History of Western Cultures Semester Exam Review – Study Guide



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History of Western Cultures

Semester Exam Review – Study Guide
The following information is meant to serve for your review of the material covered this semester in HWC. You should not limit your study to only what is itemized on this review packet. Your preparation will be most effective if you review some pages, or sections, in chunks prior to the final exam. You should have completed this review, on your own, prior to the in-class review. For any term/name that you can not easily find in the text, go online to search the Web.
The outline for the semester exam is as follows:

  1. Map of Europe – Application questions that ask you to match the event with the country in which this item took place. Example: Where did the Renaissance begin? (Ques. #1-10)

  2. Multiple Choice – Questions range from topics that start with the Renaissance and go through World War II...the largest section of the test. (Ques. #11-106)

  3. Matching – Focusing on key names and terms. (Ques. #107-121)

  4. Chronology – You will get three events from history and must decide which century they occurred: 1400-1500, 1500-1600, 1600-1700, 1700-1800, and 1800-1900. (Ques. #122-133)

  5. More matching…(Ques. #134-148)

  6. Reading Comprehension – Based on interpreting a primary document. (Ques. 149-158)

  7. Political Cartoon – More interpretation from a primary document (Ques. 159-163)

  8. Another Reading Comprehension section. (Ques. #164-167)

  9. Map Interpretation – Three last questions from a map highlighting religious change in Europe around 1600. (Ques. #168-170)


The following pages highlight many, but not all, of the key terms and names that have been taught this semester…GOOD LUCK!



THE DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONS…Chapter 13, Sec. 4 and Chapter 14 Sec. 4
Battle of Hastings
William the Conqueror (William I)
Henry II
Common Law versus Canon Law
King John
Magna Carta (Great Charter)
Edward I
Parliament
Joan of Arc
Hundred Years War


THE RENAISSANCE…Chapter 15 Sec. 1 and 2
Renaissance
Humanism
Perspective
Fresco
Vernacular
Dante
Leonardo da Vinci
Michelangelo
Lorenzo de Medici
Niccolo Machiavelli
Johannes Gutenberg

THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION…Chapter 15 Sec. 3 and 4
Protestant Reformation
Indulgences
95 Theses
Johann Tetzel
Martin Luther
John Calvin
Predestination
Henry VIII
Act of Supremacy
Anabaptists
Jesuits

THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION…Chapter 19 Sec. 1
Heliocentric
Geocentric
Nicholas Copernicus
Johannes Kepler
Galileo Galilei
Isaac Newton

THE MONARCHS OF EUROPE & THE RISE OF PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY…Chapter 18 Sec. 1 & 3
Divine Right
Elizabeth Tudor
Sir Francis Drake
King Philip II (Spain)
Spanish Armada
Stuart Dynasty
Charles I
Puritans
English Civil War
Oliver Cromwell
Restoration
Charles II
James II
Whigs and Tories
Glorious Revolution
William and Mary
English Bill of Rights

ABSOLUTISM…Chapter 18 Sec. 2
Absolutism
Mercantilism
Louis XIV
Cardinals Mazarin and Richelieu
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
The Palace of Versailles
Huguenots
Edict of Nantes

THE ENLIGHTENMENT…Chapter 19 Sec. 2
Enlightenment
Laissez-faire
Natural Laws
John Locke versus Thomas Hobbes
Adam Smith
Baron de Montesquieu
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Mary Wollstonecraft

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND NAPOLEON BONAPARTE…Chapter 20 Sec. 1-4
Coup
Three Estates
Estates General
Legislative Assembly
Nationalism
Radicals versus Royalists
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette
Storming of the Bastille
The Great Fear
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
Maximilien Robespierre
Reign of Terror
National Convention
The Directory
Napoleon Bonaparte
Continental System
Napoleonic Civil Code
Failed Invasion of Russia
The Battle of Waterloo
Duke of Wellington

NINETEENTH CENTURY: Industrialization, Nationalism and Imperialism…Chapter 21 Sec. 1-3
Industrialization
Enclosure
Entrepreneur
James Watt
Steam Engine
Child Labor
Proletariat
Bourgeoisie
Socialism
Communism
Karl Marx
Nationalism...Chapter 24 Sec. 1 and 2
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Camilo Cavour
Otto von Bismarck
Franco-Prussian War
Imperialism…Chapter 25, see page 740!
Imperialism

WORLD WAR I…Chapter 26 Sec. 1-4
M.A.I.N. Causes of WWI
Propaganda
Franz Ferdinand
Gavrilo Princip
Central Powers
Allied Powers
Triple Alliance
Triple Entente
Trench Warfare
Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations
Woodrow Wilson
Reparations

THE YEARS BETWEEN THE WARS…Chapter 27 Sec. 1-4
Inflation
Fascism
Nazism
Anti-Semitism
Weimar Republic
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Spanish Civil War
Benito Mussolini
Adolph Hitler
Nuremburg Laws
Kristallnacht

WORLD WAR II…Chapter 28 Sec. 1-4
Appeasement
Munich Pact
Non-aggression Pact
Blitzkrieg
The Holocaust (Genocide)
Axis versus Allies
Pearl Harbor
Hideki Tojo
Island Hopping
D-Day
Atomic Bomb
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Yalta and Potsdam Conferences
United Nations


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