How did competition between Britain and France to control North America begin to shape Canada into the country it is today?



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CHAPTER 5 FOCUS QUESTIONS – WAR AND BRITISH CONQUEST


  1. How did competition between Britain and France to control North America begin to shape Canada into the country it is today?





  1. What challenges of coexistence among British, Canadien and First Nations peoples did it (the battle to control North America) lead to?





  1. How did people meet those challenges (that were caused by the desire to control North America)?




CHAPTER 5 – WAR AND BRITISH CONQUEST


  1. Complete Chapter 5 Vocabulary in your vocabulary books. The following words must be completed this time. You may choose whether or not you are going to add in a picture. There will be a vocabulary quiz the next class – open notebook – but not open textbook – so make sure that you have this done.


Francophone, Anglophone, colonization, digue, deport, Great Deportation, grievous, strategic position, prejudice, Maritimes, officially bilingual, genocide, ethnic cleansing, Treaty of Paris, siege,decisive, retaliate, whiskey traders, recover, secure, scenario, assimilate, bicultural, elected assembly, tithe.

SECTION A

HOW DID COMPETITION BETWEEN BRITAIN AND FRANCE TO CONTROL NORTH AMERICA SHAPE CANADA?





  1. Why did France and Britain compete to control Acadia (The name given to the areas of French Settlement)? Why did each of the following groups value that area? (Pages 141 – 143)



GROUP


WHY DID THEY VALUE THE AREA?



FRENCH




BRITISH




MI’KMAQ





  1. At this time, the French and the British both had a different type of relationship with the Mi’kmaq. What were the differences? (Pages 141 – 143)


FRENCH AND MI’KMAQ



BRITISH AND MI’KMAQ










  1. Why did Britain feel that they had the right to Acadia? (Page 143)




  1. When did Britain take over Acadia? What was the name of the treaty that outlined this takeover and what were the conditions of this treaty? (Page 143)



  1. In anticipation of future battles, Britain and France each created a fortress and military base in the Acadia area:

1720 - France in ___________________________________


1749 – Britain in ___________________________________


7. MAP 1 – ACADIA IN THE 1700’S: Using the first blank map, re-create the map that is located on Page 142 of your textbook. Please be sure to give your map a title, date and brief overview of what was going on during this time period. Please follow the instruction of your teacher as to how these maps should be completed.

8. HISTORY HAPPENS:



  • Read pages 144/145.

  • Answer RESPOND on Page 145.

RESPOND: (PAGE 145)




1






2







    1. BUILD THE BIG PICTURE:




      • MAP 2 – ACADIA IN 1749: Using the second blank map, re-create the map that is located on Page 146 of your textbook. Please be sure to give your map a title, date and brief overview of what was going on during this time period. Please follow the instruction of your teacher as to how these maps should be completed.




      • Compare and Contrast Map 1 and 2. Answer the following questions:




        1. What has changed?



        1. Why did both areas want a military base in Acadia?



        1. Why was Acadia considered STRATEGIC LOCATIONfor military purposes? 5

10. CAUSE AND EFFECT: Read Page 146 Using Page 146, find two examples of cause and effect that shows the competition between France and Britain.



BECAUSE OF…

THIS HAPPENED …

France building the fortress Louisbourg




Britain building Halifax










SECTION B


WHAT CHALLENGES OF COEXISTENCE AMONG BRITISH, CANADIEN AND FIRST NATIONS PEOPLES DID IT LEAD TO?


  1. What is an oath? What is the purpose of an oath? (Page 147)



  1. Who were the Acadians? Not fully covered in the text; your teacher will discuss this with you.



  1. In the Treaty of Utrecht (page 143), Britain was given control of Acadia. They are now forced to make a decision about what to do with the people of Acadia. Should they be concerned with these people? Why?



  1. Read Pages 148 – 151.



  1. Why did the Acadians want to stay in this area? Some information can be found in the textbook and your teacher will also give you some information in a discussion.



  1. Complete the following chart on the Chain of Events that began when Britain took over Acadia. You need to explain and give at least one detail about that event. You also need to include the date when this event occurred.



DATE

EVENT

DESCRIPTION OF THE EVENT

1713










Oath of Neutrality






1755











Oath of Allegiance






1755








1755










Three Options given to the Acadians








Britain takes over land, homes and other possessions of the Acadians.









  1. Why did the British feel the need to deport the Acadians? Please take notes on the FIVE major points found on page 152.



