De pignoribus. Migne, 156. 649 sqq.
Among the legends of its discovery is the following: Herod gave the coat to a Jew because the drops of blood would not come out. The Jew threw it into the sea. A whale swallowed it. Orendel, son of the king of Treves
, on his way to Jerusalem caught the fish and rescued the garment. It is described as five feet one inch long, and of the color of a sponge.
72047 See Wetzer-Welte, Der hl. Rock, X. 1229 sqq.
82048 Luard’s ed., IV. 641-643.
92049 Luard, Vl. 138-144. See Stevenson’s Grosseteste, p. 263.
02050 De Vinsauf, Chronicle of Richard’s Crusade, LIV.
12051 Luard’s M. Paris, IV. 90 sq.; De Voragine, VII. 210.
2052 Luard’s ed., III. 30 sq.
32053 Dial., VIII 67, Strange’s ed., II. 138.
42054 Dial., VIII. 68, 85.
52055 Migne, 156. 627.
62056 Hauck, IV. 74.
Treves, Cologne, and Aachen were distinguished by the number of their reliquiary possessions. Gelenius, a Cologne priest, in his de admiranda sacra et civili magnitudine Coloniae
, 1645, enumerated a great number of relics to be found In Cologne, such as pieces of the true cross
, the manger, some of the earth on which Mary stood when she received the angelic announcement, one of John the Baptist’s teeth, a piece of his garment, hairs from the head of Bartholomew, and remains of the children of Bethlehem. As recently as Nov. 30, 1898, the archbishop of Cologne announced that one of St. Andrew’s arms would be shown after having lain in repose for one hundred years. It was found in a chest with other relics which had been packed away during the French Revolution.
82058 See Hurter’s judgment of Innocent as a preacher, II. 729 sqq.
92059 Spec. eccles., Migne, 172. 862.
02060 Cruel, pp. 210, 262.
12061 Jessopp, Coming of the Friars, p. 86.
2062 Linsenmayer, p. 125 sqq.
32063 Salimbene, Coulton’s ed., p. 305.
42064 Hurter, IV. 507; Cruel, p. 217.
52065 His homiliarium was ed. by Hecht, 1863,
62066 Dial., IV. 36.
72067 Dargan, p. 229, says that "probably the largest audiences ever gathered to hear preaching" were gathered in the thirteenth century.
92069 Quo ordine sermo fieri debeat, Migne, 157. 20-34.
02070 Summa de arte praedicatoria, Migne, 210. 111-198.
12071 De eruditione praedicatorum.
2072 Quoted by Cruel, p. 249.
32073 See Vacandard, S. Bernard, I. 474 sqq., and Storrs, St. Bernard, pp. 355-427, Migne, 183. 73-747, 784-1105.
52075 A. Charasson, Un curé plébéien au XIIe siècle Foulques, curé de Veuilly, Paris, 1905.
Peltier’s ed., XIII. 1-636, etc. For Thomas’ sermons, see Bourin, La prédication en France et les sermons de Thomas
, Paris, 1882. Vaughan is fulsome in praise of Thomas as a preacher. Life
, etc., I. 459 sq., II. 104 sqq., 112-117.
72077 The writer in Wetzer-Welte, I. 995, declarcs that the tongue remains whole to this day. See Lempp, Leben d. hl. Antonius v. Padua.
The works and collections of Berthold’s sermons are numerous. Cruel, pp. 307-322; Linsenmayer, pp. 333-354; E. Bernhardt, Bruder Berthold von Regensb
., etc., Erf., 1905. Ed. of his sermons by Kling, Berlin, 1824; Pfeiffer, Vienna, 1862; J. Strobel, 2 vols. Vienna, 1880; Gobel, 2 vols. Schaffh., 1850; 4th ed., Regensb., 1905; alsoPredigten a. d. Sonn und Festtagen
, 2 vols. 1884; G. Jacob, D. Iatein. Reden d. Berthold
, etc., Regensb., 1880.
92079 See Cruel, 146-208; Linsenmayer, 191-320.
02080 Migne, vol. 172. See Rocholl, in Herzog, VIII. 327-331; Endres, Honor. August., Leip., 1903. Honorius called himself Augustoduniensis, but it is doubtful whether Autun or Strassburg is meant.
12081 Old Engl. Hom., II. 14.
2082 II, 209 sqq.
32083 In No. XXXV., 254-270, Dreves gives two psalteries, ascribed to Anselm.
42084 Anal. Hymn., XLVII. 11 sq.
52085 Blume has collected hundreds of tropes in Anal. Hymn. They extended from two or three to as many as fifty lines. Gautier was the first to call the attention of modern students to this forgotten form of med. poetry.
They are found in prose renderings in the Primer of Sarum of about 1400 (ed. by Maskell, Mon. ritualia
, Vol. III.). Daniel gives all three
, I. 276, etc. Dreves gives the adesto
and thefesti laudes
, No. IV., 14, and calls the former, "a hymn in the strict sense of the word." See No. XXIII., 5, 6, where Dreves pronounces Peckham as, beyond dispute, their author.
