Honors us history Unit 4 Take-Home Test



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Honors US History

Unit 4 Take-Home Test

Reconstruction and The Great West
This is a take-home test. You may use your class notes, the powerpoints (found on my website), and your textbook to answer the following Questions. YOU MAY NOT USE EACH OTHER OR SOMEONE ELSE’S WORK. If I find that you cheated by using someone else’s work or by sharing answers, your test will become an automatic zero. I am very serious about this. I will be testing you further to be sure you understand the answers you put on your test, so be sure you can explain why the answers you chose are correct. Please write your name and sign the pledge below. Failure to do so will result in a failing grade on this test.
NAME: I, _____________________________, pledge to have neither given nor received unauthorized aid on this test. - _____________________________________________

(signature here)



Multiple Choice (2 points each)

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Please write your answer in the blasnk next to each question.
____ 1. A plan for Reconstruction of the South was needed because

a.

the political fate of the Confederate states had already been decided.

b.

many new citizens had joined the nation during the course of the war.

c.

the Constitution provided no guidance on secession or readmission of states.

____ 2. Which of the following describes Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction?



a.

He wanted to reunify the nation.

b.

He refused to grant pardons to former Confederates.

c.

He demanded equality for African Americans.

____ 3. Which Radical Republican policy did Lincoln support?



a.

formation of the Freedmen’s Bureau

b.

the Wade-Davis Bill

c.

Sherman’s plan for using Confederate land

____ 4. Congress tried to limit the President’s power by passing the



a.

Military Reconstruction Act.

b.

Tenure of Office Act.

c.

Enforcement Act.

____ 5. Which group saw a significant increase in the number of voters in the South during Reconstruction?



a.

white women

b.

white men

c.

African American men

____ 6. Some freedmen moved to southern cities, where they found work as



a.

scalawags.

b.

carpenters.

c. d.

sharecroppers.

carpetbaggers


____ 7. Who wanted to confiscate large plantations and redistribute the land to freedmen?



a.

Abraham Lincoln

b.

William Sherman

c.

Thaddeus Stevens


Study the following political cartoon. Then, answer the following question.

____ 8. The cartoon above implies that Tweed



a.

interfered in the presidential election of 1866.

b.

used corrupt practices to run New York City.

c.

relied on intimidation to keep African Americans from voting.

____ 9. In the Slaughterhouse Cases, the Supreme Court ruled that



a.

the states had the power to define their citizens’ rights.

b.

African Americans were entitled to full citizenship rights.

c.

the Fourteenth Amendment protected citizens from actions by the state and by other citizens.

____ 10. One success of Reconstruction was the



a.

introduction of public schools in the South.

b.

protection of full rights for African Americans.

c.

extension of suffrage to women.

_____11. The ten percent plan required that:

a. ten percent of a state’s voters take a loyalty oath to the union and the state adopts the 14th Ammendment

b. state legislatures set aside ten percent of their seats for African Americans

c. southern land owners give ten percent of their land to freedmen

d. ten percent of the state’s citizens must take the loyalty oath and the state must abolish slavery


_____12. Which Reconstruction Plan required a loyalty oath from a certain percentage of the state’s citizens, as well as passage of the 13th Ammendment?


  1. Wade- Davis Bill

  2. Military Reconstruction Act

  3. Johnson’s Plan

  4. None of the Above

_____ 13. What did “40 Acres and a Mule” come to represent about Reconstruction?



  1. Reconstruction never included true land reform

  2. Reconstruction provided loopholes for providing civil rights to African Americans

  3. Reconstruction allowed for Homesteaders to get land in the west or the South.

_____ 14. Which of the following did NOT chip away at civil rights for freed African Americans?



  1. The Slaughterhouse Cases

  2. The Enforcement Act of 1870

  3. Black Codes

  4. US vs. Reese

  5. All of the above chipped away at civil rights for freed African Americans.


Use the graph and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.


______ 15. In which year did railroad travel exceed 18,000 miles?



a.

1860

c.

1890

b.

1880

d.

1900

______ 16.. The first great boom in the West was spurred by



a.

the railroad.

c.

mining.

b.

vigilantes.

d.

ranching.

______ 17. Which of the following caused serious conflict among various groups of people in the West?



a.

ethnic and economic tensions

c.

cattle branding

b.

religious practices

d.

Mining

______ 18. Which of the following best describes Native Americans’ situation at the end of the Indian Wars?



a.

They held onto their traditional homelands.

b.

They were forced to move west or north or to live on reservations.

c.

They lived traditional lives on reservations throughout the North.

d.

They were assimilated into American culture.

______ 19. Which of the following best describes the lives of typical western homesteaders in the late 1800s?



a.

overcrowded but exciting

c.

peaceful and prosperous

b.

challenging yet comfortable

d.

difficult and lonely



Use the table and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

______ 20. Which groups of Native Americans were involved in conflicts in Texas?



a.

