Many (10-30%) brides pregnant by the time of church weddings; most perhaps considered themselves already married; one was Anne Hathaway 1582.
Illegitimacy rate low; peaked (at around 5-10%) 1600, probably through bad economic conditions.
Children: Ralph Josselin spent a quarter to a third of his income on his children.
Those lips that Love's own hand did make
Breathed forth the sound that said “I hate”
… “I hate” she altered with an end
That followed it as gentle day
Doth follow night, who like a fiend
From heaven to hell is flown away.
“I hate” from hate away she threw,
And saved my life, saying “not you.”
Diaries: clergy: Josselin; Adam Martindale; Henry Newcome; apprentice shopkeeper, 1660s: Roger Lowe.
Cambridge Population Group: family limitation/ contraception from 1640s; population in late-seventeenth and early-eighteenth centuries grew more prosperous but did not increase in size, breaking the Malthusian mould; increased buying power fueled the Industrial Revolution.
Open lineage family 1450-1630: marriages arranged as property transactions to benefit whole wide kinship group; little affection between spouses or within family.
Restricted patriarchal nuclear family 1550-1700: Tudor monarchs attack noble power, based on wide kinship group.
A Revolution in Family Life? 02
Protestantism and puritanism stress power of father within family; little affection within families; fathers arrange marriages for children, but take children’s preferences into account.
Closed domesticated nuclear family 1640-1800. Decline of patriarchal power; growth of affection between spouses, and towards children; parent retain only a veto over children’s marriages; appearance of romantic love.