72087 Two addressed to Mary and one to God are given by Morris, Old Engl. Hom., II. 255 sqq.
82088 Hauck, IV. 60.
92089 Linsenmayer, Deutsche Predigt, pp. 70, 132.
02090 Migne, 145. 930 sqq. See Libr. of Rel. Poetry, pp. 897, 880.
12091 Cousin gave 97 of these poems in his ed. of Abaelard, 1849.
2092 Apol. pro Abaelardo, Migne, 178. 1857.
32093 See Herold
, Bernhard’s Hymnen
, in Herzog, II. 649. The text of the hymns is found in Migne, 184. 1307 sqq., and in part in Schaff, Lit. and Poetry
, etc. Mabillon, whose edition Migne reproduced, casts doubt upon the genuineness of all but two of these poems, and Vacandard (Vie de S. Bern
., II. 103) and Haureau (Les poèms attribués à S. Bern
., Paris, 1890) upon all of them. But they are ascribed to Bernard by the oldest tradition and no one can be found so likely to be their author as Bernard, Herold advocates the Bernardian authorship.
42094 Ninety-six lines of the original were made known to English readers by Trench. Neale’s transl. is given in the Libr. of Rel. Poetry, pp. 981-985; a prose transl. of the whole poem by Dr. S. M. Jackson, in Am. Journ. of Theol., 1906. See note in Schaff’s Christ in Song, Lond. ed., pp. 511 sq.
For this reason Flacius Illyricus printed the poem entire in his collection of poems on the corruption of the Church
,—Varia doctorum piorumque virorum de corrupto eccles. statu poemata
, Basel, 1557. I have a copy of this rare volume.
62096 Deutsch, art. Adam de S. Victor, Herzog, I. 164, Migne, vol. 196, gives 36 of Adam’s poems. Gautier, in 1858, found 106 in the Louvre library, whither they had been removed at the destruction of St. Victor during the Revolution. He regards 45 as genuine.
72097 Wrangham has given translations of all of Adam’s hymns. March gives eight poems in the original. Some of these have gone into English Hymnals. See Julian, p. 15.
82098 Julian, pp. 662 sqq., 878 sqq. Also Christ in Song, Engl. ed., pp. 467 sqq. Daniel gives five of Thomas’ hymns, I. 251-256, II. 97.
92099 The first mention of his authorship is in the liber conformitatum, about 1380. The oldest MS. is a Dominican missal in the Bodleian of the same date.
02100 Lit. and Poetry pp. 135-186.
Julian, pp. 299 sqq., gives a list of 133 versions, 19 of which are used in hymn books. The London Athenaeum
, July 26, 1890, gave a still larger list of 87 British and 92 American translations. The first English version is that of Joshua Sylvester
, 1621, and one of the best, that of W. J. Irons, 1848.
2102 Caswall’s transl. Dr. Schaff gives a number of versions. Lit. and Poetry, pp. 187-218.
32103 The companion hymn, Stabat mater speciosa, "Stands the fair mother," ascribed to the same author, was discovered in 1852. See Lit. and Poetry, pp. 219-230.
42104 See Julian, pp. 1080-1084, the art. Jacopone, by Lauxmann-Lempp, in Herzog, VIII. 516-519, and the references to Wadding there given. The Florentine ed. of his works, 1490, contains 100 Italian poems; the Venetian ed. of 1614, 211.
52105 Eicken, p 674
62106 Not from mysterium. The early French word was misterre. The term "mystery" was not used in England. The terms in use were plays, miracles, and miracle-plays.
The text is given by Migne, 137. 975-1062, together with some poems attributed to Hroswitha, one of which, "The Fall and Conversion of St. Theophilus
," has often been regarded as the original of the tale of Faust.
82108 See Blume, Tropen d. Missale in Analecta hymn., XLVII. 7.
92109 Chambers II. 310.
02110 Pollard, p. xix. M. Paris calls it a "miracle,"—quem miracula vulgariter appellamus.
12111 The meaning of Innocent’s brief is disputed. It may have reference only to the Feast of Fools. The text is in the Decretals, III. 1, 12, Friedberg’s ed., II. 452.
2112 Dial., X. 28, Strange’s ed., II. 238,
32113 Gregorovius, Hist. of the City of Rome, VI. 712.
Luard’s ed., pp. 118, 161. On these festivals, see Eselsfest
, in Herzog, V. 497 sq., and Feste
, in Wetzer-Welte, IV. 1398-1407; Chambers
, I. 274-372.
52115 Called also festum hypodiaconorum, feast of the deacons, etc.
62116 Hist. of City of Rome
, V. 333. They were called flagellarii
, flagellantes, crucifratres, verberantes, cruciferi, acephali
, or independents
, from the charge that they had broken with the heretics.
72117 Migne, 144. 1017. Damiani says of Loricatus, lorica ferrea vestitur ad carnem, Migne, 145. 747. He compared the body to a timbrel which is to be struck in praise to God.
82118 Coulton, From St. Francis to Dante, pp. 192 sq.
Alex. of Hales distinguished eight sorts of demonic agency through human instrumentalities, mantic, sortilegium, maleficium, augurium, prestigium, mathesis or astrology
, ariolatio, and the interpretation of dreams.