Cheyenne and Arapaho

c.

Comanche and Sioux

b.

Comanche and Kiowa

d.

Sioux and Arapaho


______ 21. Native American civilizations were threatened by



a.

diseases introduced by white settlers.

c.

other Native American groups.

b.

buffalo herds.

d.

drought.

______ 22. The assimilation of Native Americans was a goal of



a.

the Battle of Little Big Horn.

c.

The Homestead Act of 1862.

b.

the Dawes General Allotment Act.

d.

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perces.

______ 23. How did railroads influence the growth of western territories?



a.

The ability to bring in goods deterred industrial development.

b.

Railroads spurred the foundation and expansion of towns along the western rail route.

c.

Towns at the ends of railroad lines became ghost towns when the lines were extended.

d.

Settlers moved away from Native American lands to follow the railroad routes.

______ 24. After the Civil War, farmers’ debt



a.

increased as a result of falling crop prices.

b.

decreased as a result of lower transportation costs.

c.

decreased as a result of their stronger influence in politics.

d.

increased as a result of agricultural technological development.

______ 25. In response to the Granger movement,



a.

the federal government disbanded the Interstate Commerce Commission.

b.

membership in the Farmers’ Alliances declined.

c.

the Supreme Court overturned laws regulating the railroads.

d.

Illinois, Wisconsin, and Minnesota set maximum rates for shipping and grain storage.

______ 26. The Populist Party lost power in large part as a result of



a.

their refusal to endorse William Jennings Bryan.

b.

their exclusion of African Americans.

c.

the 1896 election of McKinley.

d.

the collapse of the gold standard.

______ 27. The Populist party



a.

divided northern and southern urban workers.

b.

supported private ownership of railroads.

c.

excluded African Americans from membership.

d.

called for “free silver” to help raise prices for farm goods.

______ 28. Which of the following was an effect of the transcontinental railroad?



a.

Industrial growth and settlement in the west was encouraged.

c.

The population of the West increased.

b.

Utah and Nevada became heavily settled.

d.

Industrial development was stalled.

______ 29. The United States' policy toward the Native American changed dramatically with the passage in 1887 of the Dawes Act, which?:

a. wiped out tribal ownership of property and granted 160 acres to heads of families.

b. treated the tribes as independent nations.

c. established new and larger reservations for all tribes.

d. granted full citizenship to all tribal members.

e. forbade selling alcohol or guns on reservations.

______ 30. The United States government's outlawing of the Indian Sun (Ghost) Dance in 1890 resulted in the?:

a. Battle of Little Big Horn.

b. Battle of Potowanamie Creek.

c. Dawes Severality Act.

d. Massacre at Sand Creek.

e. Battle of Wounded Knee.

______ 31. The Homestead Act provided?:

a. that Indians should henceforth own their lands as individuals rather than collectively as tribes.

b. 160 acres of free land within the public domain to any head of household who would settle on it and improve it over a period of five years.

c. large amounts of federal government land to Great Plains cattle ranchers who would contract to provide beef for the Union army.

d. 40 acres of land to each former slave above the age of 21.

e. that the land of former Confederates should not be confiscated.
_______ 32. Helen Hunt Jackson's book entitled A Century of Dishonor (1880) recounted?:

a. American imperialism and its effects on the middle class.

b. discriminatory practices employed by the United States government against African-Americans.

c. the atrocities of the Spanish-American War.

d. the long record of broken treaties and injustices against American Indians.

e. the abuses involving big business trusts in America.



33. RECONSTRUCTION TIMELINE: Put the following events in chronological

order, numbering them 1 (earliest event) to 6 (latest event) (1 point each)

  1. Congress restricted presidential power by passing the Tenure of Office Act.

  2. In response to southern defiance, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act, the Fourteenth Amendment, and the Military Reconstruction Act of 1867.




  1. Johnson took office and offered the South easy terms for reentering the Union.

  2. Lincoln refused to sign the Wade-Davis Bill; Lincoln and Congress remained deadlocked over Reconstruction until Lincoln was assassinated.




  1. Once back in the Union, white southerners passed laws restricting the rights of freed African Americans.

  2. The House voted to impeach Johnson, but the Senate failed to convict him.

34. Explain your answer to question # 3 on the test thoroughly. Why is your choice correct, AND why must EACH of the other choices be incorrect (6 points)?

35 . Explain your answer to question # 6 on the test thoroughly. Why is your choice correct, AND why must EACH of the other choices be incorrect (6 points)?

36. Explain your answer to question # 12 on the test thoroughly. Why is your choice correct, AND why must EACH of the other choices be incorrect (6 points)?



37. Explain your answer to question # 23 on the test thoroughly. Why is your choice correct, AND why must EACH of the other choices be incorrect (6 points)?

38. Explain your answer to question # 27 on the test thoroughly. Why is your choice correct, AND why must EACH of the other choices be incorrect (6 points)?


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