How did it Begin? Cause samuel Brennan



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Name_________________
Gold Rush


What was the Gold Rush?



_________________-a person who scouts out an area for gold




How did it Begin? CAUSE

http://media1.shmoop.com/media/images/large/sutters-mill.jpeg


Samuel Brennan



Who were the 49ers?


How were these groups discriminated against?


Placer Deposits- _______________________

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  1. Example: _________________

Benefit: ____________

____________________

____________________

Problems: __________

____________________

____________________



  1. Example: Cradles or Rockers

Benefit: ____________

____________________

____________________

Problems: __________

____________________

____________________


Lode Deposits-________________________

____________________________________


  1. Example:

http://images.wikia.com/disney/images/3/3c/grumpy_mine.jpg

Benefit: __________________________________________________________________________________________________

Problems:

__________________________________________________________________________________________________



Ore- rock that contains valuable minerals (gold) that can be extracted

Ex


Effects of the Gold Rush

Picture

Picture


What was the Gold Rush?

  • Period from 1848/49-1858 when hundreds of thousands of men traveled west to improve their fortunes. (…find gold!)




  • Prospector -person who scouts out an area in search of gold





How did the Gold Rush Begin?

  • January 24, 1848 James Marshall discovers gold at Sutter’s Mill near Sacramento, CA




  • Samuel Brennan

    • Sparked the Gold Rush of 1849 by publishing an article about the discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill

    • Became California’s first millionaire by investing in General Stores that sold goods to miners

      • His stores made enormous profits by selling as much as $5,000 ($120,000 today) in goods per DAY to miners


Who were the 49ers?

  • Men who traveled to California to find gold in 1849

  • Irish, Chinese, Mexicans, African Americans


How were these groups discriminated against?


  • Foreign Miners Tax ($20 per month)

  • Anti-immigration Acts

  • Physical harm “Society of Hounds”, Extermination

  • Racism


Ore- rock that contains valuable minerals (gold) that can be extracted
Gold deposits exist in 2 forms:

    1. Placer deposits- when gold is moved as a result of some type of erosion (wind, water, ice, gravity)

        • Gold nuggets, small particles, gold dust

        • Ex. Panning: Cheap, only required 1 person / Inefficient, Laborious

        • Ex. Rockers/Cradles: More efficient, less laborious / More expensive, required more workers




    1. Lode deposits- place where gold originates (mountains)

Effects of the Gold Rush



  1. Population Shifts

      • Boomtown: community experiencing a sudden growth in business or population

        • Ex. San Francisco

      • Ghost Towns: former mining towns that became deserted

      • Discrimination, lawlessness (rise of outlaws) and death

      • B/t 1848 and 1856 about $465 million worth of gold is taken out (1st year: $10 million)

        • Bonanza’ a large find of extremely rich ore (Comstock Lode, NV)

      • Business owners are the real winners in the Gold Rush

3. Destruction of the Environment



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