02120 De nug. curalium, Wright’s ed., II. 14; Polycrat., Bk. I. VIII.–XIII. Migne, 199. 404 sqq.
12121 De mir., Migne, 189. 883.
2122 The Roman de la Rose, 1280, is an exception and makes light of tail and horns, and the belief that women are transported through the air at night.
32123 Dial., V. 53, etc., Strange’s ed., I. 336.
42124 Dial., V. 5, Strange’s ed., I. 287 sqq.
52125 Dial., III. 11, V. 28, 45, Strange’s ed., I. 123, 311, 330.
62126 Dial., V. 11, 26, 34.
72127 Vita Norb., XIII.
82128 Vita Norb., XIV.
92129 Dial., III. 6.
02130 Dial., III. 6, 7, 13, 14, VII, 25, etc.
12131 Temple ed., V. 88.
2132 Coulton, From St. Francis, etc., p. 298.
32133 Lib. revelationum de insidiis et versutiis daemonum, quoted by Cruel, Deutsche Predigt, p. 268.
42134 Daemones in hoc aere caliginoso sunt ad nostrum exercitium. Th. Aq., Summa, I. 64, 4. So also P. Lomb., II. 7, 6.
52135 Zonas, interstitia. In sent., II. 6, 5, Borgnet’s ed., XXVII. 132.
Aquinas’ treatment is found in his Summa
, I. 51 sqq., II. 94-96, Migne, I. 893 sqq., II. 718 sqq.; P. Lombard, Sent.
, II. 7 sqq.
72137 Praestigia is the word used by Alb. Magnus, John of Salisbury, etc.
This is stated at length by Thomas Aquinas, Summa
, I. 51, 3, idem daemon qui est succubus ad virum fit incubus ad mulierem
. For other quotations to the same effect from Bonaventura, Duns Scotus, etc., see Hansen, p. 186. Albertus Magnus, Borgnet’s ed., XXVII. 175, speaks of immense cats appearing at these assignations, but the passage is too foul to be repeated. This Schoolman went so far as to say that demons preserved human seed in vessels. As an instance of ultramontane honesty
, Hoensbroech, D. Papstthum
, I. 222, cites the Dominican Schneider who, in his German translation of Thomas Aquinas, omits altogether the passage, part of which has just been quoted, though he makes the introductory assertion that the translation contains the "entire text."
92139 Merlin, the "prophet of Britain" as Caesar of Heisterbach calls him, Dial., III. 12, Strange’s ed., 1. 124. The nun was seduced on a night when she happened to retire without making the sign of the cross. It was thought by some that anti-christ would be engendered in this way.
02140 an., 1249. The child in six months had a full set of teeth and was of the stature of a boy of 17, the mother wasted away and died.
12141 Dial., V. 12.
2142 See quotation in Kaufmann’s Caesar of Heisterbach, II. 80.
Sometimes demons took the place of loose women with whom priests had made assignations
, III. 10. Caesar tells of a woman who had committed whoredom with a demon for seven years and, while confessing her sin to the priest, fell dead.
42144 He gives a full chapter to the subject. In Sent., IV. 34, 1.
52145 Wright’s ed., p. 61. plurimi sub cauda, plerique pudenda.
62146 A translation of the bull dated June, 1233, Potthast, I. no. 9230, is given by Hoensbroech, I. 215 sqq.
72147 Hansen dates the new treatment of sorcery by the Church with 1230 and carries the period on to 1430, when he dates the period of witchcraft and its punishment by the Church.
82148 Hansen, Quellen, p. 1.
92149 Hansen gives a number of such bulls and quotes an author who speaks of 103 papal bulls directed against sorcery, a number Hansen doubts. Quellen, p. 1.
, pp. 43 sqq., gives it under the title forma et modus interrogandi augures et ydolatras
, and assigns it to 1270, Gesch
., p. 243. Douais places it a little earlier. A portion of Bernard Gui’s Practica inquisitionis
(1320) is an interrogatory of practisers of the occult arts
, interrog. ad sortileges et divinos ei invocatores daemonum
. See Douais’ ed., Paris, 1886.
12151 Luard’s ed., V. 448 sq.
2152 For a terse description of the social, religious, and moral condition of mediaeval England and the prevalence of disease, see Jessopp, Coming of the Friars, p. 111, etc.
32153 M. Paris, Luard’s ed., IV. 538 sq.
42154 Legenda, Temple Classics ed., II. 189.
52155 Migne, 157. 1047,
62156 Heisterbach, Dial., XII. 2, Strange’s ed., II. 316.
72157 See Creighton in Traill, I. 368 sq., and Geo. Pernet, Leprosy, in Quart. Rev., 1903, pp. 384 sqq.
82158 Migne, 158. 705 sqq., 176. 703-739.
92159 Ep., 238, to Eugenius, Migne, 182. 430. De consid. I. 10.
02160 Mon. Franc., Ep. XXVI. p. 116
2162 Brewer’s ed., pp. 399 sqq.