1793: Editorials first appear in a separate column in the American Minerva, published by Noah Webster
Most papers were published by printers who had to set the type by hand (letter by letter), then print them on clumsy, bulky presses.
The ___________________________ was just around the corner, and soon newspapers joined in the never-ending race for better technology.
The Penny Press:
Reached a mass audience because it was so inexpensive and was distributed by street sales rather than by ___________________.
The audience was mainly the new working class of the_____________________.
Because of the larger audience, ___________________ took on a major role.
1833: ______________________ founded the New York Sun.
While most earlier newspapers carried little actual news, instead filling the pages with opinions, essays, letters, and a few advertisements, Day filled the Sun with news and sold it for a _______________.
Thus, the __________________ was born.
1841: Horace Greeley, a social reformer, founded the New York Tribune.
Its weekly edition had more than _________________ subscribers.
1848: The _______________________ , providing the first wire service, was founded.
This service takes advantage of the newest technology, the _______________ , to sell news to papers that subscribed to it.
This service became known as a ___________________.
1851: The New York Times was founded by ___________________.
The Times is considered by many professional journalists to still be the best newspaper in the country.
From the beginning it set a standard for fairness and accuracy in reporting.
1861: Newswriting and news coverage began to change once reporters at ______________________ battlesites made use of the ________________ , which had been invented 18 years earlier.
To make sure that the outcome of a battle got into a story in case the telegraph broke down during transmission, reporters became more concise and developed the _____________________________ format of writing: giving the most important facts in the first few sentences.
_____________________________: an unethical, irresponsible brand of journalism involving hoaxes, altered photographs, screaming headlines, frauds, and endless self-promotions by the papers.
The most notable of the yellow journalists were ________________________ , publisher of the New York Journal, and _______________________ , publisher of the New York World.