1


2


3


4


5




  1. SEVEN YEAR’S WAR: Use the following CLOZE activity to help you better understand the Seven Years’ War. Use page 155 to complete these sentences. Write the correct word in the blank and be careful with spelling and capital letters.




  1. In __________ fighting broke out between Britain and France to control the

__________ __________. (Western boundary of the Thirteen Colonies)

The dispute quickly became a fight for the ____________ _________________!




  1. In 1756, the war became a _____________ conflict. Britain wanted to destroy the

French _______________. Other European countries chose sides.


  1. In _________, Britain seized _______________ but the fighting did not stop. The

war continued elsewhere in the world between these two countries.


  1. Finally in 1763 the ___________ ____ ___________ was signed. France

gave up nearly all of its claims in North America except for the islands of

____________________ and ____________________ .





  1. THE BATTLE OF THE PLAINS OF ABRAHAM AND THE END OF THE SEVEN YEARS’ WAR




  1. Watch the movie on The Battle of the Plains of Abraham (National Film Board). Take notes on the movie and write in the following space:




  1. Using Page 156 and the information that you gathered from the movie, answer the following:




  1. Who were the two generals in this war and tell which country they fought to defend?


  1. How long did this battle last?



  1. How long had Britain being trying to capture Quebec before this particular battle occurred?



  1. What did Wolfe and his troops do on June 23?



  1. What was the surprise attack that Britain issued on France?



  1. Once Montcalm noticed that British, what did he do?



  1. Why did France lose?



  1. What happened to both generals in this battle – explain in detail.




  1. Using page 157 and the information that you gathered from the movie, answer the following:




  1. The Battle of the Plains of Abraham has become known as a symbol of Canadian History and British conquest. Why would the French say that this battle wasn’t so decisive and maybe that the weather had helped Britain control North America?



  1. The Seven Years’ War ended with the Treaty of Paris. (Use pages 159/160 in order to answer)




  1. What happened to the First Nations though? France negotiated in the treaty that …


BUT, HOW LONG WOULD THIS LAST? WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN TO THE FRENCH PEOPLE REMAININIG AND THE FIRST NATIONS?


  1. Chief Pontiac: Use pages 159/160 in order to answer the following:




  1. Who was Chief Pontiac and what was his role in controlling the British forts?


  1. LAST FRENCH GOVERNOR – Pierre de Rigaud de Vaudreuil de Cavagnial




  1. What did the last governor try to do before he turned the land over to the British? (page 161)



  1. What happened to the governor when he returned to France? (page 161)




SECTION C





  1. Now that Britain has control over a large portion of the land, they must decide what to do with the Canadiens who have inhabited the land for many years. Please complete the cloze activity related to THE ROYAL PROCLAMATION. Use Page 163.

The Royal Proclamation of 1763

Use page 163 to complete these sentences.




  1. A proclamation is a ________________________________________________.




  1. The main goal of the proclamation was to ______________________ the Canadiens.




  1. Five goals or aims of the Proclamation of 1763 were:

a._______________________________________________________________


b. _______________________________________________________________
c. _______________________________________________________________
d. _______________________________________________________________
e. _______________________________________________________________




  1. Britain tried to assimilate the Canadiens. What does this mean?

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________





  1. Using Map 3, please complete the Royal Proclamation Map on page 164.




  1. Complete Respond Question on page 165. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. Using pages 166 and 167, give three reasons as to why the Royal Proclamation did not work for the Canadiens.




Why did The Royal Proclamation not work?



1




2




3



  1. Complete Map 4 on what North America looked like after the Quebec Act. Please use the teacher overhead in order to complete this map.

  2. T

    The Quebec Act 1774

    Use pages 166 – 167 to complete these sentences.




    1. The British had hoped the Canadiens would choose to “become British” and that

    British people would move to Quebec. However, British _________________ did

    ________ move there nor did the Canadiens give up their _________________ ,

    __________________ , or _________________________ .




    1. What worried the British was:




      1. ____________________________________________________________




      1. ____________________________________________________________




    1. The British decided to return some rights to the Canadiens. This was known as the

    Quebec Act of 1774. The act stated that:


      1. ____________________________________________________________




      1. ___________________________________________________________




      1. ____________________________________________________________




      1. ____________________________________________________________



    he next step was to try the Quebec Act. At this time, the term NEW FRANCE is no longer used. Now the area will be referred to as Quebec. Please complete the cloze activity related to the Quebec Act. Use pages 166 and 167. It is located on the next page.


  1. Answer Respond on page 167.



1.



2.




CULMINATION:




  1. Please go back to the front page and answer the FOCUS QUESTIONS.





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