the world?

•U.S. DIPLOMACY DURING THE 1930’s

o Latin America & The Good Neighbor Policy -  It reinforced the idea that the United States would be a “good neighbor” and engage in trade with Latin American countries. Overall, the FDR administration expected that this new policy would create new economic opportunities by lowering tariffs and reassert the influence of the United States in Latin America; however, many Latin American governments were not convinced

o Failure of the League of Nations – it couldn’t stop Italy from invading Ethiopia. Policy of appeasement.

o Isolationism vs. Internationalism – Monroe Doctrine

o Neutrality Acts of (1935, 1936, & 1937)

o Failure of Appeasement: Munich Conference (1938)

o Cash and Carry (1939) -

o The Lend-Lease Act (1941)

•GENERAL CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II

o Totalitarianism

o Nationalism

o Militarism

o Axis Aggression

•IMMEDIATE CAUSES OF WORLD WAR II

o In Europe - German Invasion of Poland, 1939

o For the U.S. - Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor, 1941



U.S. MOBILIZATION FOR WW II

  • Mobilization of U.S. Economy & Industry

  • Creation of War Boards

  • Taxes

  • War Bonds

  • Selective Service Act - known as the Burke-Wadsworth Act, enacted September 16, 1940 was the first peacetime conscription in United States history. This Selective Service Act required that men between the ages of 21 and 35 register with local draft boards. Later, when the U.S. entered World War II, all men aged 18 to 45 were made subject to military service, and all men aged 18 to 65 were required to register.

  • Atomic Weapons: The Manhattan Project

  • Role of Women & African-Americans in the Military

THE HOME FRONT

  • Women & African Americans Enter the Workforce

  • Racism & Discrimination in Defense Industries

  • Internment of Japanese Americans – Korimotsu v US

  • Training & Mobilization of U.S. Troops in South Florida

MAIN EVENTS OF THE WAR (1941-1945)

  • North African Front

  • Italian Front

  • Western Europe: Allied Invasion of Normandy

  • D-Day Invasion (June 6, 1944)

  • End of the War in Europe: V-E Day (May 8, 1945)

  • War in the Pacific

  • Turning Point Naval Battles: Coral Sea, Midway, Leyte Gulf

  • “Island Hopping/Jumping”

  • Guadalcanal, Iwo Jima, & Okinawa

  • Atomic Bombs Dropped: Hiroshima & Nagasaki

  • End of the War in the Pacific: V-J Day (August 14, 1945)

  • Unconditional Surrender of Japan (September 2, 1945)

RESULTS & CONSEQUENCES OF WORLD WAR II

  • The Holocaust

  • The Nuremberg Trials

  • War Conferences: Teheran, Yalta, & Potsdam

  • Allied Occupation of Germany

  • Formation of the United Nations

  • U.S. Occupation of Japan

  • Formation of the United Nations (1946)



  1. Totalitarianism - characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control.

  2. Militarism – govt run by military

  3. fascism, - dicatorship

  4. Nazism, german dictatorship

  5. Holocaust, -genocide of jews by NAZIS

  6. blitzkrieg, “lighting war” strategy of Hitler to take over Europe

  7. kamikaze, -suicide planes of japan

  8. appeasement, - to please Germany at Munich Conference

  9. Anschluss -  the occupation and annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in 1938

  10. concentration camps, -where Jews were kept to do hard labor or die

  11. Final Solution, - Hitlers plan for the Jews

  12. non-aggression pact, - Treaty between USSR and Germany

  13. Kristallnacht, - night of broken glass in berlin

  14. ghettos, - where jews were kept by Nazis in Berlin

  15. genocide,

  16. refugees- people who flee

  17. Axis Powers- bad guys

  18. Allied Powers- good guys

  19. Mary McLeod Bethune - was an American educator and civil rights leader best known for starting a school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida, that eventually became Bethune-Cookman University and for being an advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. She was known as "The First Lady of The Struggle” because of her commitment to bettering African Americans

  20. Atlantic Charter - a pivotal policy statement issued in August 14,1941 that, early in World War II, defined the Allied goals for the post-war world. It was drafted by the leaders of Britain and the United States, and later agreed to by all the Allies. The Charter stated the ideal goals of the war: no territorial aggrandizement; no territorial changes made against the wishes of the people; restoration of self-government to those deprived of it; reduction of trade restrictions; global cooperation to secure better economic and social conditions for all; freedom from fear and want; freedom of the seas; and abandonment of the use of force, as well as disarmament of aggressor nations. In the "Declaration by United Nations" of 1 January 1942, the Allies of World War II pledged adherence to this charter's principles.

  21. Coral Sea - fought during 4–8 May 1942, was a major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia. The battle was the first action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other, as well as the first in which neither side's ships sighted or fired directly upon the other.

  22. Hiroshima,

  23. Nagasaki,

  24. home front,

  25. Japanese-American internment camps,

  26. Lend-Lease Act,

  27. Loyalty review boards - President Harry S. Truman signed; sometimes known as the "Loyalty Order", on March 21, 1947. The order established the first general loyalty program in the United States, designed to root out communist influence in the U.S. federal government.

  28. Loyalty review program - The Loyalty Review program refers to an action taken by the U.S. federal government to find communists within government. President Harry Truman issued an executive order that created a Loyalty Review Board and suspected communists were put under scrutiny. This was part of the greater anti-communism efforts often called a witch hunt, and referred to as McCarthyism

  29. Midway, - island in Pacific Ocean that turned tide of war for U.S against Japan

  30. national security,

  31. Normandy- in France on the beach landed on at D-Day - june 6 1944

  32. Nuremberg Trials, newly formed UN put all nazi’s on trial for war crimes

  33. Pearl Harbor,

  34. Potsdam - Stalin, Churchill, and Truman gathered to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier, on 8 May (V-E Day).

  35. Salerno - 3 September 1943. The operation followed the successful invasion of Sicily during the Italian Campaign. The main invasion force landed around Salerno on the western coast 

  36. Teheran Conference -  (codenamed Eureka) was a strategy meeting held between Joseph StalinFranklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill from 28 November to 1 December 1943. It was held in the Soviet Embassy in TehranIran and was the first of the World War II conferences held between all of the "Big Three" Allied leaders (the Soviet Union, the United States, and the United Kingdom). It closely followed the Cairo Conference and preceded both the Yalta and Potsdam Conferences.

  37. United Nations,

  38. V-E Day,

  39. V-J Day,

  40. Yalta Conference-the second meeting of the big three

  41. Big Three

Sample Exam Question

The excerpt below is from an order issued in Florida during World War II.

You are hereby requested to take the following steps to comply with the recent blackout order . . .

(1) . . . have extinguished all street lights on water front streets and highways at once . . .

(2) Screen water front side lights on all streets running down to the water front . . .

(3) Screen all advertising lights and lighted windows near beach front . . .

(4) Screen all bright lights on seawards side, directly visible from the sea, and within two miles from the water front . . .

(5) In case of brightly lighted installation near beach have the light so directed and screened so that no direct light can be seen from off shore.

By order of the:

Palm Beach Civilian Defense Council

O.B. Carr, Executive Director

Source: Public Domain / Florida Memory

Why did the state of Florida issue this order?

A. to limit community social activities during the war

B. to conserve scarce energy resources during the war

C. to conceal coastal military operations from German spies



D. to protect coastal settlements from German submarine attacks


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